Glacial Lakes Preserve






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The Nature Conservancy








This tract was acquired 12/23/2013 through funding provided by the state of Minnesota’s Outdoor Heritage Fund. The fund was created on November 4, 2008, as part of the Clean Water, Land and Legacy Amendment to the Minnesota constitution, and is funded by the state sales tax.




The forested sections of this site were originally oak savanna. Since acquisition in 2013, most, if not all, of the basswood-bur oak forest has been cleared of underbrush. Trees other than oak have been cut down and piled for future burning or removal. A fire break has been cleared through wetland along much of the west and north boundary, making these areas much more accessible to visitors.










Printable Map(s) with GPS coordinates

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97 acres




N45 32.669, W95 32.019


Driving Directions

  Area and County  

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          Pope County  
          Northwest Minnesota  

Hiking Trails


No maintained trails




All hunting and trapping. See Hunting and Trapping Regulations (MN DNR) for details.


Ecological Classification

  Ecological Classification  
  Ecological Province    

Prairie Parkland Province

  Ecological Section    

North Central Glaciated Plains

  Ecological Subsection    

Minnesota River Prairie

  Land Type Association    

Gilchrist Moraine


Native Plant Communities*


Basswood - Bur Oak - (Green Ash) Forest

Dry Hill Oak Savanna (Southern)

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern)

Prairie Extremely Rich Fen

Rich Fen (Mineral Soil)

Seepage Meadow/Carr

  * Source: The Minnesota Biological Survey, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources      

Natural Features








Waterproof footwear recommended

About 44 acres of this 97-acre site are wetland. Waterproof boots are recommended if venturing into these wetlands.

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    Glacial Lakes Preserve   Glacial Lakes Preserve  

Basswood - Bur Oak - (Green Ash) Forest

    Glacial Lakes Preserve   Glacial Lakes Preserve  
    Glacial Lakes Preserve      

Seepage Meadow/Carr

    Glacial Lakes Preserve      






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  boreal chorus frog (Pseudacris maculata)   boreal chorus frog  



One bird species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:

Special Concern

Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)


American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Belted Kingfisher (Megaceryle alcyon)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)

Common Grackle (Quiscalus quiscula)

Downy Woodpecker (Dryobates pubescens)

Eastern Bluebird (Sialia sialis)

Eastern Phoebe (Sayornis phoebe)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Great Horned Owl (Bubo virginianus)

Hairy Woodpecker (Leuconotopicus villosus)

Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus)

Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)

Red-shouldered Hawk (Buteo lineatus)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Rock Pigeon (Columba livia)

Sandhill Crane (Antigone canadensis tabida)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda)

White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker (Sphyrapicus varius)


Black-capped Chickadee

Blue Jay

Canada Goose


Mourning Dove

Red-winged Blackbird

White-breasted Nuthatch


Fungi and Lichens


Artist’s Conk (Ganoderma applanatum)

Black Knot (Apiosporina morbosa)

False Tinder Fungus (Phellinus igniarius)

Scarlet Cup (Sarcoscypha austriaca)

Turkey Tail (Trametes versicolor)

  Scarlet Cup  

Insects and Arachnids


goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

tricolored bumble bee (Bombus ternarius)

willow pinecone gall midge (Rabdophaga strobiloides)

  willow pinecone gall midge  



plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

  whitetail deer  



Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas and Minnesota Biological Survey Vegetation Releves Plant List


Plants frequently found in:

Basswood - Bur Oak - (Green Ash) Forest MHs38b

Dry Hill Oak Savanna (Southern) UPs14c

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Southern) UPs13b

Prairie Extremely Rich Fen OPp93

Rich Fen (Mineral Soil) OPp91a

Seepage Meadow/Carr WMs83a



absinthe wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)

American common reed (Phragmites australis ssp. americanus)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

broad-leaved cattail (Typha latifolia)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa)

catnip (Nepeta cataria)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

Dutchman’s breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata)

gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans)

late goldenrod (Solidago altissima)

little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium)

narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia)

northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)

Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

showy goldenrod species complex (Solidago speciosa complex)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

sugar maple (Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum)

swamp thistle (Cirsium muticum)

Virginia mountain mint (Pycnanthemum virginianum)

Virginia waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum)

Virginia wildrye (Elymus virginicus)

western marbleseed (Lithospermum occidentale)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

yellow foxtail (Setaria pumila ssp. pumila)

yellow marsh marigold (Caltha palustris var. palustris)


Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum (sugar maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Alliaria petiolata (garlic mustard)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Artemisia absinthium (absinthe wormwood)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Caltha palustris var. palustris (yellow marsh marigold)

Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)

Cirsium muticum (swamp thistle)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman’s breeches)

Elymus virginicus (Virginia wildrye)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum (Virginia waterleaf)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca (common motherwort)

Lithospermum occidentale (western marbleseed)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Nepeta cataria (catnip)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Phragmites australis ssp. americanus (American common reed)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Pycnanthemum virginianum (Virginia mountain mint)

Quercus macrocarpa (bur oak)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Schizachyrium scoparium (little bluestem)

Setaria pumila ssp. pumila (yellow foxtail)

Solidago altissima (late goldenrod)

Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Solidago speciosa complex (showy goldenrod species complex)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)

Typha latifolia (broad-leaved cattail)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Verbena stricta (hoary vervain)

Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)


absinthe wormwood

bur oak (var. macrocarpa)


common evening primrose

common yarrow

Dutchman’s breeches

hoary vervain

red osier dogwood

swamp thistle

Virginia waterleaf

yellow marsh marigold







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