honeysuckle aphid

(Hyadaphis tataricae)

Conservation Status
honeysuckle aphid
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Honeysuckle aphid is rarely seen. It is most often identified by the witches’ broom it produces on its host plant.

Adults are tiny, 1 32 to 3 32 (1.1 to 2.5 mm) long. They are pale yellowish-green to brownish-yellow or cream-colored, and are coated with a grayish waxy powder.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Total Length: 1 32 to 3 32 (1.1 to 2.5 mm)

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat and Hosts
 
 

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii), Tartarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica)

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Season

 
 

Spring to fall

 
     
 

Behavior

 
 

The larvae feed on the ends of stems, causing latent buds to become active and produce stunted growth. The excessive small growth at the end of the stem is referred to as a witches’ broom.

Adults feed on leaves. While feeding, they emit a toxin that causes the leaf to fold over. They remain inside the folded leaves.

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

Unlike most aphids, this aphid completes its life cycle on honeysuckle. It does not migrate to a secondary host. The female lays its eggs on the host, usually on tissue that is already damaged. During the summer, only females are born. As the days cool in the fall, sexual males and females are born. After these sexual adults mate, the female lays eggs which overwinter and hatch the following spring.

 
     
 

Nymph Food

 
 

Stems

 
     
 

Adult Food

 
 

Leaves

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

7, 22, 29, 30.

 
  8/22/2020      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native to eastern Europe and Asia. Recently introduced in North America.

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
 

Order

Hemiptera (true bugs, cicadas, hoppers, aphids and allies)  
 

Suborder

Sternorrhyncha (plant-parasitic hemipterans)  
 

Infraorder

Aphidomorpha (aphids and allies)  
 

Superfamily

Aphidoidea  
 

Family

Aphididae (aphids)  
 

Subfamily

Aphidinae  
 

Tribe

Macrosiphini  
 

Genus

Hyadaphis  
       
 

 

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Semiaphis tataricae

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

honeysuckle aphid

honeysuckle witches’ broom aphid

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

Witches’ broom caused by the honeysuckle aphid

 
    honeysuckle aphid   honeysuckle aphid  
           
    honeysuckle aphid   honeysuckle aphid  
           

 

Camera

     
 
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Other Videos
 
     
     
     
       

 

Camcorder

 
 
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