Peregrine Falcon

(Falco peregrinus)

Conservation Status
Peregrine Falcon
Photo by Ramona Abrego
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern


N4B, N4N - Apparently Secure Breeding and Nonbreeding

S2B - Imperiled Breeding


Special concern

Species in Greatest Conservation Need


The back and tail are bluish-gray. The head has dark, almost black, hood-like markings. The face has a conspicuous, broad, black, “mustache” mark. The underparts are light with small dark spots. The sides are pale with narrow black banding.




15 to 17in length
36 to 42wingspan

17 to 19in length
42 to 48wingspan




Similar Species

  Prairie Falcon (Falco mexicanus) has a lighter head, much thinner “mustache”, and dark wing pits visible from below in flight.  

Cliff ledges, bridges, buildings




Early March to late May and mid-August through November








Mostly medium-sized birds, including pigeons, waterfowl, shorebirds, flickers, and larger songbirds. Rarely small mammals.




Reintroduced. Rare migrant.

In 1999, the US Fish & Wildlife Service removed American Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus anatum) from the Federal List of Endangered and Threatened Wildlife. It was determined that the subspecies “has recovered following restrictions on organochlorine pesticides in the United States and Canada, and following the implementation of successful management activities.” In 1996, the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources (DNR) reclassified it from endangered to threatened. In 2013, the DNR reclassified it from threatened to special concern.




The Minnesota Ornithologists’ Union All Seasons Species Occurrence Map

  Class Aves (birds)  


Falconiformes (falcons and caracaras)  


Falconidae (falcons and caracaras)  




Falco (typical falcons)  

Subordinate Taxa


African Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus minor)

American Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus anatum)

Arctic Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus tundrius)

Austral Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus cassini)

Australian Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus macropus)

Barbary Falcon (Falco peregrinus pelegrinoides) *

Eastern Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus japonensis)

Eurasian Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus peregrinus)

Indian Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus peregrinator)

Mediterranean Peregrine Falcon (Maltese Falcon) (Falco peregrinus brookei)

Peale’s Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus pealei)

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus calidus)

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus ernesti)

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus furuitii)

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus madens)

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus nesiotes)

Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus radama)

Red-naped Shaheen (Falco peregrinus babylonicus)

Southwest Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus submelanogenys)


* There is some disagreement whether Barbary Falcon (Falco peregrinus pelegrinoides) is a subspecies, or a distinct species (Falco pelegrinoides). If the latter, then it also incorporates Red-naped Shaheen (Falco peregrinus babylonicus).















Visitor Photos

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Christa Rittberg

    Peregrine Falcon      

Ramona Abrego


Captive bird – Wildlife Science Center

    Peregrine Falcon   Peregrine Falcon  
    Peregrine Falcon   Peregrine Falcon  
    Peregrine Falcon      






  Peregrine Falcon
Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren
  Peregrine Falcon  
  Peregrine Falcon
Ed McVicker
  Peregrine Falcon  
  Peregrine Falcon
JMC Nature Photos
  Peregrine Falcon  



Visitor Videos

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Other Videos
  World's Fastest Animal. The Peregrine Falcon HD
Voluspa / Asatru

Published on May 24, 2013

  Peregrine Falcon is the Fastest Animal in the World!
Brave Wilderness

Published on Mar 24, 2015

Coyote Peterson is getting an education in speed from the fastest animal in the world the Peregrine Falcon! This stealthy bird is one top predator and in the wild can reach speeds well over 200MPH but today we are going to slow things down a bit to hang out with our new friend Aragon.

Aragon is a falcon that was injured but was lucky enough to have found a new home at the Ohio Wildlife Center and is now a representative for his species and a proud feather donor for other birds that need a little help. One thing is for sure, these birds are absolutely beautiful!

Breaking Trail leaves the map behind and follows adventurer and animal enthusiast Coyote Peterson and his crew as they encounter a variety of wildlife in the most amazing environments throughout North America!

New Episodes Every Tuesday at 9AM EST!

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*A special thanks to the wonderful staff and volunteers of the Ohio Wildlife Center for making this episode possible.

Please consider donating to their efforts by visiting their website

  High-Velocity Falcon
National Geographic

Uploaded on Dec 27, 2007

How fast can a peregrine falcon fly? One scientist aims to find out by skydiving along with the birds.

See All National Geographic Videos

  Peregrine Falcon Sky Dive - Inside the Perfect Predator - BBC

Published on Aug 13, 2011

The Peregrine Falcon is a bird of prey. This footage shows stunning footage of one such bird diving through the sky over London in order to try and catch a pidgeon. Visit for all the latest animal news and wildlife videos and watch more natural history videos on the new BBC Earth YouTube channel here:

  Peregrine Falcon "Bizbul" in Minneapolis. Mn. in HD

Published on Aug 2, 2013

Bizbul watching finches and sparrows, preening, and stretching..

July 28th, 2013




Visitor Sightings

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  Carol Rupp

Location: Maple Grove

It landed at my patio fountain. Looked to be a juvenile.

  Ramona Abrego

Location: Forest Lake

Captive bird – Wildlife Science Center

Peregrine Falcon  
  Carol Peckskamp

Location: Elk River, MN

Want  to watch the birds nest and grow young )







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