Twin Valley Prairie Addition

 

 

     
 
About
 
 

Ownership

 
 

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The Nature Conservancy

 
     
 

Overview

 
 

Twin Valley Prairie Addition is six miles southwest of Twin Valley Prairie SNA.

 
     
 

History

 
 

 

 
     
 

Management

 
 

 

 
     
 

Comments

 
 

 

 
     
 
Location
 
 

Maps

 
         
         
 

Printable Map(s) with GPS coordinates

 
 

Complete

     
  Printable map      
         
 

North Section

  South Section  
 

Printable map

  Printable map  
         
 

Size

 
 

403 acres

 
         
 

Parking

 
 

Park on a field access (drainage ditch crossing). The site is open to the public but conservation grazing continues. The field is surrounded by an electric fence. There is a gate allowing entry 157 yards north of the parking spot.

N47 8.336, W96 23.171

 
         
 

Driving Directions

  Area and County  
 

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          Clay County  
          Northwest Minnesota  
     
 
Activities
 
 

Hiking Trails

 
 

No maintained trails

 
     
 

Hunting

 
 

All hunting and trapping. See Hunting and Trapping Regulations (MN DNR) for details.

 
     
 
Ecology
 
 

Ecological Classification

  Ecological Classification  
  Ecological Province    

Prairie Parkland Province

   
  Ecological Section    

Red River Valley

   
  Ecological Subsection    

Red River Prairie

   
  Land Type Association    

Barnesville Beach Complex

Felton Lake Plain

   
             
 

Native Plant Communities*

   
 

Mesic Prairie (Northern)

   
  * Source: The Minnesota Biological Survey, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources      
         
 

Natural Features

     
 

 

 

 

 

 

 

           
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

Parking

 
    Twin Valley Prairie Addition   Twin Valley Prairie Addition  
           
    Twin Valley Prairie Addition   Twin Valley Prairie Addition  
           
 

North Gate

 
    Twin Valley Prairie Addition      
           
 

Pond

 
    Twin Valley Prairie Addition   Twin Valley Prairie Addition  
           
 

North Section, Mesic Prairie (Northern)

 
    Twin Valley Prairie Addition      
           
 

South Section, Mesic Prairie (Northern)

 
    Twin Valley Prairie Addition   Twin Valley Prairie Addition  
           
    Twin Valley Prairie Addition      
           
 

Conservation Grazing

 
    Twin Valley Prairie Addition      

 

Camera

     
 
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

Visits

8/16/2017                
 
 

Amphibians

 
 

green frog (Rana clamitans)

northern leopard frog (Rana pipiens)
Burnsi morph

wood frog (Rana sylvatica)

  green frog  
 

Bacteria, Viruses, and Other Pathogens

 
  apical chlorosis of Canada thistle (Pst) (Pseudomonas syringae pv. tagetis)   Pst  
 

Birds

 
 

One bird species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:

Special Concern

Greater Prairie-chicken (Tympanuchus cupido)

 
 

American Goldfinch (Spinus tristis)

Eastern Kingbird (Tyrannus tyrannus)

Gray Catbird (Dumetella carolinensis)

Gray Partridge (Perdix perdix)

Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

Tree Swallow (Tachycineta bicolor)

 

American Goldfinch

Mourning Dove

 
 

Fungi and Lichens

 
  Crown-tipped Coral (Artomyces pyxidatus)   Crown-tipped Coral  
 

Insects and Arachnids

 
 

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

honeysuckle aphid (Hyadaphis tataricae)

monarch (Danaus plexippus)

seven-spotted lady beetle (Coccinella septempunctata)

twelve-spotted skimmer (Libellula pulchella)

viceroy (Limenitis archippus)

willow pinecone gall midge (Rabdophaga strobiloides)

 

twelve-spotted skimmer

viceroy

 
 

Mammals

 
  plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)   plains pocket gopher  
 

Plants

 
 

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas and Minnesota Biological Survey Vegetation Releves Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Mesic Prairie (Northern) UPn23b

     
 

 

absinth wormwood (Artemisia absinthium)

alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

American bugleweed (Lycopus americanus)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American highbush cranberry (Viburnum opulus var. americanum)

Baltic rush (Juncus balticus var. littoralis)

Bebb’s willow (Salix bebbiana)

Bell’s honeysuckle (Lonicera × bella)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardi)

bird’s-foot trefoil (Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus)

bittersweet nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black-eyed Susan (Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima)

blue vervain (Verbena hastata var. scabra)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare)

butterfly weed (Asclepias tuberosa ssp. interior)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canadian horseweed (Conyza canadensis)

Canadian milkvetch (Astragalus canadensis var. canadensis)

clammy groundcherry (Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common plantain (Plantago major)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common sneezeweed (Helenium autumnale)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

curly-cup gumweed (Grindelia squarrosa)

dark green bulrush (Scirpus atrovirens)

devil’s beggarticks (Bidens frondosa)

fen grass of Parnassus (Parnassia glauca)

field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

field sow thistle (Sonchus arvensis)

flat-topped aster (Doellingeria umbellata)

Flodman’s thistle (Cirsium flodmanii)

four-flowered yellow loosestrife (Lysimachia quadriflora)

foxtail barley (Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum)

fringed black bindweed (Fallopia cilinodis)

giant goldenrod (Solidago gigantea)

golden alexanders (Zizia aurea)

grass-leaved goldenrod (Euthamia graminifolia)

gray goldenrod (Solidago nemoralis)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

green foxtail (Setaria viridis var. viridis)

hairy four o’clock (Mirabilis albida)

hairy hedge nettle (Stachys pilosa var. pilosa)

hemlock water-parsnip (Sium suave)

hoary vervain (Verbena stricta)

hybrid cattail (Typha × glauca)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

Indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans)

jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

Kalm’s lobelia (Lobelia kalmii)

Kentucky bluegrass (Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis)

large-leaved avens (Geum macrophyllum var. perincisum)

Maximilian’s sunflower (Helianthus maximiliani)

meadow horsetail (Equisetum pratense)

narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia)

narrow-leaved meadowsweet (Spiraea alba var. alba)

New England aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae)

northern plains blazing star (Liatris ligulistylis)

obedient plant (Physostegia virginiana)

orchard grass (Dactylis glomerata ssp. glomerata)

paleleaf woodland sunflower (Helianthus strumosus)

palespike lobelia (Lobelia spicata)

peachleaf willow (Salix amygdaloides)

Pennsylvania cinquefoil (Potentilla pensylvanica)

Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)

Pennsylvania smartweed (Persicaria pensylvanica)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides ssp. acanthoides)

poke milkweed (Asclepias exaltata)

prairie blazing star (Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya)

prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

prairie goldenrod (Solidago ptarmicoides)

prairie ironweed (Vernonia fasciculata ssp. fasciculata)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prairie sagewort (Artemisia frigida)

prickly lettuce (Lactuca serriola)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

purple-stem aster (Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum)

pussy willow (Salix discolor)

quackgrass (Elymus repens)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

redtop (Agrostis gigantea)

reed canary grass (Phalaris arundinacea)

Riddell’s goldenrod (Solidago riddellii)

rough blazing star (Liatris aspera)

rough bugleweed (Lycopus asper)

Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)

sage-leaved willow (Salix candida)

sandbar willow (Salix interior)

scouring rush horsetail (Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine)

showy goldenrod (Solidago speciosa)

showy milkweed (Asclepias speciosa)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

silverweed (Argentina anserina ssp. anserina)

slender willow (Salix petiolaris)

smooth brome (Bromus inermis)

spotted Joe Pye weed (Eutrochium maculatum)

spotted lady’s thumb (Persicaria maculosa)

spotted touch-me-not (Impatiens capensis)

spotted water hemlock (Cicuta maculata)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

swamp betony (Pedicularis lanceolata)

swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata)

swamp thistle (Cirsium muticum)

tall goldenrod (Solidago altissima ssp. altissima)

tall meadow-rue (Thalictrum dasycarpum)

timothy (Phleum pratense)

tussock sedge (Carex stricta)

Virginia mountain mint (Pycnanthemum virginianum)

Virginia stickseed (Hackelia virginiana)

virgin’s bower (Clematis virginiana)

water plantain (Alisma sp.)

water smartweed (Persicaria amphibia)

western marbleseed (Lithospermum occidentale)

western ragweed (Ambrosia psilostachya)

white avens (Geum canadense)

white clover (Trifolium repens)

white heath aster (Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides)

white panicled aster (Symphyotrichum lanceolatum)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

wild cucumber (Echinocystis lobata)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild licorice (Glycyrrhiza lepidota)

wild mint (Mentha arvensis)

wolfberry (Symphoricarpos occidentalis)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

yellow foxtail (Setaria pumila ssp. pumila)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

 

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Agrostis gigantea (redtop)

Alisma sp. (water plantain)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia psilostachya (western ragweed)

Andropogon gerardi (big bluestem)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Argentina anserina ssp. anserina (silverweed)

Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit)

Artemisia absinthium (absinth wormwood)

Artemisia frigida (prairie sagewort)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias exaltata (poke milkweed)

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata (swamp milkweed)

Asclepias speciosa (showy milkweed)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Asclepias tuberosa ssp. interior (butterfly weed)

Astragalus canadensis var. canadensis (Canadian milkvetch)

Bidens frondosa (devil’s beggarticks)

Bromus inermis (smooth brome)

Carduus acanthoides (plumeless thistle)

Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)

Carex stricta (tussock sedge)

Cicuta maculata (spotted water hemlock)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium flodmanii (Flodman’s thistle)

Cirsium muticum (swamp thistle)

Cirsium vulgare (bull thistle)

Clematis virginiana (virgin’s bower)

Conyza canadensis (Canadian horseweed)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Dactylis glomerata ssp. glomerata (orchard grass)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Doellingeria umbellata (flat-topped aster)

Echinocystis lobata (wild cucumber)

Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)

Elymus repens (quackgrass)

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine (scouring rush horsetail)

Equisetum pratense (meadow horsetail)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Euthamia graminifolia (grass-leaved goldenrod)

Eutrochium maculatum (spotted Joe Pye weed)

Fallopia cilinodis (fringed black bindweed)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Geum canadense (white avens)

Geum macrophyllum var. perincisum (large-leaved avens)

Glycyrrhiza lepidota (wild licorice)

Grindelia squarrosa (curly-cup gumweed)

Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed)

Helenium autumnale (common sneezeweed)

Helianthus maximiliani (Maximilian’s sunflower)

Helianthus strumosus (paleleaf woodland sunflower)

Hordeum jubatum ssp. jubatum (foxtail barley)

Impatiens capensis (spotted touch-me-not)

Juncus balticus var. littoralis (Baltic rush)

Lactuca serriola (prickly lettuce)

Liatris aspera (rough blazing star)

Liatris ligulistylis (northern plains blazing star)

Liatris pycnostachya var. pycnostachya (prairie blazing star)

Lithospermum occidentale (western marbleseed)

Lobelia kalmii (Kalm’s lobelia)

Lobelia spicata (palespike lobelia)

Lonicera × bella (Bell’s honeysuckle)

Lotus corniculatus var. corniculatus (bird’s-foot trefoil)

Lycopus americanus (American bugleweed)

Lycopus asper (rough bugleweed)

Lysimachia quadriflora (four-flowered yellow loosestrife)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Mentha arvensis (wild mint)

Mirabilis albida (hairy four o’clock)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Solidago riddellii (Riddell’s goldenrod)

Parnassia glauca (fen grass of Parnassus)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Pedicularis lanceolata (swamp betony)

Persicaria amphibia (water smartweed)

Persicaria maculosa (spotted lady’s thumb)

Persicaria pensylvanica (Pennsylvania smartweed)

Phalaris arundinacea (reed canary grass)

Phleum pratense (timothy)

Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla (clammy groundcherry)

Physostegia virginiana (obedient plant)

Plantago major (common plantain)

Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis (Kentucky bluegrass)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla pensylvanica (Pennsylvania cinquefoil)

Pycnanthemum virginianum (Virginia mountain mint)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima (black-eyed Susan)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Salix amygdaloides (peachleaf willow)

Salix bebbiana (Bebb’s willow)

Salix candida (sage-leaved willow)

Salix discolor (pussy willow)

Salix interior (sandbar willow)

Salix petiolaris (slender willow)

Scirpus atrovirens (dark green bulrush)

Setaria pumila ssp. pumila (yellow foxtail)

Setaria viridis var. viridis (green foxtail)

Sium suave (hemlock water-parsnip)

Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)

Solidago altissima ssp. altissima (tall goldenrod)

Solidago gigantea (giant goldenrod)

Solidago nemoralis (gray goldenrod)

Solidago ptarmicoides (prairie goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Solidago speciosa (showy goldenrod)

Sonchus arvensis (field sow thistle)

Sorghastrum nutans (Indiangrass)

Spartina pectinata (prairie cordgrass)

Spiraea alba var. alba (narrow-leaved meadowsweet)

Stachys pilosa var. pilosa (hairy hedge nettle)

Symphoricarpos occidentalis (wolfberry)

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides (white heath aster)

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (white panicled aster)

Symphyotrichum novae-angliae (New England aster)

Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum (purple-stem aster)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dasycarpum (tall meadow-rue)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trifolium repens (white clover)

Typha × glauca (hybrid cattail)

Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Verbena hastata var. scabra (blue vervain)

Verbena stricta (hoary vervain)

Vernonia fasciculata ssp. fasciculata (prairie ironweed)

Viburnum opulus var. americanum (American highbush cranberry)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zizia aurea (golden alexanders)

 

absinth wormwood

American highbush cranberry

Bell’s honeysuckle

black raspberry

black-eyed susan

butterfly weed

Canadian milkvetch

common blue violet

common evening primrose

common sneezeweed

common strawberry

fen grass of Parnassus

Flodman’s thistle

four-flowered yellow loosestrife

golden alexanders

hairy four o’clock

hoary vervain

Maximilian’s sunflower

New England aster

palespike lobelia (var. spicata)

plumeless thistle

poke milkweed

prairie fleabane (var. strigosus)

prairie ironweed

prairie rose

purple prairie clover

red clover

Russian olive

showy goldenrod (var. speciosa)

showy milkweed

spotted Joe Pye weed

spotted touch-me-not

swamp milkweed

swamp thistle

tall meadow-rue

virgin’s bower

wild grape

wild mint

yellow sweet clover

 

 

 

Binoculars


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