Spring Prairie Preserve

               
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Area and County

Clay County

 

 

 

 

Size

470 acres

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Maps

Printable Map with GPS coordinates

 
Parking Lot

N46 55.203, W96 28.320

 
Hiking Trails

No maintained trails

 
Hunting

All hunting.

See Hunting and Trapping Regulations (MN DNR) for details.


Ecological Classification

Province

Prairie Parkland Province Ecological Classification

Section

Red River Valley

Subsection(s)

Red River Prairie

Land Type Association(s)

Barnesville Beach Complex

Felton Lake Plain

 
Native Plant Communities1

Wet Prairie (Northern)

Wet Seepage Prairie (Northern)


Ownership

The Nature Conservancy logo

 
Links

The Nature Conservancy


Comments

Overview
Spring Prairie Preserve was acquired by The Nature Conservancy in August, 2010, under the Minnesota Prairie Recovery Project. Funding was provided by Minnesota’s Outdoor Heritage Fund. The 470 acres is three quarter-sections of prairie that, until 2010, was grazed by cattle. It contains wet prairie, mesic prairie, sedge meadow, and marsh. Decades of grazing has changed the mix of plants on this preserve. Some legumes and other plants normally found on native prairies in this part of the state are absent here. On the other hand, it is relatively free of invasive species. The southeast section is wet prairie and wet seepage prairie. The other two sections are a mix of wet prairie, mesic prairie, cattail marsh, and sedge meadow.


Visits

8/1/2013

   

 

 

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  Spring Prairie Preserve   Spring Prairie Preserve
       

The Nature Conservancy Sign

  Spring Prairie Preserve    
       

Wet Seepage Prairie (Northern)

  Spring Prairie Preserve   Spring Prairie Preserve
       
  Spring Prairie Preserve    
       

Wet Prairie (Northern)

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Visitor Observations

   
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Amphibians

northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens)

northern leopard frog


Birds

Four bird species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:

 

Endangered

Baird’s Sparrow (Ammodramus bairdii)

 

Threatened

Wilson’s Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor)

 

Special concern

Greater Prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus cupido)

Marbled Godwit (Limosa fedoa fedoa)

 
 

Minnesota DNR Bird checklist

 
 

Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Greater Prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus cupido)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis)

Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda)

Barn Swallow

Mourning Dove


Insects and Arachnids

One insect species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:

 

Special concern

regal fritillary (Speyeria idalia)

 
 

band-winged meadowhawk (Sympetrum semicinctum)

blue orchard bee (Osmia lignaria lignaria)

common green darner (Anax junius)

common wood nymph (Cercyonis pegala)

dog day cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

goldenrod soldier beetle (Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus)

great spangled fritillary (Speyeria cybele)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

regal fritillary (Speyeria idalia)

dog day cicada

goldenrod gall fly

regal fritillary


Mammals

thirteen-lined ground squirrel (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

whitetail deer


Plants

One plant species with conservation status in Minnesota is found here:

 

Threatened

Sullivant’s milkweed (Asclepias sullivantii)

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Wet Prairie (Northern) WPn53c

Wet Seepage Prairie (Northern) WPn53a

 
 

 

absinth wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)

alkali buttercup (Ranunculus cymbalaria)

alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)

American bugleweed (Lycopus americanus)

American germander (Teucrium canadense var. canadense)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

brook lobelia (Lobelia kalmii)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canadian horseweed (Conyza canadensis)

common boneset (Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common lamb’s-quarters (Chenopodium album)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

eastern panicled aster (Symphyotrichum lanceolatum var. lanceolatum)

field sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis)

Flodman’s thistle (Cirsium flodmanii)

foxtail barley (Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum)

fringed brome (Bromus ciliatus)

fringed loosestrife (Lysimachia ciliata)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

giant sumpweed (Cyclachaena xanthiifolia)

giant sunflower (Helianthus giganteus)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

grass-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

heart-leaved golden alexanders (Zizia aptera)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans)

leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula)

little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium)

marsh hedge nettle (Stachys palustris)

Maximilian’s sunflower (Helianthus maximilianii)

Missouri goldenrod (Solidago missouriensis)

narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia)

palespike lobelia (Lobelia spicata)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides)

prairie blazing star (Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya)

prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata)

prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)

prairie goldenrod (Solidago ptarmicoides)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola)

purple lovegrass (Eragrostis spectabilis)

purple rattlesnake root (Nabalus racemosus)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

redroot amaranth (Amaranthus retroflexus)

rough blazing star (Liatris aspera)

rough bugleweed (Lycopus asper)

sage-leaved willow (Salix candida)

sandbar willow (Salix interior)

seaside arrowgrass (Triglochin maritima)

showy milkweed (Asclepias speciosa)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

silverweed (Argentina anserina)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

spotted Joe Pye weed (Eutrochium maculatum)

spotted lady’s thumb (Persicaria maculosa)

spotted water hemlock (Cicuta maculata)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

Sullivant’s milkweed (Asclepias sullivantii)

swamp betony (Pedicularis lanceolata)

swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata)

swamp thistle (Cirsium muticum)

tall meadow rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

Virginia mountain mint (Pycnanthemum virginianum)

western ironweed (Vernonia fasciculata ssp. corymbosa)

western ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya)

white clover (Trifolium repens)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

whitecrack willow (Salix x rubens)

wild cucumber (Echinocystis lobata)

wild mint (Mentha arvensis)

wingstem (Verbesina alternifolia)

yellow marsh marigold (Caltha palustris var. palustris)

 

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot amaranth)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia psilostachya (western ragweed)

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Argentina anserina (silverweed)

Artemisia absinthium (absinth wormwood)

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata (swamp milkweed)

Asclepias speciosa (showy milkweed)

Asclepias sullivantii (Sullivant’s milkweed)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Bromus ciliatus (fringed brome)

Caltha palustris var. palustris (yellow marsh marigold)

Carduus acanthoides (plumeless thistle)

Chenopodium album (common lamb’s-quarters)

Cicuta maculata (spotted water hemlock)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium flodmanii (Flodman’s thistle)

Cirsium muticum (swamp thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Conyza canadensis (Canadian horseweed)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Cyclachaena xanthiifolia (giant sumpweed)

Echinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Eragrostis spectabilis (purple lovegrass)

Eupatorium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum (common boneset)

Euphorbia esula (leafy spurge)

Euthamia graminifolia var. graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)

Eutrochium maculatum (spotted Joe Pye weed)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Helianthus giganteus (giant sunflower)

Helianthus maximilianii (Maximilian’s sunflower)

Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum (foxtail barley)

Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce)

Liatris aspera (rough blazing star)

Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya (prairie blazing star)

Lobelia kalmii (brook lobelia)

Lobelia spicata (palespike lobelia)

Lycopus americanus (American bugleweed)

Lycopus asper (rough bugleweed)

Lysimachia ciliata (fringed loosestrife)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Mentha arvensis (wild mint)

Nabalus racemosus (purple rattlesnake root)

Pedicularis lanceolata (swamp betony)

Persicaria maculosa (spotted lady’s thumb)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Pycnanthemum virginianum (Virginia mountain mint)

Ranunculus cymbalaria (alkali buttercup)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Salix candida (sage-leaved willow)

Salix interior (sandbar willow)

Salix x rubens (whitecrack willow)

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium (little bluestem)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago missouriensis (Missouri goldenrod)

Solidago ptarmicoides (prairie goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Sonchus arvensis (field sow thistle)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Spartina pectinata (prairie cordgrass)

Sporobolus heterolepis (prairie dropseed)

Stachys palustris (marsh hedge nettle)

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum var. lanceolatum (eastern panicled aster)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Teucrium canadense var. canadense (American germander)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (tall meadow rue)

Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)

Trifolium repens (white clover)

Triglochin maritima (seaside arrowgrass)

Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Verbesina alternifolia (wingstem)

Vernonia fasciculata ssp. corymbosa (western ironweed)

Zizia aptera (heart-leaved golden alexanders)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)

alsike clover

black-eyed Susan

bull thistle

Canada anemone

common boneset

common yarrow

field sow thistle

fringed loosestrife

golden alexanders

Maximilian’s sunflower

palespike lobelia (var. spicata)

prairie cordgrass

prairie rose

purple rattlesnake root

red osier dogwood

rough bugleweed

spotted Joe Pye weed

Sullivant’s milkweed

swamp milkweed

swamp thistle

Virginia mountain mint

white clover

wild mint

yellow marsh marigold

 


 

 

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