whitetail deer

(Odocoileus virginianus)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

whitetail deer

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common and widespread

Habitat

Prairies, forests, swamps, wood lots, agricultural fields.

Lifespan

2 to 10 years

Size

Total length: 71 to 84¾

Tail: 11 to 14

Photo by Christa Rittberg
 
Identification

The tail is wide and ends in a black tip. There is no rump patch around the tail. When the animal runs the tail stands erect.

On males the antlers develop on a main beam that grows forward. Branches on the antlers are either unbranched prongs, or prongs with minor branches. They do not split equally.

The males are about 20% larger than the females.

 
Sign In the winter scat is a pile of pelets. In the summer, when there is more moisture in the diet, the pellets bunch up into larger masses. Fresh scat is dark and shiny. After a few days it loses the sheen. It lightens in color as it ages.
 
Similar
Species

Isolated occurances of mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) in Minnesota have been reported. The mule deer has much larger ears. There is a white rump patch around the tail. The tail is thinner than the tail of the whitetailed deer, and ends in a black tip. When the animal runs the tail hangs down. On males the antlers develop on a main beam that grows upward, rather than forward. Each branch of the antlers are split into a forked pair.

 
Food

Leaves, twigs, shoots, acorns, berries, and seeds, grasses, and herbs.

 
Life Cycle

 

 
Behavior

 

 
Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 7, 13, 15, 24, 29.

The range of Dakota whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus dacotensis) extends into western and northwestern Minnesota.

The range of Kansas whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus macrourus) extends into southern Minnesota to about the Minnesota River Valley.

Northern whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus borealis) are found in the northeast, north-central, central, metro, and southeast regions of the state.

 
Comments

 

 
Taxonomy

Order:

Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

 

Suborder:

Cetruminantia (ruminants, whales, and hippos)

 

No Rank:

Ruminantiamorpha

 

Infraorder:

Pecora

 

Family:

Cervidae (deer)

 

Subfamily:

Capreolinae (new world deer)

 

Tribe:

Rangiferini (reindeer and new world deer)

 
Subordinate Taxa

northern white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus borealis)

Carmen Mountains white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus carminis)

Key deer (Odocoileus virginianus clavium)

Coues white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus couesi)

Dakota white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus dacotensis)

Hilton Head Island white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus hiltonensis)

Columbian white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus leucurus)

Kansas white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus macrourus)

Avery Island white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus mcilhennyi)

Blackbeard Island white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus nigribarbis)

northwestern white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus ochrourus)

Florida coastal white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus osceola)

Florida white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus seminolus)

Bull Island white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus taurinsulae)

Texas white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus texanus)

Hunting Island white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus venatorius)

Virginia white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus virginianus)

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

deer

Virginia deer

whitetail

white-tailed deer

whitetail deer

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
Visitor Photos
   
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Dan W. Andree
       

Whitetail buck last Spring...

While out in some woods not far from a small creek in rural Norman County, Mn. during the Spring of 2019 I noticed a large deer browsing a distance away. I could only make out parts of the deer due to brush and trees blocking the view. I could tell the body size was rather large but that was it.

I was down wind from it so I tried to get closer to get a better look since there was ample trees branches and foliage etc. blocking my view. I managed to get to an opening and noticed the buck watching me so I aimed my camera at him and took the photo. By deer hunting season this buck may have a fairly impressive full rack of antlers. I had this buck encounter June 17, 2019.

  whitetail deer    
       

FAWN PORTRAIT...

It had a few green plant seeds stuck on it. One on the forehead and a couple on the body front area. Since they are a little bigger they seem to get around more and one needs to watch in out of the way areas or backroads one never knows when one could spook and dart out in front of a vehicle. They are cute that is for sure.

  whitetail deer    
       

Whitetail deer fawns...

They were very cute!

  whitetail deer  
       
Margot Avey
       
  whitetail deer   whitetail deer
       
  whitetail deer    
       
Lynn Rubey
       

A Whitetail fawn stiopped to look at us as we stopped in The Big Stone Lake State Park Bonanza area.

  whitetail deer    
       

The Whitetail fawn seeing what is making some unexpected noise....children.

  whitetail deer    
       

The Whitetail fawn frolicking in the woods before stopping to look at other noises in the deeper wooded area of The Big Stone Lake State Park Bonanza area.

  whitetail deer    
       

A Whitetail doe at sunset in The Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge pausing for a few moments before taking flight.

  whitetail deer    
       

A White Tail Deer at sunset in the Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge.

  whitetail deer    
       
Dan W. Andree
       

FAWN PORTRAIT...

It had a few green plant seeds stuck on it. One on the forehead and a couple on the body front area. Since they are a little bigger they seem to get around more and one needs to watch in out of the way areas or backroads one never knows when one could spook and dart out in front of a vehicle. They are cute that is for sure.

  whitetail deer    
       

Whitetail deer fawns...

They were very cute!

  whitetail deer  
       
Kirk Nelson
       

Bruce Vento Nature Sanctuary

  Bruce Vento Nature Sanctuary    
       

Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge, Long Meadow Lake Unit
Doe and fawn, just off the Bluff Trail

  whitetail deer    
       

Crosby Farm Regional Park
Whitetail deer can be seen throughout the park. I saw this buck near the parking area at Shepard Road and Elway.

  whitetail deer   whitetail deer
       

Fort Snelling State Park
Resting deer seemed unconcerned that I was only 10-12 yards away

  whitetail deer    
       
Christa Rittberg
       
  whitetail deer   whitetail deer
       
  whitetail deer   whitetail deer
       
Wayne Rasmussen
       
  whitetail deer    
       
Bill Reynolds
       

Caught this deer working along a backyard in the city of Duluth.

  whitetail deer    

       
       
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

Fawns

  whitetail deer   whitetail deer
       
  whitetail deer   whitetail deer
       

Sign

  whitetail deer   whitetail deer
       
  whitetail deer    
  This blue urine spot is a sign of deer browsing on common buckthorn.    
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Bill Keim
 
  White-tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus)  
     
  Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer)
Allen Chartier
 
  Odocoileus virginianus (White-tailed Deer)  
     
  Deer
Craig A. Mullenbach
 
  Deer  

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
   
Share your video of this mammal.
 

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Dan W. Andree
       
  Whitetail doe
Published on Jan 16, 2015
 
   
 
About

A curious doe in early spring. It looks like she is not that far away from giving birth to fawns.

   
       
  Fawn
Published on Feb 18, 2015
 
   
 
About

While filming out in the woods I came across a fawn that first ran off then came back. I stood quietly with my camcorder ready as it approached so close I had to stop filming it and just enjoy it's closeness.

   
       
       
Other Videos
 
  White Tailed Deer (Odocoileus virginianus)
Andrew Baita
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Aug 23, 2010

some deer Odocoileus virginianus shot with a canon t1i in 720p

   
       
  Whitetail Deer (Cervidae: Odocoileus virginianus) Antlered Males
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Aug 2, 2010

Photographed west of the Agassiz NWR, Minnesota (02 August 2010). This one's for you, Floydstinkyboy. ;-)

   
       
  White-tailed deer - Odocoileus virginianus - YouTube
JCVdude
 
   
 
About

Published on Aug 20, 2012

The white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus), also known as the Virginia deer or simply as the whitetail, is a medium-sized deer native to the United States (all but five of the states), Canada, Mexico, Central America, and South America as far south as Peru. It has also been introduced to New Zealand and some countries in Europe, such as Finland, Czech Republic, and Serbia. In the Americas, it is the most widely distributed wild ungulate.

In North America, the species is most common east of the Rocky Mountains, and is absent from much of the western United States, including Nevada, Utah, California, Hawaii, and Alaska.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/White-tailed_deer

   
       
  Whitetail deer rut behavior
EEItony
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Nov 13, 2010

A white-tailed deer buck (Odocoileus virginianus) demonstrating typical rutting behavior by rubbing on tree branches and creating a scrape with its front hooves. Visit www.eagleeyeimaging.net to view images of white-tailed deer and other wildlife.

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   
Report a sighting of this mammal.
This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.

Margot Avey
8/20/2019

Location: Westwood Hills Nature Center

whitetail deer


Lynn Rubey
8/3/2019

Location: The Big Stone Lake State Park

The Whitetail fawn frolicking in the woods before stopping to look at other noises in the deeper wooded area of The Big Stone Lake State Park Bonanza area.

whitetail deer


Lynn Rubey
8/3/2019

Location: Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge

A Whitetail doe at sunset in The Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge pausing for a few moments before taking flight.

whitetail deer


Margot Avey
4/19/2019

Location: Westwood Hills Nature Center

whitetail deer


Lynn Rubey
1/1/2019

Location: Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge

A White Tail Deer at sunset in the Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge.

whitetail deer


Kirk Nelson
8/11/2018

Location: Bruce Vento Nature Sanctuary

whitetail deer


Dan W. Andree
8/5/2018

Location: rural Norman Co. MN

They were very cute!

whitetail deer


Kirk Nelson
8/20/2017

Location: Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge, Long Meadow Lake Unit

Doe and fawn, just off the Bluff Trail

whitetail deer


Kirk Nelson
6/30/2017

Location: Crosby Farm Regional Park

Whitetail deer can be seen throughout the park. I saw this buck near the parking area at Shepard Road and Elway.

whitetail deer


Wayne Rasmussen
5/31/2016

Location: Gull Lake, MN

whitetail deer


Kirk Nelson
5/8/2014

Location: Fort Snelling State Park

Resting deer seemed unconcerned that I was only 10-12 yards away

whitetail deer


Margot Avey
3/27/2011

Location: Westwood Hills Nature Center

whitetail deer


Bill Reynolds
7/4/2005

Location: St. Louis Co.

Caught this deer working along a backyard in the city of Duluth.

whitetail deer


     
     
 
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