narrow-leaved cattail

(Typha angustifolia)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

narrow-leaved cattail

NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

OBL - Obligate wetland

Midwest

OBL - Obligate wetland

Northcentral & Northeast

OBL - Obligate wetland

Weed Status

None (see Comments below)

Nativity

Native

Occurrence

 

Habitat

Moist to wet. Marshes, ditches. Full sun.

Flowering

June to July

     
Flower Color

Brown

     
Height

3 to 9

     

Identification

This is a 3 to 9 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises on a single stem or cluster of stems from a thick, mostly horizontal, unbranched rhizome. It grows in muddy soil, often with its roots underwater.

The stems are erect, stiff, unbranched, light green, hairless, and round in cross section. They are 3 16 to ½ thick in the middle, 1 16 to thick near the inflorescence.

The leaves are mostly basal, alternate, green, and linear. They are slightly concave on the upper side, convex on the underside. They are to ½ wide, usually rising well above the flowering spike. They sheath the stem at the base and taper to a sharp point at the tip. They have parallel veins but do not have a prominent midrib. When fresh they are not glaucous.

The inflorescence is a dense spike of minute staminate (male) and pistillate (female) flowers at the end of the stem.

The staminate-flowered portion of the spike is above and separated by a ½ to 4¾ long length of naked stem from the pistillate-flowered portion. When in flower it is thick and about as long as the pistillate portion. The male flowers are straw-colored to medium brown.

The pistillate-flowered portion of the spike is 2 to 8 long and 3 16 to ¼ thick when in flower. When in fruit it is brown and ½ to thick. The female flowers are dark brown at first, drying medium brown.

The fruit is a thin-walled achene with hairs attached.

 
Similar
Species

Broad-leaved cattail (Typha latifolia) has broader, green to grayish-blue leaves that are up to 1 wide, flat, and extend only slightly above the flowering spike. The staminate spike of the flowering stalk is contiguous with, not separated from, the pistillate spike. When in fruit, the pistillate spike is 1 to 1¼ thick.

In places where both species occur broad-leaved cattail hybridizes with narrow-leaved cattail producing plants with characteristics that are intermediate between the two parent species.


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 22, 28.

Comments

Invasive or Not?
Though this is a native to the state some people consider it an invasive species. They argue that where it is introduced it soon crowds out other native species, often creating a monoculture. Neither the Minnesota Department of Agriculture nor the Minnesota DNR consider this an invasive species.


Taxonomy

Family:

Typhaceae (cat-tail)

 

Subfamily:

Typheae

 
Synonyms

Typha angustifolia var. calumetensis

Typha angustifolia var. elongata

 
Common
Names

bulrushes

cat o’nine tails

cattail

Cossack asparagus

lesser reed-mace

nail-rod

narrow-leaf cat-tail

narrowleaf cattail

narrow-leaved cattail

reed mace

rushes

small reed-mace


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

achene

A dry, one-chambered, single-seeded fruit, formed from a single carpel, with the seed attached to the membranous outer layer (wall) only by the seed stalk; the wall, formed entirely from the wall of the superior ovary, does not split open at maturity, but relies on decay or predation to release the contents.

 

glaucous

Pale green or bluish gray due to a whitish, powdery or waxy film, as on a plum or a grape.

 

rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

 

sheath

The lower part of the leaf that surrounds the stem

       

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  narrow-leaved cattail   narrow-leaved cattail
       
  narrow-leaved cattail    
       

Inflorescence

  narrow-leaved cattail   narrow-leaved cattail
       
       
       

 

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  Lesser Bulrush (Typha Angustifolia L.) - 2012-06-23
W3stlander
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 25, 2012

Typha angustifolia L., ( also Lesser Bulrush or Narrowleaf Cattail or Lesser Reedmace), is a perennial herbaceous plant of genus Typha.

---------------
De kleine lisdodde (Typha angustifolia) is een plant uit de lisdoddefamilie (Typhaceae).

 
     
  Narrow Leaf Cattail in Minnesota
Go Nutrient Negative!
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Aug 1, 2011

Narrow Leaf Cattail in Minnesota requires a respond from the Minnesota DNR

 
     
  House Environment and Natural Resources Policy Committee 2/26/13
MNHouseInfo
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 26, 2013

00:18 - Gavel.

00:40 - HF461 (Benson) Mechanical control of hybrid and narrow-leaved cattail rulemaking allowed without an aquatic plant management permit.

35:45 - HF657 (Hackbarth) Spearing restrictions removed from lakes.

1:03:25 - HF896 (Persell) Requiring the installation of electric fish barriers.

Runs 1 hour, 49 minutes.

 
     
  Cattail and Bulrush part 2
jodajean1
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 28, 2012

A comparison between narrowleaf cattail and common cattail as well as a comparison between hardsterm bulrush and great bulrush.

 
     

 

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