Scarlet Cup

(Sarcoscypha austriaca)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

Scarlet Cup

NatureServe

not listed

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common and widespread

Season

Early spring

Habitat/Hosts

Hardwood forests. Willow (Salix), maple (Acer), locust (Robinia), and speckled alder. Dead twigs and branches of hardwood trees; often in leaf litter and appearing as if growing on the ground.


Identification

This common mushroom is one of the first splashes of color to be seen in early spring in eastern hardwood forests. It is found solitary or in groups on buried or fallen hardwood twigs and branches.

A stalk is usually present. When present, it is up to 1½ long, to ¼ thick, minutely hairy, white and tapered, wider at the top than at the base. The length of the stalk depends on how deeply the wood on which it is growing is buried.

The cap is more or less cup-shaped and ¾ to 2¾ wide. The upper side is bright red and hairless. It sometimes fades to reddish-orange and becomes wrinkled, especially near the center, with age. The underside is pinkish to whitish, downy, and covered with minute, elaborately twisted and curved hairs. The character of the hairs can only be seen with a microscope. The margin is curved inward and often becomes tattered with age. There is no fringe of dark hairs on the margin.

The flesh is thin, rubbery, and whitish.

The spore print is white.

 
Similar
Species

Scarlet Cup (Sarcoscypha coccinea) is identical in appearance and can only be distinguished by observing microscopic features. However, its range is restricted to California and the Pacific northwest.

Sarcoscypha dudleyi (no common name) is identical in appearance and can only be distinguished by observing microscopic features. The hairs in the underside of the cap are straight or only slightly curved.


Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 4, 7, 24, 26, 29, 30.

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas (Bell Museum of Natural History) and the United States National Fungus Collections (BPI) contains no records of Sarcoscypha austriaca but many records of Sarcoscypha coccinea. However, MushroomExpert.com, David Arora’s Mushrooms Demystified, and Mushrooms of Northeast North America all state that the range of the latter species is restricted to California and the Pacific northwest.

The map at left includes Sarcoscypha coccinea records from the Bell Herbarium and BPI.


Comments

Sarcoscypha austriaca is a species complex that includes both Sarcoscypha austriaca, Sarcoscypha coccinea, and Sarcoscypha dudleyi. The two can be distinguished only by microscopic examination of the spores.


Taxonomy

Division:

Ascomycota (sac fungi)

 

No Rank:

saccharomyceta

 

Subdivision:

Pezizomycotina

 

Class:

Pezizomycetes (apothecial fungi)

 

Order:

Pezizales (cup fungi)

 

Family:

Sarcoscyphaceae

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

Scarlet Cup

Scarlet Elf Cap

Scarlet Elfcup


 

 

 

 

 

 

       

Visitor Photos

   
Share your photo of this fungi or lichen.

Bonnie Kleist


  Scarlet Cup    

Garrett Knabe


Found some growing out in the woodlands

  Scarlet Cup    

Mike Bezdicek


I found two today in brown county.

  Scarlet Cup    
       

This time, this Scarlet Elf cap Was found in Minneopa State Park, blue earth county.

  Scarlet Cup    

       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   
  Scarlet Cup   Scarlet Cup
       
  Scarlet Cup    
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Scarlet Elf Cup Fungus (Sarcoscypha spp.)
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Scarlet Elf Cup Fungus (Sarcoscypha spp.)  
     
  Ohnivec rakouský Sarcoscypha austriaca
Jiří Laštůvka - Kudláček
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Feb 3, 2011

No description available.

 
     

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
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Other Videos

 
     
  Ohnivec rakúsky /Sarcoscypha austriaca/
ITVRAJEC
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Apr 12, 2009

Huba

 
     
  Scarlet elf cup (Sarcoscypha coccinea) - 2013-02-09
W3stlander
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 11, 2013

Sarcoscypha coccinea, commonly known as the scarlet elf cup, or the scarlet cup, is a species of fungus in the Sarcoscyphaceae family of the Pezizales order.

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Rode kelkzwam (Sarcoscypha coccinea). Geflimd in het Staelduinse bos in 's-Gravenzande. Twee wandelaars die mij rond zagen scharrelen met een camera gaven me de tip om te gaan kijken in de buurt van de bunkers. Dank voor de tip!

51.97198 4.17877

 
     
  Foraging: Scarlet Elf Cups
Cody Osborn
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 20, 2014

If anyone has anymore info about this mushroom please share below.

 
     

 

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Visitor Sightings

   
Share your sighting of this fungi or lichen.

Bonnie Kleist
2/22/2017

Location: Good Thunder, MN

Scarlet Cup


Jessica Hibl
4/23/2016

Location: Maplewood State Park, Ottertail County

We took the woodland trail that is an easy hike for my 6 year old. I bet we saw close to 60 or 70 along this short trail and that was just within eye sight of the trail. It was a fun adventure trying to see who could find the biggest. On one 6 foot branch alone there were probably 20 bright scarlet cups growing.


Garrett Knabe
4/16/2016

Location: Isanti, Minnesota

Found some growing out in the woodlands

Scarlet Cup


Mike Bezdicek
5/2/2014

Location: brown county

I found two today in brown county.

Scarlet Cup


Mike Bezdicek
4/30/2014

Location: Minneopa State Park, blue earth county

This time, this Scarlet Elf cap Was found in Minneopa State Park, blue earth county.

Scarlet Cup


     
     
 

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