Mourning Dove

(Zenaida macroura)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

Mourning Dove

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNRB - Unranked Breeding and Nonbreeding

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Abundant migrant and breeder

Habitat

Open and semi-open areas; prairie, lightly wooded areas, agricultural and suburban areas.

Size

9 to 13in length

18 wingspan


Identification

This is a medium sized, 9 to 13 long, slender bird with a wingspan of 15 to 18. It weighs 3 to 6 ounces.

The adult male head, neck, breast, and belly are mostly light brown. The top of the head and nape of the neck are bluish gray. The face, throat, and breast have a pinkish tint. The neck feathers have a pink iridescence. The back and upper wings are grayish brown. The rumb is not white. The wings have large black spots. The tail is dark brown or gray, long, and tapered, the inner feathers longer than the outer ones. The 3 outermost tail feathers have white tips bordered by black.

The head is small and rounded. There is a small black spot just below and a little behind the eye. The eyes are dark and are surrounded by blue skin. The beak is short, thin, and dark.

The legs are short and reddish. The feet are reddish with 3 toes forward and one toe back.

The female is similar to the male but less colorful. The top of the head and nape of the neck are olive gray. The face and throat are olive brown. The breast is tan. The neck feathers have an olive green, sometimes with pink, iridescence. The 1 or 2 outermost tail feathers have white tips bordered by black.

On taking flight the wings produce a light, airy whistle and clap at the top and bottom of the stroke.

 
Voice

 

 
Similar
Species

Rock pigeon (Columba livia) is a somewhat larger, much chunkier bird, 11 to 14 long, 9.3 to 13.4 ounces, with a wingspan of 20 to 26. The wings are broader. The tail is square with no white markings. The rump is white.


Food

Seeds

 
Nesting

 

 
Migration

Early March to late November


Comments

Taxonomy
The current subdivision by many of the family Columbidae into five subfamilies has been shown by DNA analysis to be incorrect. For this reason, most sources do not include the subfamily when listing the taxonomic tree for doves.


Taxonomy

Order:

Columbiformes (pigeons and doves)

 

Family:

Columbidae (pigeons and doves)

 
Subordinate Taxa

Caribbean Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura macroura)

Eastern Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura carolinensis)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura clarionensis)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura turturilla)

Western Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura marginella)


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

Visitor Photos

   
Share your photo of this bird.

Joan Rock


Several pictures from the yard.

  Mourning Dove   Mourning Dove
       
  Mourning Dove   Mourning Dove

Tom Baker


  Mourning Dove    

       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   
  Mourning Dove   Mourning Dove
       
  Mourning Dove    
       
       

 

Camera

 

     

Slideshows

   
  Mourning Dove
Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren
 
  Mourning Dove  
     
  Mourning Dove
JMC Nature Photos
 
  Mourning Dove  
     
  Doves
jt893x
 
  Doves  
     
  Mourning Doves
Craig A. Mullenbach
 
  Mourning Doves  
     

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this bird.

     
     

Other Videos

 
  Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura) - Silent
Douglas Welch
 
   
 
About

Published on Jan 28, 2014

From My Word with Douglas E. Welch (http://welchwrite.com/blog)

Shot January 23, 2014 in San Fernando Valley, Van Nuys, Los Angeles, California.

More info on Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura):
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mourning_Dove
http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/mourning_dove/lifehistory
http://www.wbu.com/chipperwoods/photos/mdove.htm

For more wildlife videos, visit this YouTube Playlist:
https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLq5YyRFR-ULJxhksE85Kg_sR2hNUXTb6S

 
     
  Mourning Dove (Columbidae: Zenaida macroura) Singing Male
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Jun 24, 2009

Photographed near Kellys Slough NWR, North Dakota (24 June 2009).

 
     
  Mourning Dove (Columbidae: Zenaida macroura) Nest with Eggs
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on May 15, 2010

Photographed near Fisher, Minnesota (15 May 2010).

 
     
  Mourning Doves - In Love?
MoviesMusicNature
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Apr 25, 2010

I looked out my window and saw these two Mourning Doves having a good time together. I watched them for a few minutes and would have to say that they were either just cleaning one another or courting one another from the things I saw them doing to eachother. For me it is hard to tell a male from a female Mourning Dove so if any of you know if these are a male and female let me know.. I thought it was a beautiful sight to see them so calm together like this. I only wish I had started filming them a little earlier..

The Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura) is a member of the dove family (Columbidae). The bird is also called the Western Turtle Dove or the American Mourning Dove or Rain Dove, and formerly was known as the Carolina Pigeon or Carolina Turtledove. It is one of the most abundant and widespread of all North American birds. It is also the leading gamebird, with up to 70 million birds shot annually in the U.S., both for sport and for meat. Its ability to sustain such pressure stems from its prolific Breeding: in warm areas, one pair may raise up to six broods a year. Its plaintive woo-oo-oo-oo call gives the bird its name. The wings can make an unusual whistling sound upon take-off and landing, and the bird is a strong flier, capable of speeds up to 88 km/h (55 mph).

Mourning Doves are light grey and brown and generally muted in color. Males and females are similar in appearance. The species is generally monogamous, with two squabs (young) per brood. Both parents incubate and care for the young. Mourning Doves eat almost exclusively seeds, but the young are fed crop milk by their parents.

More on Morning Doves:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mourning_Dove

Background music downloaded at Freesound.org and user UncleSigmund
http://www.freesound.org/usersViewSingle.php?id=95609

 
     
  birds usa... mourning dove
groenelantaarn
 
   
 
About

Published on Dec 30, 2012

Zenaida macroura with nesting material...

Romans acres, Peru, Indiana, USA 25-07-2012

 
     

 

Camcorder

         

Visitor Sightings

   
Share your sighting of this bird.

Tom Baker
8/9/2012

Location: Edenbrook Conservation Area

Mourning Dove


Joan Rock
7/15/2005

Location: Redwood County

Several pictures from the yard.

Mourning Dove


Joan Rock
6/25/2005

Location: Redwood County

Several pictures from the yard.

Mourning Dove


     
     
 

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