Cedar Mountain SNA

 

 

     
 
About
 
 

Ownership

 
 

Minnesota DNR logo

 
     
 

Links

 
 

Minnesota DNR

 
     
 

Overview

 
 

The northernmost part of the SNA is in the Mississippi River floodplain. It contains a silver maple floodplain forest and two shallow lakes. South of the lakes, at the western edge of the SNA, trees and shrubs have been removed to re-establish a rock outcrop prairie. South of the floodplain forest is a mature basswood-bur oak forest and a sliver of dry, rock outcrop prairie. The three islands in the River Warren are now knobs of bedrock outcrop in this section. The knobs contain unique rock types and rare plant species. The lower, middle section of the SNA is mostly mesic prairie and a very small rock outcrop prairie. The south section is more basswood bur-oak forest. Wabasha Creek separates this section from 320th Street on the south border of the SNA.

 
     
 

History

 
 

During the last ice age eleven thousand years ago the Laurentide Ice Sheet covered all of what is now Minnesota except for the driftless area in the southeast and the inner coteau in the southwest. As the glacier retreated, meltwater flowing off of the Des Moines Lobe formed Glacial Lake Agassiz. The lake drained to the southeast through Glacial River Warren. Where it flowed through this part of Redwood County the river was over 1½ miles wide and covered almost all of this SNA. Only three tiny islands remained above water. On March 15, 2005, 317 acres of prairie, oak woodland, and floodplain forest in Redwood County was designated Cedar Mountain Scientific and Natural Area.

 
     
 

Management

 
 

A 1938 aerial photo shows that the northwest section of this site was open prairie. Fire suppression over the following eight decades allowed woody species to encroach to the extent that a 2012 aerial photo (Google Earth) shows the same area mostly forested. In 2013 the Minnesota Biological Survey labeled the area basswood - bur oak - (green ash) forest. In order to re-establish a prairie on the site, returning it to its pre-settlement condition, most of the trees and shrubs in this area have been removed. At the south end of the SNA there are small prairie openings on the south-facing slopes. The Minnesota DNR is considering “some tree cutting and reintroduction of fire to bring them back to a more natural state.”

 
     
 

Comments

 
 

 

 
     
 
Location
 
 

Maps

 
 

 

 
         
 

Printable Map(s) with GPS coordinates

 
  Printable map      
         
 

Size

 
 

317 acres

 
         
 

Parking

 
 

Parking lot
N44 30.434, W94 53.450

 
         
 

Driving Directions

  Area and County  
 

Get driving directions from Google Maps to this destination from any address, and send those directions to your phone.

   
          Redwood County  
          Southwest Minnesota  
     
 
Activities
 
 

Hiking Trails

 
 

No maintained trails

 
     
 

Hunting

 
 

Deer only, by archery. See Hunting and Trapping Regulations (MN DNR) for details.

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Ecological Classification

  Ecological Classification  
  Ecological Province    

Prairie Parkland Province

   
  Ecological Section    

North Central Glaciated Plains

   
  Ecological Subsection    

Minnesota River Prairie

   
  Land Type Association    

Milan Alluvial Plain

   
             
 

Native Plant Communities*

   
 

Basswood - Bur Oak - (Green Ash) Forest

Crystalline Bedrock Outcrop (Prairie): Minnesota River Subtype

Mesic Prairie (Southern)

Rock Outcrop - Dry Prairie Complex

Silver Maple - (Virginia Creeper) Floodplain Forest

Spikerush - Bur Reed Marsh (Prairie)

Wet Prairie (Southern)

   
  * Source: The Minnesota Biological Survey, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources      
         
 

Natural Features

     
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

           
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

Parking

 
    Cedar Mountain SNA   Cedar Mountain SNA  
           
 

Cedar Mountain WMA is adjacent to the site.

 
    Cedar Mountain SNA      
           
 

Wood Routed Sign

 
    Cedar Mountain SNA      
           
 

Wabasha Creek

 
    Cedar Mountain SNA   Cedar Mountain SNA  
           
 

Basswood - Bur Oak - (Green Ash) Forest

 
    Cedar Mountain SNA   Cedar Mountain SNA  
           
 

Crystalline Bedrock Outcrop

 
    Cedar Mountain SNA   Cedar Mountain SNA  
           
 

Rock Outcrop - Dry Prairie Complex

 
    Cedar Mountain SNA   Cedar Mountain SNA  
           
 

Mesic Prairie (Southern)

 
    Cedar Mountain SNA  
           
    Cedar Mountain SNA   Cedar Mountain SNA  
           
 

Woodland species were removed and a prairie was being re-established (2015) on the northeast section.

 
    Cedar Mountain SNA  
           
 

Shallow Lake

 
    Cedar Mountain SNA      

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
 
     
     

 

slideshow

       
 
Visitor Videos
 
       
 

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Other Videos
 
  Clearing Cedar Rock SNA
Dale Bohlke
 
   
 
About

This video shows the intense labor needed to restore land to its original vegetation after decades of fire suppression. Cedar removal is just one step in a process that will take years to complete. In undiisturbed soil prairie plants have been dormant and will slowly rejuvenate. One might say this is an example of "tough love"

   

 

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

Visits

8/3/2010

  5/31/2015            
 
 

Amphibians

 
  northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens)   northern leopard frog  
 

Birds

 
 

Three bird species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:

Threatened

Wilson’s Phalarope (Phalaropus tricolor)

Special Concern

American White Pelican (Pelecanus erythrorhynchos)

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)

 
 

Minnesota DNR Bird checklist

eBird Field Checklist

 
 

American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos)

American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis)

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Common Yellowthroat (Geothlypis trichas)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Eastern Wood-peewee (Contopus virens)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus)

House Wren (Troglodytes aedon)

Killdeer (Charadrius vociferus)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Northern Rough-winged Swallow (Stelgidopteryx serripennis)

Orchard Oriole (Icterus spurius)

Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Rose-breasted Grosbeak (Pheucticus ludovicianus)

Ruby-throated Hummingbird (Archilochus colubris)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys)

Wood Duck (Aix sponsa)

Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia)

 

American Goldfinch

Blue Jay

Brown-headed Cowbird

Gray Catbird

Mourning Dove

Northern Cardinal

Ruby-throated Hummingbird

White-crowned Sparrow

 
 

Fungi and Lichens

 
 

One lichen species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:

Endangered

Black Disc Lichen (Buellia nigra)

 
 

Artist’s Conk (Ganoderma applanatum)

Black Knot (Apiosporina morbosa)

Oat Crown Rust (Puccinia coronata f. sp. avenae)

True Tinder Polypore (Fomes fomentarius)

Turkey Tail (Trametes versicolor)

  Artist’s Conk  
 

Insects and Arachnids

 
 

Minnesota Bee Atlas

 
 

American dog tick (Dermacentor variabilis)

Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina)

crane fly (Epiphragma fasciapenne)

dog day cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)

ebony jewelwing (Calopteryx maculata)

elm finger gall mite (Aceria parulmi)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

lime nail gall mite (Eriophyes tiliae)

maple bladdergall mite (Vasates quadripedes)

midland clubtail (Gomphurus fraternus)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

orange sulphur (Colias eurytheme)

red admiral (Vanessa atalanta)

viceroy (Limenitis archippus)

western honey bee (Apis mellifera)

white-faced meadowhawk (Sympetrum obtrusum)

widow skimmer (Libellula luctuosa)

 

dog day cicada

ebony jewelwing

lime nail gall mite

viceroy

widow skimmer

 
 

Mammals

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas Mammals List

 
 

American beaver (Castor canadensis)

American red squirrel (Tamiasciurus hudsonicus)

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

  American red squirrel  
 

Plants

 
 

Six plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:

Threatened

disk water-hyssop (Bacopa rotundifolia)

edible valerian (Valeriana edulis var. ciliata)

prairie bush clover (Lespedeza leptostachya)

Special Concern

Oregon woodsia (Woodsia oregana ssp. cathcartiana)

plains prickly pear (Opuntia macrorhiza)

three-stamened waterwort (Elatine triandra)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas and Minnesota Biological Survey Vegetation Releves Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Basswood - Bur Oak - (Green Ash) Forest MHs38b

Crystalline Bedrock Outcrop (Prairie): Minnesota River Subtype ROs12a1

Mesic Prairie (Southern) UPs23a

Silver Maple - (Virginia Creeper) Floodplain Forest FFs68a

Spikerush - Bur Reed Marsh (Prairie) MRp93b

Wet Prairie (Southern) WPs54b

     
 

 

absinth wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)

alsike clover (Trifolium hybridum)

American basswood (Tilia americana var. americana)

American bugleweed (Lycopus americanus)

American cow parsnip (Heracleum sphondylium ssp. montanum)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American germander (Teucrium canadense)

American hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. bracteata)

American hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana)

American lopseed (Phryma leptostachya)

American plum (Prunus americana)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

American stickseed (Hackelia deflexa var. americana)

American vetch (Vicia americana ssp. americana)

American willow herb (Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum)

Aunt Lucy (Ellisia nyctelea)

bastard toadflax (Comandra umbellata ssp. umbellata)

Bell’s honeysuckle (Lonicera × bella)

black bindweed (Fallopia convolvulus)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black walnut (Juglans nigra)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

bracted spiderwort (Tradescantia bracteata)

bristly greenbrier (Smilax tamnoides)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canadian black snakeroot (Sanicula canadensis)

Canadian honewort (Cryptotaenia canadensis)

Canadian horseweed (Conyza canadensis)

Canadian tick-trefoil (Desmodium canadense)

Canadian woodnettle (Laportea canadensis)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

catnip (Nepeta cataria)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common agrimony (Agrimonia gryposepala)

clustered black snakeroot (Sanicula odorata)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common hop (Humulus lupulus var. lupuloides)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common motherwort (Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

cup plant (Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

cut-leaved coneflower (Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata)

desert false indigo (Amorpha fruticosa)

downy phlox (Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida)

downy yellow violet (Viola pubescens var. pubescens)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

edible valerian (Valeriana edulis var. ciliata)

field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

field pennycress (Thlaspi arvense)

field sagewort (Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata)

field sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

giant chickweed (Myosoton aquaticum)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

hairy four o’clock (Mirabilis albida)

hairy hedge nettle (Stachys pilosa var. pilosa)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium ssp. angulata)

hedge mustard (Sisymbrium officinale)

hound’s tongue (Cynoglossum officinale)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

large-flowered beardtongue (Penstemon grandiflorus)

late goldenrod (Solidago altissima)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

limber honeysuckle (Lonicera dioica)

long-leaved bluet (Houstonia longifolia)

long-leaved chickweed (Stellaria longifolia)

mapleleaf goosefoot (Chenopodium simplex)

Missouri gooseberry (Ribes missouriense)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia)

northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)

northern blue flag (Iris versicolor)

northern bugleweed (Lycopus uniflorus var. uniflorus)

northern hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)

northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)

obedient plant (Physostegia virginiana)

peachleaf willow (Salix amygdaloides)

Philadelphia fleabane (Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus)

pineapple-weed (Matricaria discoidea)

pointed-leaved tick-trefoil (Desmodium glutinosum)

prairie alumroot (Heuchera richardsonii)

prairie blue-eyed grass (Sisyrinchium campestre)

prairie onion (Allium stellatum)

prairie peppergrass (Lepidium densiflorum)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prairie sagewort (Artemisia frigida)

prairie turnip (Pediomelum esculentum)

prairie violet (Viola pedatifida var. pedatifida)

purple giant hyssop (Agastache scrophulariifolia)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

rattlesnake fern (Botrypus virginianus)

red baneberry (Actaea rubra ssp. rubra)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa)

rosy sedge (Carex rosea)

round-headed bush clover (Lespedeza capitata)

sandbar willow (Salix interior)

shepherd’s purse (Capsella bursa-pastoris)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

silver maple (Acer saccharinum)

silverleaf scurfpea (Pediomelum argophyllum)

slippery elm (Ulmus rubra)

smooth rose (Rosa blanda var. blanda)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

smooth Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

spotted Joe Pye weed (Eutrochium maculatum)

spotted touch-me-not (Impatiens capensis)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

starry false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum stellatum)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

sun-loving sedge (Carex inops ssp. heliophila)

tall bellflower (Campanulastrum americanum)

tall cinquefoil (Drymocallis arguta)

tall meadow-rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

tall thimbleweed (Anemone virginiana)

tall thistle (Cirsium altissimum)

upright carrionflower (Smilax ecirrhata)

violet wood sorrel (Oxalis violacea)

Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia)

Virginia waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum)

virgin’s bower (Clematis virginiana)

western marbleseed (Lithospermum occidentale)

western ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya)

western tansy mustard (Descurainia pinnata var. brachycarpa)

white campion (Silene latifolia ssp. alba)

white clover (Trifolium repens)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white snakeroot (Ageratina altissima var. altissima)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

wild blue phlox (Phlox divaricata ssp. laphamii)

wild columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota)

wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

winged loosestrife (Lythrum alatum var. alatum)

wolfberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

woolly plantain (Plantago patagonica)

yellow avens (Geum aleppicum)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow wood sorrel (Oxalis stricta)

 

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Acer saccharinum (silver maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Actaea rubra ssp. rubra (red baneberry)

Agastache scrophulariifolia (purple giant hyssop)

Ageratina altissima var. altissima (white snakeroot)

Agrimonia gryposepala (common agrimony)

Allium stellatum (prairie onion)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia psilostachya (western ragweed)

Ambrosia trifida (giant ragweed)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Amorpha fruticosa (desert false indigo)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. bracteata (American hog peanut)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Anemone virginiana (tall thimbleweed)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Aquilegia canadensis (wild columbine)

Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit)

Artemisia absinthium (absinth wormwood)

Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata (field sagewort)

Artemisia frigida (prairie sagewort)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Botrypus virginianus (rattlesnake fern)

Calystegia sepium. ssp. angulata (hedge bindweed)

Campanulastrum americanum (tall bellflower)

Capsella bursa-pastoris (shepherd’s purse)

Carex inops ssp. heliophila (sun-loving sedge)

Carex rosea (rosy sedge)

Celtis occidentalis (northern hackberry)

Chenopodium simplex (mapleleaf goosefoot)

Cirsium altissimum (tall thistle)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Clematis virginiana (virgin’s bower)

Comandra umbellata ssp. umbellata (bastard toadflax)

Conyza canadensis (Canadian horseweed)

Cornus racemosa (gray dogwood)

Cryptotaenia canadensis (Canadian honewort)

Cynoglossum officinale (hound’s tongue)

Descurainia pinnata var. brachycarpa (western tansy mustard)

Desmodium canadense (Canadian tick-trefoil)

Desmodium glutinosum (pointed-leaved tick-trefoil)

Drymocallis arguta (tall cinquefoil)

Ellisia nyctelea (Aunt Lucy)

Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum (American willow herb)

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Erigeron philadelphicus var. philadelphicus (Philadelphia fleabane)

Eutrochium maculatum (spotted Joe Pye weed)

Fallopia convolvulus (black bindweed)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Geum aleppicum (yellow avens)

Glycyrrhiza lepidota (wild licorice)

Hackelia deflexa var. americana (American stickseed)

Heracleum sphondylium ssp. montanum (American cow parsnip)

Heuchera richardsonii (prairie alumroot)

Houstonia longifolia (long-leaved bluet)

Humulus lupulus var. lupuloides (common hop)

Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum (Virginia waterleaf)

Impatiens capensis (spotted touch-me-not)

Iris versicolor (northern blue flag)

Juglans nigra (black walnut)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Laportea canadensis (Canadian woodnettle)

Leonurus cardiaca ssp. cardiaca (common motherwort)

Lepidium densiflorum (prairie peppergrass)

Lespedeza capitata (round-headed bush clover)

Lithospermum occidentale (western marbleseed)

Lonicera × bella (Bell’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera dioica (limber honeysuckle)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lycopus americanus (American bugleweed)

Lycopus uniflorus var. uniflorus (northern bugleweed)

Lythrum alatum var. alatum (winged loosestrife)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Maianthemum stellatum (starry false Solomon’s seal)

Matricaria discoidea (pineapple-weed)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Mirabilis albida (hairy four o’clock)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Myosoton aquaticum (giant chickweed)

Nepeta cataria (catnip)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana (American hophornbeam)

Oxalis stricta (yellow wood sorrel)

Oxalis violacea (violet wood sorrel)

Parthenocissus quinquefolia (Virginia creeper)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Pediomelum argophyllum (silverleaf scurfpea)

Pediomelum esculentum (prairie turnip)

Penstemon grandiflorus (large-flowered beardtongue)

Phlox divaricata ssp. laphamii (wild blue phlox)

Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida (downy phlox)

Phryma leptostachya (American lopseed)

Physostegia virginiana (obedient plant)

Plantago patagonica (woolly plantain)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Polygonatum biflorum var. commutatum (smooth Solomon’s seal)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Prunus americana (American plum)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Ribes missouriense (Missouri gooseberry)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rosa blanda var. blanda (smooth rose)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rudbeckia laciniata var. laciniata (cut-leaved coneflower)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Salix amygdaloides (peachleaf willow)

Salix interior (sandbar willow)

Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa (red elderberry)

Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)

Sanicula canadensis (Canadian black snakeroot)

Sanicula odorata (clustered black snakeroot)

Silene latifolia ssp. alba (white campion)

Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum (cup plant)

Sisymbrium officinale (hedge mustard)

Sisyrinchium campestre (prairie blue-eyed grass)

Smilax ecirrhata (upright carrionflower)

Smilax tamnoides (bristly greenbrier)

Solidago altissima (late goldenrod)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Sonchus arvensis (field sow thistle)

Stachys pilosa var. pilosa (hairy hedge nettle)

Stellaria longifolia (long-leaved chickweed)

Symphoricarpos occidentalis (wolfberry)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Teucrium canadense (American germander)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (tall meadow-rue)

Thlaspi arvense (field pennycress)

Tilia americana var. americana (American basswood)

Tradescantia bracteata (bracted spiderwort)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium hybridum (alsike clover)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens (white clover)

Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Ulmus rubra (slippery elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Valeriana edulis var. ciliata (edible valerian)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Vicia americana ssp. americana (American vetch)

Viola pedatifida var. pedatifida (prairie violet)

Viola pubescens var. pubescens (downy yellow violet)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)

 

alsike clover

American cow parsnip

American germander

American plum

Aunt Lucy

black raspberry

bloodroot

bracted spiderwort

bur oak (var. macrocarpa)

Canada anemone

Canadian tick-trefoil

catnip

common blue violet

common evening primrose

common mullein

common yarrow

cup plant

desert false indigo

edible valerian

field sow thistle

fragrant bedstraw

gray-headed coneflower

hedge bindweed

large-flowered beardtongue

leadplant

Missouri gooseberry

Morrow’s honeysuckle

northern bedstraw

prairie onion

prairie rose

prairie violet

red baneberry

red clover

red elderberry

smooth rose

spotted touch-me-not

tall bellflower

tall cinquefoil

violet wood sorrel

Virginia waterleaf

white clover

white snakeroot

wild columbine

winged loosestrife

yellow goat’s beard

 
 

Reptiles

 
  common garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis)   common garter snake  

 

 

Binoculars


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