tall cinquefoil

(Drymocallis arguta)

Conservation Status
tall cinquefoil
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Tall cinquefoil is a 12 to 40 tall, though usually less than 24 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises from a stout rhizome or branching caudex.

The stems are erect, stout, unbranched below the inflorescence, and covered with brownish, sticky, glandular hairs.

Most of the leaves are basal. Basal leaves are on long, hairy stalks. The are pinnately divided into 7, 9, or 11 leaflets. The leaflets are hairy, inversely egg-shaped with the attachment at the narrow end, and up to 2¾ long. The margins are coarsely toothed around the entire margin, including near the base. The upper and lower surfaces are hairy. Stem leaves are few, often just 1 or 2 leaves on the stem. They are alternate and similar to the basal leaves but smaller and with only 3 or 5 leaflets.

The inflorescence is a flattened, branched cluster of many flowers at the end of the stem.

The flowers are ½ to ¾ wide. The 5 petals are yellowish-white, cream colored, or nearly white. The 5 green sepals are about equal to the petals in length and alternate with the petals. The 5 bractlets are dark green and about as long as the sepals when the flower is fully open. They alternate with the sepals and are hidden below the petals when the flower is viewed from above. There are 20 or more yellow stamens. There is no floral scent.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

12 to 24

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Yellowish-white, cream colored, or nearly white

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Tall cinquefoil is one of only two cinquefoils in Minnesota that have white flowers. The other is Three-toothed Cinquefoil (Potentilla tridentata). The latter plant has leaves divided into three leaflets. Each leaflet has only three teeth.

Sulphur cinquefoil (Potentilla recta) leaves are palmately divided into 5 or 7 leaflets. The flowers are always pale yellow, never white.

 
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Dry to moderate moisture. Prairies.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

June to July

 
     
 

Pests and Diseases

 
 

 

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28, 30.

 
  10/22/2021      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (dicots)  
  Subclass Rosidae  
  Superorder Rosanae  
 

Order

Rosales (roses, elms, figs, and allies)  
 

Family

Rosaceae (rose)  
  Subfamily Rosoideae  
  Tribe Potentilleae (strawberries, cinquefoils, and allies)  
  Subtribe Fragariinae  
 

Genus

Drymocallis  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

 

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Drymocallis agrimonioides

Geum agrimonioides

Potentilla arguta ssp. arguta

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

prairie cinquefoil

tall cinquefoil

tall potentilla

white cinquefoil

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Bract

Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk, flower cluster, or inflorescence.

 

Bractlet

A small, often secondary bract within an inflorescence; a bract that is borne on a petiole instead of subtending it.

 

Caudex

A short, thickened, woody, persistent enlargement of the stem, at or below ground level, used for water storage.

 

Glandular hairs

Hairs spread over aerial vegetation that secrete essential oils. The oils act to protect against herbivores and pathogens or, when on a flower part, attract pollinators. The hairs have a sticky or oily feel.

 

Pinnate

Having the leaflets of a compound leaf arranged on opposite sides of a common stalk.

 

Rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

 

Sepal

An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.

 
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

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Nancy Falkum

 
 

Tall Cinquefoil with Bergamot both blooming

 
    tall cinquefoil      
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

Plant

 
    tall cinquefoil      
           
 

Inflorescence

 
    tall cinquefoil   tall cinquefoil  
           
    tall cinquefoil      
           
 

Flowers

 
    tall cinquefoil      
           
 

Leaf

 
    tall cinquefoil   tall cinquefoil  
           
 

Stem

 
    tall cinquefoil      
           
 

Infructescence

 
    tall cinquefoil      

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
Potentilla arguta PRAIRIE CINQUEFOIL
Frank Mayfield
  Potentilla arguta PRAIRIE CINQUEFOIL  

 

slideshow

       
 
Visitor Videos
 
       
 

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Other Videos
 
     
     
     

 

Camcorder

 
 
Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

Report a sighting of this plant.

 
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  Nancy Falkum
7/22/2021

Location: Kellogg Weaver Dunes SNA, Weaver Dunes Unit

Tall Cinquefoil with Bergamot both blooming

tall cinquefoil  
           
 
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