Frenchman’s Bluff SNA

               
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Area and County

Norman County

 

 

 


Size

52 acres (Minnesota DNR)

50 acres (The Nature Conservancy)

Printable map
 
Maps

Printable Map with GPS coordinates

 
Parking

N47 11.687, W96 10.405

 
Hiking Trails

No maintained trails

 
Hunting

No hunting


Ecological Classification

Province

Prairie Parkland Province

Ecological Classification

Section

Red River Valley

Subsection(s)

Red River Prairie

Land Type Association(s)

Flom Till Plain

 
Native Plant Communities1

Bur Oak - Aspen Forest

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Northern)

Mesic Prairie (Northern)


Ownership The Nature Conservancy logo    
 
Links

Minnesota DNR

The Nature Conservancy


Comments

Overview
The Nature Conservancy owns the land at Frenchman’s Bluff and leases it back to the Minnesota DNR. The site is 52 acres of glacial moraine overlooking the Red River Valley/Glacial Lake Agassiz basin. It includes an abandoned quarry near the parking area. There is a 5½ acre section of bur oak - aspen forest at the northeast corner. The understory in this section includes a dense shrub layer. While not impenetrable, passage through this area is difficult at best. There is another, smaller forested section south of the quarry. The rest of the preserve is dry sand - gravel prairie and mesic prairie.

Hiking Trails
A well-worn footpath leads a short distance from the parking area to the north rim of the quarry and then disappears. There are no other trails.


Visits

8/17/2010

8/2/2013

   

 

 

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Parking

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Wood Routed Sign

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Quarry

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Bur Oak - Aspen Forest

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Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Northern)

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Mesic Prairie (Northern)

  Frenchman’s Bluff SNA   Frenchman’s Bluff SNA
       

View from the Bluff

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Visitor Observations

   
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations

   

Birds

Two bird species with conservation status in Minnesota have been seen here:

 

Special concern

Greater Prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus cupido)

Lark Sparrow (Chondestes grammacus)

 
 

Minnesota DNR Bird checklist

 
 

American Goldfinch (Carduelis tristis)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)

Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Yellow Warbler (Setophaga petechia aestiva)

American Goldfinch

Blue Jay

Brown Thrasher


Fungi and Lichens

Black Knot (Apiosporina morbosa)

Black Knot


Insects and Arachnids

Two insect species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:

 

Endangered

Dakota skipper (Hesperia dacotae)

Powesheik skipperling (Oarisma powesheik)

 
 

common wood nymph (Cercyonis pegala)

dog day cicada (Neotibicen canicularis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

dog day cicada


Mammals

One mammal species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:

 

Special concern

northern grasshopper mouse (Onychomys leucogaster)

 
 

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

plains pocket gopher


Plants

Five plant species with conservation status in Minnesota are found here:

 

Endangered

Frenchman’s Bluff moonwort (Botrychium gallicomontanum)

 

Special concern

blanket flower (Gaillardia aristata)

plains reed grass (Calamagrostis montanensis)

prairie moonwort (Botrychium campestre)

spikeoat (Avenula hookeri)

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas (Bell Museum of Natural History) Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Bur Oak - Aspen Forest FDs36a

Dry Sand - Gravel Prairie (Northern) UPn12b

Mesic Prairie (Northern) UPn23b

 
 

 

alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

American hazel (Corylus americana)

American red raspberry (Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus)

balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

bigfruit hawthorn (Crataegus macrosperma)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

black medick (Medicago lupulina)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

blue giant hyssop (Agastache foeniculum)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

chicory (Cichorium intybus)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

crown vetch (Securigera varia)

Culver’s root (Veronicastrum virginicum)

dotted blazing star (Liatris punctata var. punctata)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

field sagewort (Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata)

Flodman’s thistle (Cirsium flodmanii)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

Great Lakes sand cherry (Prunus pumila var. pumila)

green foxtail (Setaria viridis var. viridis)

grooved yellow flax (Linum sulcatum var. sulcatum)

hairy false goldenaster (Heterotheca villosa)

hairy four o’clock (Mirabilis albida)

harebell (Campanula rotundifolia)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium)

mint-leaved bergamot (Monarda fistulosa var. menthifolia)

narrow-leaved hawkweed (Hieracium umbellatum)

narrow-leaved meadowsweet (Spiraea alba var. alba)

narrow-leaved purple coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia)

northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)

Nuttall’s evening primrose (Oenothera nuttallii)

Nuttall’s little rose (Chamaerhodos erecta)

pale agoseris (Agoseris glauca var. glauca)

Pennsylvania cinquefoil (Potentilla pensylvanica)

pineapple-weed (Matricaria discoidea)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides)

prairie alumroot (Heuchera richardsonii)

prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

prairie larkspur (Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens)

prairie onion (Allium stellatum)

prairie peppergrass (Lepidium densiflorum var. densiflorum)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prairie sagewort (Artemisia frigida)

prairie smoke (Geum triflorum var. triflorum)

purple lovegrass (Eragrostis spectabilis)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

rough blazing star (Liatris aspera)

rush skeletonplant (Lygodesmia juncea)

showy goldenrod (Solidago speciosa)

showy milkweed (Asclepias speciosa)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stiff sunflower (Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus)

tall cinquefoil (Drymocallis arguta)

tall meadow rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)

Tartarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica)

upright carrionflower (Smilax ecirrhata)

western marbleseed (Lithospermum occidentale)

western ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya)

white prairie clover (Dalea candida var. candida)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wolfberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

 

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Agastache foeniculum (blue giant hyssop)

Agoseris glauca var. glauca (pale agoseris)

Allium stellatum (prairie onion)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia psilostachya (western ragweed)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata (field sagewort)

Artemisia dracunculus (tarragon)

Artemisia frigida (prairie sagewort)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias speciosa (showy milkweed)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula (sideoats grama)

Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)

Campanula rotundifolia (harebell)

Carduus acanthoides (plumeless thistle)

Chamaerhodos erecta (Nuttall’s little rose)

Cichorium intybus (chicory)

Cirsium flodmanii (Flodman’s thistle)

Corylus americana (American hazel)

Crataegus macrosperma (bigfruit hawthorn)

Dalea candida var. candida (white prairie clover)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Delphinium carolinianum ssp. virescens (prairie larkspur)

Drymocallis arguta (tall cinquefoil)

Echinacea angustifolia (narrow-leaved purple coneflower)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Eragrostis spectabilis (purple lovegrass)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Geum triflorum var. triflorum (prairie smoke)

Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus (stiff sunflower)

Heterotheca villosa (hairy false goldenaster)

Heuchera richardsonii (prairie alumroot)

Hieracium umbellatum (narrow-leaved hawkweed)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Lepidium densiflorum var. densiflorum (prairie peppergrass)

Liatris aspera (rough blazing star)

Liatris punctata var. punctata (dotted blazing star)

Linum sulcatum var. sulcatum (grooved yellow flax)

Lithospermum occidentale (western marbleseed)

Lonicera tatarica (Tartarian honeysuckle)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Lygodesmia juncea (rush skeletonplant)

Matricaria discoidea (pineapple-weed)

Medicago lupulina (black medick)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Mirabilis albida (hairy four o’clock)

Monarda fistulosa var. menthifolia (mint-leaved bergamot)

Oenothera nuttallii (Nuttall’s evening primrose)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Populus balsamifera (balsam poplar)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla pensylvanica (Pennsylvania cinquefoil)

Prunus pumila var. pumila (Great Lakes sand cherry)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus (American red raspberry)

Schizachyrium scoparium var. scoparium (little bluestem)

Securigera varia (crown vetch)

Setaria viridis var. viridis (green foxtail)

Smilax ecirrhata (upright carrionflower)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Solidago speciosa (showy goldenrod)

Spiraea alba var. alba (narrow-leaved meadowsweet)

Sporobolus heterolepis (prairie dropseed)

Symphoricarpos occidentalis (wolfberry)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (tall meadow rue)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Veronicastrum virginicum (Culver’s root)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

alfalfa

American hazel

bur oak (var. macrocarpa)

chicory

chokecherry

Culver’s root

dotted blazing star

Flodman’s thistle

harebell

leadplant

Nuttall’s evening primrose

prairie larkspur

prairie onion

prairie rose

prairie smoke

purple prairie clover

stiff sunflower (ssp. subrhomboideus)

tall cinquefoil

Tartarian honeysuckle

wild grape

yellow goat’s beard

yellow sweet clover

 


Reptiles

plains garter snake (Thamnophis radix)

plains garter snake


 

 

Binoculars

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