Minnesota Flies

     
 
Order Diptera
 
 

Diptera (flies) is the order of insects that is characterized as having a single pair of functional wings on the mesothorax and a pair of halteres, reduced, knob-like structures derived from the hind wings, on the metathorax. The order includes true flies, mosquitos, gnats, and midges.

There are more than 150,000 described, still living species worldwide, though there are thought to be about 1,000,000 species. There are about 17,000 species in North America north of Mexico, and at least 367 species in Minnesota.

 

eastern calligrapher

 

 

         
 
Recent Additions
 
 

Ferruginous tiger crane fly

 
 

With over 15,000 described species, the family Tipulidae (crane flies) is one of the largest families of true flies (Diptera). More than 1,600 species occur in North America. The subfamily Tipulinae (large crane flies) contains the largest of the crane flies. In North America, the vast majority of species are in the genera Tipula and Nephrotoma. The genus Nephrotoma (tiger crane flies) contains about 150 described species. The most common of these is ferruginous tiger crane fly (Nephrotoma ferruginea).

“Ferruginous” means reddish-brown or rust colored, but ferruginous tiger crane fly is more often described as orange in color. It is distinguished from other crane flies by the body color, the antennae that are entirely black except for the first two segments, and by a black spot at each end of a groove across the thorax.

  ferruginous tiger crane fly  
    Photo by Alfredo Colon  
       
       
 

Band-winged crane fly

 
 

Band-winged crane fly (Epiphragma fasciapenne) is a common, easily identified, moderate-sized crane fly. It occurs in the eastern United States and adjacent Canadian provinces east of the Great Plains. Eastern Minnesota is at the western edge of its range. It is found in floodplain woodlands and wooded areas adjacent to swamps.

Like all crane flies, the body is long and slim, the wings are long and narrow, and the legs are very long, very thin, and very fragile. The thorax has a distinct, V-shaped groove on top. The lower jaws each have a very long, antenna-like extension.

Band-winged crane fly is distinguished by the distinctive wing pattern with four bands of bordered brown spots, and by a dark brown band at the very tip of the third leg segment.

  band-winged crane fly  
    Photo by Alfredo Colon  
       
       
       
       
       
 

Lesser bulb fly (Eumerus spp.)

 
 

Eumerus is a genus of small hoverflies in the family Syrphidae. With 281 known species, it is one of the largest genera of flies. It is found throughout the Palearctic realm, which includes Europe, Asia north of the Himalayas, North Africa, and the northern and central parts of the Arabian Peninsula. Several Eumerus species have been introduced into North and South America. Three of these are known to occur in the United States: lesser bulb fly (Eumerus funeralis), narcissus bulb fly (Eumerus narcissi), and onion bulb fly (Eumerus strigatus). Collectively, they are known as lesser bulb flies.

Adult lesser bulb flies are black tinged with bronze. They have pale longitudinal stripes on the thorax and silvery-white stripes on the abdomen. The larvae are considered pests. They tunnel into plant bulbs, causing the bulbs to rot. The bulb either dies or produces stunted growth in the following growing season. In some areas, up to 25% of narcissus bulbs are infected.

  Lesser bulb fly (Eumerus spp.)  
    Photo by Alfredo Colon  
       
       
       
       
       
       
       
 

Long-tailed dance fly

 
 

Long-tailed dance fly (Rhamphomyia longicauda) is a small, black, long-legged fly. It is commonly found from May to July in deciduous woods near water. The wings are long and black. The head is round with large bright orange or red eyes. On the female, the middle and hind legs have a fringe of long, black, bristly hairs.

Every evening around sunset, males and females collect in same-sex swarms. Females and fly up and down, the behavior that gives this family its common name “dance-flies”. Females cannot hunt for prey. They receive protein from males as gifts in exchange for copulation. They swallow air, filling and extending their abdomen outward, saucer-like, falsely signaling males that their eggs are nearing maturity. The long hairy legs wrap around the abdomen, making it appear even larger. Males are attracted to females that have largest swollen abdomens and hairiest legs. An individual will break off and join the other swarm to select a mate.

  long-tailed dance fly  
    Photo by Alfredo Colon  
       
       
       
       
       
       
 

Bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria sacrator)

 
 

With 7,003 species in 530 genera worldwide, robber flies are one of the largest and most abundant families of insects alive today. Bee-like robber flies, as the common name for the genus suggests, resemble bees. There are 240 species of bee-like robber flies, 62 species in North America north of Mexico. Few of the species have been given a common name.

Bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria sacrator) is a short, robust, medium-sized, bee-like robber fly. It is fairly common in northeastern and north-central United States, including Minnesota. It has a stout thorax and a short abdomen, both partially covered with long yellow hairs making it resemble a bumble bee. It is one of the hairiest of the bee-like robber flies. Adults are to 1 long.

  bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria sacrator)  
    Photo by Christa Rittberg  
       
       
       
       
         
 
Other Recent Additions
 
 

stilt-legged fly (Rainieria antennaepes)

common picture-winged fly (Delphinia picta)

common drone fly (Eristalis tenax)

cobalt hover fly (Pelecinobaccha costata)

dancing kiss fly (Platystoma seminationis)

robber fly (Asilus sericeus)

Milbert’s proctacanthus (Proctacanthus milbertii)

broad-headed marsh fly (Helophilus latifrons)

  common drone fly  
    Photo by Babette Kis  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

                 
 

This list includes only flies that have been recorded in Minnesota, but not all of the flies found in Minnesota.

 
                 
 
         
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American hover fly (Eupeodes americanus)

       

American snout fly (Rhingia nasica)

       

antlered crane fly (Tanyptera dorsalis)

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antlered flutter fly (Toxonevra superba)

       

aphideaters (Eupeodes americanus complex)

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aphideaters (Eupeodes subg. Metasyrphus)

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aster leafminer (Calycomyza humeralis)

       

bald-faced hornet fly (Spilomyia fusca)

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band-winged crane fly (Epiphragma fasciapenne)

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bare-bellied falsehorn (Temnostoma barberi)

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bare-eyed mimic (Mallota bautias)

       

bare-winged aphideater (Eupeodes perplexus)

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bearded bee fly (Anastoechus barbatus)

       

bee fly (Chrysanthrax cypris)

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bee fly (Villa lateralis)

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bee-mimic robber flies (Laphria spp.)

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bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria canis complex)

       

bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria cinerea)

       

bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria divisor)

       

bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria flavicollis)

       

bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria huron)

       

bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria index complex)

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bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria index)

       

bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria insignis)

       

bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria ithypyga)

       

bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria janus)

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bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria posticata)

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bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria sacrator)

       

bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria sericea complex)

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bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria thoracica)

       

benign deer fly (Chrysops mitis)

       

bird hover fly (Eupeodes volucris)

       

black fly (Family Simuliidae)

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black horse fly (Tabanus atratus)

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black onion fly (Tritoxa flexa)

       

black scavenger fly (Sepsis punctum)

       

black spur fly (Teuchocnemis lituratus)

       

black-footed globetail (Sphaerophoria philanthus)

       

black-horned pufftail (Sphegina rufiventris)

       

blackjack oak leaf gall midge (Polystepha globosa)

       

black-legged bog fly (Parhelophilus flavifacies)

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black-shouldered drone fly (Eristalis dimidiata)

       

black-spotted falsehorn (Temnostoma excentrica)

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blue-green bottle fly (Lucilia coeruleiviridis)

       

broad-banded hornet fly (Spilomyia alcimus)

       

broad-banded meadow fly (Chrysotoxum plumeum)

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broad-headed marsh fly (Helophilus latifrons)

       

broad-striped globetail (Sphaerophoria brevipilosa)

       

Brooks’ bog fly (Parhelophilus brooksi)

       

brown robber fly (Proctacanthella cacopiliga)

       

brown-footed horse fly (Tabanus fulvicallus)

       

burdock leaf miner (Liriomyza arctii)

       

burr-seed fly (Euaresta aequalis)

       

cabbage leafminer (Liriomyza brassicae)

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calyptrate flies (Zoosubsection Calyptratae)

       

Canada thistle stem gall fly (Urophora cardui)

       

chained horse fly (Tabanus catenatus)

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cobalt hover fly (Pelecinobaccha costata)

       

common bog fly (Parhelophilus laetus)

       

common cluster fly (Pollenia rudis)

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common compost fly (Syritta pipiens)

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common drone fly (Eristalis tenax)

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common eastern physocephala (Physocephala tibialis)

       

common flower fly (Syrphus ribesii)

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common green bottle fly (Lucilia sericata)

       

common oblique syrphid fly (Allograpta obliqua)

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common picture-winged fly (Delphinia picta)

       

common ragweed fruit fly (Euaresta bella)

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common snipe fly (Rhagio mystaceus)

       

common thickleg (Tropidia quadrata)

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crane flies (Infraorder Tipulomorpha)

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dance flies (Rhamphomyia spp.)

       

dance fly (Rhamphomyia fumosa)

       

dance fly (Rhamphomyia irregularis)

       

dance fly (Rhamphomyia luteiventris)

       

dance fly (Rhamphomyia pulla)

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dance fly (Rhamphomyia vittata)

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dancing kiss fly (Platystoma seminationis)

       

dark-winged fungus gnats (Family Sciaridae)

       

daylily leafminer (Ophiomyia kwansonis)

       

deer flies (Chrysops spp.)

       

devil’s leafwalker (Chalcosyrphus satanica)

       

dimorphic sickleleg (Polydontomyia curvipes)

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drone flies (Eristalis spp.)

       

dung fly (Scathophaga furcata)

       

dusky bog fly (Parhelophilus rex)

       

dusky drone dly (Eristalis obscura)

       

dusky mucksucker (Orthonevra pulchella)

       

dusky-banded leafwalker (Chalcosyrphus nemorum)

       

dusky-veined mucksucker (Orthonevra pictipennis)

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early tachinid fly (Epalpus signifer)

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eastern band-winged hover fly (Hypocritanus fascipennis)

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eastern calligrapher (Toxomerus geminatus)

       

eastern catkin fly (Brachypalpus oarus)

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eastern hornet fly (Spilomyia longicornis)

       

eastern swiftwing (Volucella evecta)

       

ebony pithead (Pipiza atrata)

       

elm agromyzid leafminer (Agromyza aristata)

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European crane fly (Tipula paludosa)

       

European drone fly (Eristalis arbustorum)

       

face fly (Musca autumnalis)

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false bee-killer (Promachus bastardii)

       

fen flies (Neoascia spp.)

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ferruginous tiger crane fly (Nephrotoma ferruginea)

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flat-footed fly (Agathomyia spp.)

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flies (Order Diptera)

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four-lined hornet fly (Spilomyia sayi)

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four-speckled hover fly (Dioprosopa clavata)

       

friendly fly (Sarcophaga aldrichi)

       

fruit fly (Campiglossa albiceps)

       

fruit fly (Dioxyna picciola)

       

fruit fly (Eutreta noveboracensis)

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fruit fly (Trupanea actinobola)

       

gall midge (Harmandiola cavernosa)

       

gall midge (Rhopalomyia artemisiae)

       

gall midge (Rhopalomyia baccarum)

       

gall midges and wood midges (Family Cecidomyiidae)

       

giant crane fly (Tipula abdominalis)

       

giant ragweed fruit fly (Euaresta festiva)

       

giant robber fly (Promachus fitchii)

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giant robber fly (Promachus vertebratus)

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gnat ogre (Holcocephala abdominalis)

       

gnat ogre (Holcocephala calva)

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golden dung fly (Scathophaga stercoraria)

       

goldenback (Pterallastes thoracicus)

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golden-backed snipe fly (Chrysopilus thoracicus)

       

goldenrod brussels sprout gall fly (Procecidochares atra)

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goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

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goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

       

grape gall midge (Schizomyia vitiscoryloides)

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grass fly (Thaumatomyia glabra)

       

grass fly (Thaumatomyia grata)

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grasshopper bee fly (Systoechus vulgaris)

       

green soldier fly (Hedriodiscus binotatus)

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hairy-eyed flower fly (Syrphus torvus)

       

hairy-eyed mimic (Mallota posticata)

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heleomyzid fly (Suillia quinquepunctata)

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horse fly (Tabanus spp.)

       

horse fly (Tabanus turbidus)

       

hourglass drone fly (Eristalis brousii)

       

house fly (Musca domestica)

       

hoverfly (Chrysotoxum fasciolatum)

       

hoverfly (Chrysotoxum laterale)

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hoverfly (Chrysotoxum spp.)

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hoverfly (Epistrophe spp.)

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hoverfly (Helophilus spp.)

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hoverfly (Pipiza spp.)

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hoverfly (Platycheirus spp.)

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hoverfly (Subfamily Syrphinae)

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hoverfly (Xylota spp.)

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hunchback bee fly (Lepidophora lutea)

       

hybotid dance flies (Tachypeza spp.)

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hybotid dance fly (Platypalpus spp.)

       

hybotid dance fly (Platypalpus trivialis)

       

inland floodwater mosquito (Aedes vexans)

       

jewelweed leaf-miner fly (Phytoliriomyza melampyga)

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large crane flies (Family Tipulidae)

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large crane flies (Subfamily Tipulinae)

       

large crane flies (Subgenus Pterelachisus)

       

large crane flies (Tipula spp.)

       

large crane fly (Angarotipula illustris)

       

large crane fly (Platytipula ultima)

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large crane fly (Tipula borealis)

       

large crane fly (Tipula caloptera)

       

large crane fly (Tipula dorsimacula)

       

large crane fly (Tipula furca)

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large crane fly (Tipula submaculata)

       

large crane fly (Tipula trivittata)

       

leaf miner flies (Liriomyza spp.)

       

leaf miner fly (Agromyza vockerothi)

       

leaf miner fly (Aulagromyza cornigera)

       

leaf miner fly (Calycomyza flavinotum)

       

leaf miner fly (Calycomyza promissa)

       

leaf miner fly (Liriomyza eupatorii)

       

leaf miner fly (Nemorimyza posticata)

       

leaf miner fly (Ophiomyia maura)

       

leaf miner fly (Phytomyza agromyzina)

       

leaf miner fly (Phytomyza aralivora)

       

lesser bulb fly (Eumerus funeralis)

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lesser bulb fly (Eumerus spp.)

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lesser dung fly (Family Sphaeroceridae)

       

lesser house fly (Fannia canicularis)

       

limoniid crane fly (Helius flavipes)

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limoniid crane fly (Limonia annulata)

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linden wart gall midge (Contarinia verrucicola)

       

long hoverfly (Sphaerophoria scripta)

       

long-horned yellowjacket fly (Sphecomyia vittata)

       

longlegged flies (Condylostylus caudatus group)

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longlegged flies (Condylostylus sipho group)

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longlegged flies (Dolichopus spp.)

       

longlegged fly (Condylostylus longicornis)

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longlegged fly (Condylostylus patibulatus)

       

long-nosed swamp fly (Eurimyia stipata

       

long-spined pufftail (Sphegina petiolata)

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long-tailed dance fly (Rhamphomyia longicauda)

       

mallow leaf miner (Calycomyza malvae)

       

march fly (Bibio femoratus)

       

marginal horse fly (Tabanus marginalis)

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margined calligrapher (Toxomerus marginatus)

       

marsh crane fly (Tipula oleracea)

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marsh fly (Dictya spp.)

       

marsh fly (Tetanocera plebeja)

       

marsh fly (Tetanocera valida)

       

marsh fly (Trypetoptera canadensis)

       

marsh greenbottle fly (Lucilia silvarum)

       

midwestern mimic (Mallota illinoensis)

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Milbert’s proctacanthus (Proctacanthus milbertii)

       

milkweed leaf miner fly (Liriomyza asclepiadis)

       

mosquitoes (Aedes spp.)

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narcissus bulb fly (Merodon equestris)

       

narrow-banded meadow fly (Chrysotoxum derivatum)

       

narrow-banded pond fly (Sericomyia militaris)

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narrow-headed marsh fly (Helophilus fasciatus)

       

non-biting midge (Acamptocladius dentolatens)

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non-biting midge (Axarus festivus)

       

non-biting midge (Chironomus atroviridis)

       

non-biting midge (Chironomus riparius)

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non-biting midge (Demeijerea brachialis)

       

non-biting midge (Diplocladius cultriger)

       

non-biting midge (Hyporhygma quadripunctatus)

       

non-biting midge (Kribiodorum perpulchrum)

       

non-biting midge (Lauterborniella agrayloides)

       

non-biting midge (Sublettea coffmani)

       

non-biting midge (Xenochironomus xenolabis)

       

non-biting midge (Xylotopus par)

       

non-biting midge (Zavreliella marmorata)

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non-biting midges (Chironomus spp.)

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non-biting midges (Tribe Chironomini)

       

Nova Scotia horse fly (Tabanus novaescotiae)

       

oak apple gall wasps (Amphibolips spp.)

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oak leaf gall midge (Polystepha pilulae)

       

oak shothole leafminer (Japanagromyza viridula)

       

oblique-banded pond fly (Sericomyia chrysotoxoides)

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ocellate gall midge (Acericecis ocellaris)

       

onion bulb fly (Eumerus strigatus)

       

orange-hipped leafwalker (Chalcosyrphus vecors)

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orange-horned hammertail (Sphegina campanulata)

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orange-legged drone fly (Eristalis flavipes)

       

orange-spined drone fly (Eristalis interrupta)

       

orange-spotted drone fly (Eristalis anthophorina)

       

ornate snipe fly (Chrysopilus ornatus)

       

picture-winged fly (Callopistromyia annulipes)

       

picture-winged fly (Callopistromyia strigula)

       

picture-winged fly (Idana marginata)

       

picture-winged fly (Pseudoseioptera albipes)

       

picture-winged fly (Tritoxa incurva)

       

polished leafwalker (Xylota ejuncida)

       

pond olive (Cloeon dipterum)

       

poplar twiggall fly (Euhexomyza schineri)

       

pufftails (Sphegina Subgenus Asiosphegina)

       

punctate meadow fly (Chrysotoxum radiosum)

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quadrate snipe fly (Chrysopilus quadratus)

       

rabbit bot fly (Cuterebra buccata)

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red-tailed flesh fly (Sarcophaga haemorrhoidalis)

       

Reinwardt’s horse fly (Tabanus reinwardtii)

       

robber flies (Cerotainia spp.)

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robber flies (Family Asilidae)

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robber fly (Asilus sericeus)

       

rodent bot fly (Cuterebra grisea)

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rodent bot fly (Cuterebra spp.)

       

rodent bot fly (Cuterebra sterilator)

       

root maggot flies (Family Anthomyiidae)

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root maggot fly (Hydrophoria lancifer)

       

sage horse fly (Tabanus sagax)

       

scaled pegleg (Myolepta strigilata)

       

scaly bee fly (Lepidophora lepidocera)

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shaved horse fly (Stonemyia rasa)

       

short-haired leafwalker (Chalcosyrphus piger)

       

short-spined leafwalker (Xylota tuberculata)

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short-tailed aphideater (Eupeodes pomus)

       

signal fly (Rivellia cognata)

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signal fly (Rivellia colei)

       

signal fly (Rivellia coquilletti)

       

signal fly (Rivellia flavimana)

       

signal fly (Rivellia melliginis)

       

signal fly (Rivellia metallica)

       

signal fly (Rivellia munda)

       

signal fly (Rivellia pallida)

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signal fly (Rivellia spp.)

       

signal fly (Rivellia steyskali)

       

signal fly (Rivellia variabilis)

       

signal fly (Rivellia viridulans)

       

signal fly (Rivellia winifredae)

       

similar horse fly (Tabanus similis)

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slender smoothtail (Epistrophella emarginata)

       

small red midge (Microtendipes pedellus)

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snow fly (Chionea valga)

       

soldier fly (Nemotelus kansensis)

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soldier fly (Stratiomys adelpha or discalis)

       

soldier fly (Stratiomys badia)

       

soldier fly (Stratiomys bruneri)

       

soldier fly (Stratiomys meigenii)

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soldier fly (Stratiomys norma)

       

soldier fly (Stratiomys normula)

       

soldier fly (Stratiomys unilimbata)

       

soybean nodule fly (Rivellia quadrifasciata)

       

spot-headed aphideater (Eupeodes neoperplexus)

       

spotted wood fly (Somula decora)

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spotted-wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii)

       

squirrel bot fly (Cuterebra emasculator)

       

stable fly (Stomoxys calcitrans)

       

stilt-legged fly (Compsobata univitta)

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stilt-legged fly (Rainieria antennaepes)

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stink fly (Coenomyia ferruginea)

       

striped horse fly (Tabanus lineola)

       

stygian horse fly (Tabanus stygius)

       

sumac gall pithead (Pipiza puella)

       

sunflower bullet gall midge (Pilodiplosis helianthibulla)

       

sunflower maggot fly (Strauzia longipennis)

       

sunflower receptacle maggot (Gymnocarena diffusa)

       

sunflower seed maggot (Neotephritis finalis)

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swift feather-legged fly (Trichopoda pennipes)

       

tachinid flies (Cylindromyia spp.)

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tachinid fly (Archytas apicifer)

       

tachinid fly (Compsilura concinnata)

       

tachinid fly (Cylindromyia argentia)

       

tachinid fly (Cylindromyia carolinae)

       

tachinid fly (Cylindromyia euchenor)

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tachinid fly (Cylindromyia interrupta)

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tachinid fly (Family Tachinidae)

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tachinid fly (Leskia similis)

       

tachinid fly (Subfamily Exoristinae)

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tachinid fly (Thelaira americana)

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tachinid fly (Xanthomelanodes arcuatus)

       

tachinid fly (Zelia vertebrata)

       

thick-headed fly (Dalmannia nigriceps)

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thick-headed fly (Myopa clausa)

       

thick-headed fly (Myopa vicaria)

       

thick-headed fly (Physocephala furcillata)

       

thick-headed fly (Physocephala marginata)

       

thick-headed fly (Physocephala texana)

       

thick-headed fly (Physoconops brachyrhynchus)

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common compost fly (Physoconops obscuripennis)

       

thick-headed fly (Stylogaster neglecta)

       

thick-headed fly (Thecophora occidensis)

       

three-spotted horse fly (Tabanus trimaculatus)

       

tiger fly (Coenosia tigrina)

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transverse flower fly (Eristalis transversa)

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tufted globetail (Sphaerophoria contigua)

       

two-lined swamp fly (Lejops bilinearis)

       

two-spotted leafwalker (Xylota angustiventris)

       

unadorned bog fly (Parhelophilus obsoletus)

       

undivided lucent (Didea fuscipes)

       

variable aphideater (Eupeodes latifasciatus)

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violet leafwalker (Chalcosyrphus chalybeus)

       

walnut husk maggot fly (Rhagoletis suavis)

       

wasp-like falsehorn (Temnostoma alternans)

       

water snipe fly (Atherix variegata)

       

waved light fly (Pyrgota undata)

       

wavy mucksucker (Orthonevra nitida)

       

white snakeroot leaf miner (Liriomyza eupatoriella)

       

white-haired pithead (Pipiza femoralis)

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white-spotted pond fly (Sericomyia lata)

       

white-winged march fly (Bibio albipennis)

       

Williston’s wasp fly (Sphiximorpha willistoni)

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willow catkin flies (Egle spp.)

       

willow catkin fly (Egle atomaria)

       

willow catkin fly (Egle longipalpis)

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willow pinecone gall midge (Rabdophaga strobiloides)

       

willow rosette gall midge (Rabdophaga salicisbrassicoides)

       

Winnebago lake fly (Chironomus plumosus)

       

winter crane fly (Trichocera spp.)

       

wood nettle gall midge (Dasineura investita)

       

wood soldier fly (Xylomya americana)

       

wood soldier fly (Xylomya aterrima)

       

wood soldier fly (Xylomya tenthredinoides)

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wood soldier fly (Xylomya terminalis)

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woolly-tailed marsh fly (Helophilus hybridus)

       

yellow-faced swiftwing (Volucella facialis)

       

yellow-haired falsehorn (Temnostoma balyras)

       

yellowjacket hover fly (Milesia virginiensis)

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yellow-shouldered drone fly (Eristalis stipator)

       

yellow-spotted pond fly (Sericomyia transversa)

       

yellow-spotted sapeater (Brachyopa vacua)

 

Acamptocladius dentolatens (non-biting midge)

Acericecis ocellaris (ocellate gall midge)

Aedes spp. (mosquitoes)

Aedes vexans (inland floodwater mosquito)

Agathomyia spp. (flat-footed fly)

Agromyza aristata (elm agromyzid leafminer)

Agromyza vockerothi (leaf miner fly)

Allograpta obliqua (common oblique syrphid fly)

Amphibolips spp. (oak apple gall wasps)

Anastoechus barbatus (bearded bee fly)

Angarotipula illustris (large crane fly)

Anthomyiidae (root maggot flies)

Archytas apicifer (tachinid fly)

Asilidae (robber flies)

Asilus sericeus (robber fly)

Atherix variegata (water snipe fly)

Aulagromyza cornigera (leaf miner fly)

Axarus festivus (non-biting midge)

Bibio albipennis (white-winged march fly)

Bibio femoratus (march fly)

Brachyopa vacua (yellow-spotted sapeater)

Brachypalpus oarus (eastern catkin fly)

Callopistromyia annulipes (picture-winged fly)

Callopistromyia strigula (picture-winged fly)

Calycomyza flavinotum (leaf miner fly)

Calycomyza humeralis (aster leafminer)

Calycomyza malvae (mallow leaf miner)

Calycomyza promissa (leaf miner fly)

Calyptratae (calyptrate flies)

Campiglossa albiceps (fruit fly)

Cecidomyiidae (gall midges and wood midges)

Cerotainia spp. (robber flies)

Chalcosyrphus chalybeus (violet leafwalker)

Chalcosyrphus nemorum (dusky-banded leafwalker)

Chalcosyrphus piger (short-haired leafwalker)

Chalcosyrphus satanica (devil’s leafwalker)

Chalcosyrphus vecors (orange-hipped leafwalker)

Chionea valga (snow fly)

Chironomini (non-biting midges)

Chironomus atroviridis (non-biting midge)

Chironomus plumosus (Winnebago lake fly)

Chironomus riparius (non-biting midge)

Chironomus spp. (non-biting midge)

Chrysanthrax cypris (bee fly)

Chrysopilus ornatus (ornate snipe fly)

Chrysopilus quadratus (quadrate snipe fly)

Chrysopilus thoracicus (golden-backed snipe fly)

Chrysops mitis (benign deer fly)

Chrysops spp. (deer fly)

Chrysotoxum derivatum (narrow-banded meadow fly)

Chrysotoxum fasciolatum (hoverfly)

Chrysotoxum laterale (hoverfly)

Chrysotoxum plumeum (broad-banded meadow fly)

Chrysotoxum radiosum (punctate meadow fly)

Chrysotoxum spp. (hoverfly)

Cloeon dipterum (pond olive)

Coenomyia ferruginea (stink fly)

Coenosia tigrina (tiger fly)

Compsilura concinnata (tachinid fly)

Compsobata univitta (stilt-legged fly)

Condylostylus caudatus (longlegged fly)

Condylostylus longicornis (longlegged fly)

Condylostylus patibulatus (longlegged fly)

Condylostylus sipho group (longlegged fly)

Contarinia verrucicola (linden wart gall midge)

Cuterebra buccata (rabbit bot fly)

Cuterebra emasculator (squirrel bot fly)

Cuterebra grisea (rodent bot fly)

Cuterebra spp. (rodent bot fly)

Cuterebra sterilator (rodent bot fly)

Cylindromyia spp. (tachinid flies)

Cylindromyia argentia (tachinid fly)

Cylindromyia carolinae (tachinid fly)

Cylindromyia euchenor (tachinid fly)

Cylindromyia interrupta (tachinid fly)

Dalmannia nigriceps (thick-headed fly)

Dasineura investita (wood nettle gall midge)

Delphinia picta (common picture-winged fly)

Demeijerea brachialis (non-biting midge)

Dictya spp. (marsh fly)

Didea fuscipes (undivided lucent)

Dioxyna picciola (fruit fly)

Dioprosopa clavata (four-speckled hover fly)

Diplocladius cultriger (non-biting midge)

Diptera (flies)

Dolichopus spp. (longlegged fly)

Drosophila suzukii (spotted-wing drosophila)

Egle atomaria (willow catkin fly)

Egle longipalpis (willow catkin fly)

Egle spp. (willow catkin flies)

Epalpus signifer (early tachinid fly)

Epiphragma fasciapenne (band-winged crane fly)

Epistrophe spp. (hoverfly)

Epistrophella emarginata (slender smoothtail)

Eristalis anthophorina (orange-spotted drone fly)

Eristalis arbustorum (European drone fly)

Eristalis brousii (hourglass drone fly)

Eristalis dimidiata (black-shouldered drone fly)

Eristalis flavipes (orange-legged drone fly)

Eristalis interrupta (orange-spined drone fly)

Eristalis obscura (dusky drone dly)

Eristalis spp. (drone flies)

Eristalis stipator (yellow-shouldered drone fly)

Eristalis tenax (common drone fly)

Eristalis transversa (transverse flower fly)

Euaresta aequalis (burr-seed fly)

Euaresta bella (common ragweed fruit fly)

Euaresta festiva (giant ragweed fruit fly)

Euhexomyza schineri (poplar twiggall fly)

Eumerus funeralis (lesser bulb fly)

Eumerus spp. (lesser bulb fly)

Eumerus strigatus (onion bulb fly)

Eupeodes americanus (American hover fly)

Eupeodes americanus complex (aphideaters)

Eupeodes latifasciatus (variable aphideater)

Eupeodes neoperplexus (spot-headed aphideater)

Eupeodes perplexus (bare-winged aphideater)

Eupeodes pomus (short-tailed aphideater)

Eupeodes Subgenus Metasyrphus (aphideaters)

Eupeodes volucris (bird hover fly)

Eurimyia stipata (long-nosed swamp fly)

Eurosta solidaginis (goldenrod gall fly)

Eutreta noveboracensis (fruit fly)

Exoristinae (tachinid fly)

Fannia canicularis (lesser house fly)

Gymnocarena diffusa (sunflower receptacle maggot)

Harmandiola cavernosa (gall midge)

Hedriodiscus binotatus (green soldier fly)

Helius flavipes (limoniid crane fly)

Helophilus fasciatus (narrow-headed marsh fly)

Helophilus hybridus (woolly-tailed marsh fly)

Helophilus latifrons (broad-headed marsh fly)

Helophilus spp. (hoverfly)

Holcocephala abdominalis (gnat ogre)

Holcocephala calva (gnat ogre)

Hydrophoria lancifer (root maggot fly)

Hypocritanus fascipennis (eastern band-winged hover fly)

Hyporhygma quadripunctatus (non-biting midge)

Idana marginata (picture-winged fly)

Japanagromyza viridula (oak shothole leafminer)

Kribiodorum perpulchrum (non-biting midge)

Laphria canis complex (bee-mimic robber fly)

Laphria cinerea (bee-mimic robber fly)

Laphria divisor (bee-mimic robber fly)

Laphria flavicollis (bee-mimic robber fly)

Laphria huron (bee-mimic robber fly)

Laphria index (bee-mimic robber fly)

Laphria index complex (bee-mimic robber fly)

Laphria insignis (bee-mimic robber fly)

Laphria ithypyga (bee-mimic robber fly)

Laphria janus (bee-mimic robber fly)

Laphria posticata (bee-mimic robber fly)

Laphria sacrator (bee-mimic robber fly)

Laphria sericea complex (bee-mimic robber fly)

Laphria spp. (bee-mimic robber flies)

Laphria thoracica (bee-mimic robber fly)

Lauterborniella agrayloides (non-biting midge)

Lejops bilinearis (two-lined swamp fly)

Lepidophora lepidocera (scaly bee fly)

Lepidophora lutea (hunchback bee fly)

Leskia similis (tachinid fly)

Limonia annulata (limoniid crane fly)

Liriomyza arctii (burdock leaf miner)

Liriomyza asclepiadis (milkweed leaf miner fly)

Liriomyza brassicae (cabbage leafminer)

Liriomyza eupatoriella (white snakeroot leaf miner)

Liriomyza eupatorii (leaf miner fly)

Liriomyza spp. (leaf miner flies)

Lucilia coeruleiviridis (blue-green bottle fly)

Lucilia sericata (common green bottle fly)

Lucilia silvarum (marsh greenbottle fly)

Mallota bautias (bare-eyed mimic)

Mallota illinoensis (midwestern mimic)

Mallota posticata (hairy-eyed mimic)

Merodon equestris (narcissus bulb fly)

Microtendipes pedellus (small red midge)

Milesia virginiensis (yellowjacket hover fly)

Musca autumnalis (face fly)

Musca domestica (house fly)

Myolepta strigilata (scaled pegleg)

Myopa clausa (thick-headed fly)

Myopa vicaria (thick-headed fly)

Nemorimyza posticata (leaf miner fly)

Nemotelus kansensis (soldier fly)

Neoascia spp. (fen flies)

Neotephritis finalis (sunflower seed maggot)

Nephrotoma ferruginea (ferruginous tiger crane fly)

Ophiomyia kwansonis (daylily leafminer)

Ophiomyia maura (leaf miner fly)

Orthonevra nitida (wavy mucksucker)

Orthonevra pictipennis (dusky-veined mucksucker)

Orthonevra pulchella (dusky mucksucker)

Parhelophilus brooksi (Brooks’ bog fly)

Parhelophilus flavifacies (black-legged bog fly)

Parhelophilus laetus (common bog fly)

Parhelophilus obsoletus (unadorned bog fly)

Parhelophilus rex (dusky bog fly)

Pelecinobaccha costata (cobalt hover fly)

Physocephala furcillata (thick-headed fly)

Physocephala marginata (thick-headed fly)

Physocephala texana (thick-headed fly)

Physocephala tibialis (common eastern physocephala)

Physoconops brachyrhynchus (thick-headed fly)

Physoconops obscuripennis (thick-headed fly)

Phytoliriomyza melampyga (jewelweed leaf-miner fly)

Phytomyza agromyzina (leaf miner fly)

Phytomyza aralivora (leaf miner fly)

Pilodiplosis helianthibulla (sunflower bullet gall midge)

Pipiza atrata (ebony pithead)

Pipiza femoralis (white-haired pithead)

Pipiza puella (sumac gall pithead)

Pipiza spp. (hoverfly)

Platycheirus spp. (hoverfly)

Platypalpus spp. (hybotid dance fly)

Platypalpus trivialis hybotid dance fly)

Platystoma seminationis (dancing kiss fly)

Platytipula ultima (large crane fly)

Pollenia rudis (common cluster fly)

Polydontomyia curvipes (dimorphic sickleleg)

Polystepha globosa (blackjack oak leaf gall midge)

Polystepha pilulae (oak leaf gall midge)

Procecidochares atra (goldenrod brussels sprout gall fly)

Proctacanthella cacopiliga (brown robber fly)

Proctacanthus milbertii (Milbert’s proctacanthus)

Promachus bastardii (false bee-killer)

Promachus fitchii (giant robber fly)

Promachus vertebratus (giant robber fly)

Pseudoseioptera albipes (picture-winged fly)

Pterallastes thoracicus (goldenback)

Pterelachisus (large crane flies)

Pyrgota undata (waved light fly)

Rabdophaga salicisbrassicoides (willow rosette gall midge)

Rabdophaga strobiloides (willow pinecone gall midge)

Rainieria antennaepes (stilt-legged fly)

Rhagio mystaceus (common snipe fly)

Rhagoletis suavis (walnut husk maggot fly)

Rhamphomyia fumosa (dance fly)

Rhamphomyia irregularis (dance fly)

Rhamphomyia longicauda (long-tailed dance fly)

Rhamphomyia luteiventris (dance fly)

Rhamphomyia pulla (dance fly)

Rhamphomyia spp. (dance fly)

Rhamphomyia vittata (dance fly)

Rhingia nasica (American snout fly)

Rhopalomyia artemisiae (gall midge)

Rhopalomyia baccarum (gall midge)

Rhopalomyia solidaginis (goldenrod bunch gall midge)

Rivellia cognata (signal fly)

Rivellia colei (signal fly)

Rivellia coquilletti (signal fly)

Rivellia flavimana (signal fly)

Rivellia melliginis (signal fly)

Rivellia metallica (signal fly)

Rivellia munda (signal fly)

Rivellia pallida (signal fly)

Rivellia quadrifasciata (soybean nodule fly)

Rivellia spp. (signal fly)

Rivellia steyskali (signal fly)

Rivellia variabilis (signal fly)

Rivellia viridulans (signal fly)

Rivellia winifredae (signal fly)

Sarcophaga aldrichi (friendly fly)

Sarcophaga haemorrhoidalis (red-tailed flesh fly)

Scathophaga furcata (dung fly)

Scathophaga stercoraria (golden dung fly)

Schizomyia vitiscoryloides (grape gall midge)

Sciaridae (dark-winged fungus gnat)

Sepsis punctum (black scavenger fly)

Sericomyia chrysotoxoides (oblique-banded pond fly)

Sericomyia lata (white-spotted pond fly)

Sericomyia militaris (narrow-banded pond fly)

Sericomyia transversa (yellow-spotted pond fly)

Simuliidae (black fly)

Somula decora (spotted wood fly)

Sphaeroceridae (lesser dung fly)

Sphaerophoria brevipilosa (broad-striped globetail)

Sphaerophoria contigua (tufted globetail)

Sphaerophoria philanthus (black-footed globetail)

Sphaerophoria scripta (long hoverfly)

Sphecomyia vittata (long-horned yellowjacket fly)

Sphegina campanulata (orange-horned hammertail)

Sphegina petiolata (long-spined pufftail)

Sphegina rufiventris (black-horned pufftail)

Sphegina Subgenus Asiosphegina (pufftails)

Sphiximorpha willistoni (Williston’s wasp fly)

Spilomyia alcimus (broad-banded hornet fly)

Spilomyia fusca (bald-faced hornet fly)

Spilomyia longicornis (eastern hornet fly)

Spilomyia sayi (four-lined hornet fly)

Stomoxys calcitrans (stable fly)

Stonemyia rasa (shaved horse fly)

Stratiomys adelpha (soldier fly)

Stratiomys badia (soldier fly)

Stratiomys bruneri (soldier fly)

Stratiomys discalis (soldier fly)

Stratiomys meigenii (soldier fly)

Stratiomys norma (soldier fly)

Stratiomys normula (soldier fly)

Stratiomys unilimbata (soldier fly)

Strauzia longipennis (sunflower maggot fly)

Stylogaster neglecta (thick-headed fly)

Suillia quinquepunctata (heleomyzid fly)

Syritta pipiens (common compost fly)

Syrphinae (hoverfly)

Syrphus ribesii (common flower fly)

Syrphus torvus (hairy-eyed flower fly)

Systoechus vulgaris (grasshopper bee fly)

Tabanus atratus (black horse fly)

Tabanus catenatus (chained horse fly)

Tabanus fulvicallus (brown-footed horse fly)

Tabanus lineola (striped horse fly)

Tabanus marginalis (marginal horse fly)

Tabanus novaescotiae (Nova Scotia horse fly)

Tabanus reinwardtii (Reinwardt’s horse fly)

Tabanus sagax (sage horse fly)

Tabanus similis (similar horse fly)

Tabanus spp. (horse fly)

Tabanus stygius (stygian horse fly)

Tabanus trimaculatus (three-spotted horse fly)

Tabanus turbidus (horse fly)

Tachinidae (tachinid fly)

Tachypeza spp. (hybotid dance flies)

Tanyptera dorsalis (antlered crane fly)

Temnostoma alternans (wasp-like falsehorn)

Temnostoma balyras (yellow-haired falsehorn)

Temnostoma barberi (bare-bellied falsehorn)

Temnostoma excentrica (black-spotted falsehorn)

Tetanocera plebeja (marsh fly)

Tetanocera valida (marsh fly)

Teuchocnemis lituratus (black spur fly)

Thaumatomyia glabra (grass fly)

Thaumatomyia grata (grass fly)

Thecophora occidensis (thick-headed fly)

Thelaira americana (tachinid fly)

Tipula abdominalis (giant crane fly)

Tipula borealis (large crane fly)

Tipula caloptera (large crane fly)

Tipula dorsimacula (large crane fly)

Tipula furca (large crane fly)

Tipula oleracea (marsh crane fly)

Tipula paludosa (European crane fly)

Tipula spp. (large crane flies)

Tipula submaculata (large crane fly)

Tipula trivittata (large crane fly)

Tipulidae (large crane flies)

Tipulinae (large crane flies)

Tipulomorpha (crane fly)

Toxomerus geminatus (eastern calligrapher)

Toxomerus marginatus (margined calligrapher)

Toxonevra superba (antlered flutter fly)

Trichocera spp. (winter crane fly)

Trichopoda pennipes (swift feather-legged fly)

Tritoxa flexa (black onion fly)

Tritoxa incurva (picture-winged fly)

Tropidia quadrata (common thickleg)

Trupanea actinobola (fruit fly)

Trypetoptera canadensis (marsh fly)

Urophora cardui (Canada thistle stem gall fly)

Villa lateralis (bee fly)

Volucella evecta (eastern swiftwing)

Volucella facialis (yellow-faced swiftwing)

Xanthomelanodes arcuatus (tachinid fly)

Xenochironomus xenolabis (non-biting midge)

Xylomya americana (wood soldier fly)

Xylomya aterrima (wood soldier fly)

Xylomya tenthredinoides (wood soldier fly)

Xylomya terminalis (wood soldier fly)

Xylota angustiventris (two-spotted leafwalker)

Xylota ejuncida (polished leafwalker)

Xylota spp. (hoverfly)

Xylota tuberculata (short-spined leafwalker)

Xylotopus par (non-biting midge)

Zavreliella marmorata (non-biting midge)

Zelia vertebrata (tachinid fly)

 

American hover fly

antlered flutter fly

band-winged crane fly

bare-bellied falsehorn

bare-eyed mimic

bearded bee fly

bee fly (Villa lateralis)

bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria sp.)

bee-like robber fly (Laphria canis complex)

bee-like robber fly (Laphria index)

bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria posticata)

bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria sacrator)

bee-mimic robber fly (Laphria thoracica)

black horse fly

black onion fly

black-shouldered drone fly

blue-green bottle fly

broad-headed marsh fly

calyptrate fly (Zoosubsection Calyptratae)

cobalt hover fly

common compost fly

common drone fly

common eastern physocephala

common green bottle fly

common picture-winged fly

common snipe fly

crane fly (Infraorder Tipulomorpha)

dance fly (Rhamphomyia sp.)

dance fly (Rhamphomyia vittata)

dancing kiss fly

drone fly (Eristalis sp.)

early tachinid fly

eastern band-winged hover fly

eastern calligrapher

eastern hornet fly

European crane fly

false bee-killer

ferruginous tiger crane fly

flat-footed fly (Agathomyia sp.)

fly (Order Diptera)

four-lined hornet fly

four-speckled hover fly

fruit fly (Trupanea actinobola)

giant robber fly (vertebratus)

gnat ogre (Holcocephala abdominalis)

golden dung fly (Scathophaga stercoraria)

golden-backed snipe fly

goldenrod bunch gall midge

goldenrod gall fly

grass fly (Thaumatomyia glabra)

grasshopper bee fly

hairy-eyed flower fly

heleomyzid fly (Suillia quinquepunctata)

horse fly

hoverfly (Chrysotoxum sp.)

hoverfly (Helophilus sp.)

hoverfly (Pipiza sp.)

hoverfly (Platycheirus sp.)

hoverfly (Xylota sp.)

hunchback bee fly

hybotid dance fly (Platypalpus sp.)

large crane fly (Family Tipulidae)

large crane fly (Subfamily Tipulinae)

large crane fly (Tipula borealis)

large crane fly (Tipula submaculata)

lesser bulb fly (Eumerus sp.)

lesser dung fly (Sphaeroceridae)

limoniid crane fly (Limonia annulata)

linden wart gall midge

longlegged fly (Condylostylus sipho)

longlegged fly (Dolichopus sp.)

longlegged fly (Condylostylus patibulatus)

long-tailed dance fly

margined calligrapher

marsh fly (Dictya expansa)

Milbert’s proctacanthus

narcissus bulb fly

narrow-headed marsh fly

non-biting midge (Axarus festivus)

non-biting midge (Demeijerea brachialis)

non-biting midge (Chironomus sp.)

non-biting midge (Tribe Chironomini)

oak leaf gall midge

ocellate gall midge

orange-horned hammertail

orange-legged drone fly

quadrate snipe fly

red-tailed flesh fly

robber fly (Asilidae)

robber fly (Asilus sericeus)

rodent bot fly (Cuterebra sp.)

root maggot fly (Hydrophoria lancifer)

shaved horse fly

short-tailed aphideater

signal fly (Rivellia colei)

signal fly (Rivellia sp.)

slender smoothtail

snow fly

soldier fly (Stratiomys adelpha or discalis)

soldier fly (Stratiomys norma)

spotted-wing drosophila

stilt-legged fly (Rainieria antennaepes)

stink fly

 

 

 

swift feather-legged fly

tachinid fly (Archytas apicifer)

tachinid fly (Cylindromyia interrupta)

tachinid fly (Family Tachinidae)

tachinid fly (Leskia similis)

tachinid fly (Thelaira americana)

tachinid fly (Xanthomelanodes arcuatus)

thick-headed fly (Myopa clausa)

thick-headed fly (Physoconops obscuripennis)

transverse flower fly

tufted globetail

 

 

violet leafwalker

 

 

 

 

 

 

white-spotted pond fly

willow catkin fly (Egle sp.)

willow pinecone gall midge

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

wood soldier fly (Xylomya terminalis)

woolly-tailed marsh fly

yellow-shouldered drone fly

 

 

 

No Species Page Yet?

If you do not see a linked page for an insect in the list at left, or the insect does not appear in the list, you can still upload a photo or video as an email attachment or report a sighting for that insect. Click on one of the buttons below and type in the common name and/or scientific name of the insect in your photo, video, or sighting. A new page will be created for that insect featuring your contribution.

These buttons not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.

 

Capitalization of Common Names

Insect scientific names are governed by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). Vernacular (common) names are not. In an attempt to “assure the uniformity of (common) names of common insects” the Entomological Society of America (ESA) published Common Names of Insects and Related Organisms. ESA has no rule or guideline that addresses capitalization of common names. However, the database of common names published by ESA does not capitalize common names. Most other sources, including ITIS, BAMONA, Odonata Central, and the Peterson Field Guides, capitalize common insect names. MinnesotaSeasons.com will adhere to the convention followed by ESA.

 

 


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