Minnesota Flies

Order Diptera

Diptera (flies) is the order of insects that is characterized as having a single pair of functional wings on the mesothorax and a pair of halteres, reduced, knob-like structures derived from the hind wings, on the metathorax. The order includes true flies, mosquitos, gnats, and midges.

There are more than 150,000 described, still living species worldwide, though there are thought to be twice that number, 17,000 species in North America north of Mexico.


eastern calligrapher



Recent Additions

Ferruginous tiger crane fly


With over 15,000 described species, the family Tipulidae (crane flies) is one of the largest families of true flies (Diptera). More than 1,600 species occur in North America. The subfamily Tipulinae (large crane flies) contains the largest of the crane flies. In North America, the vast majority of species are in the genera Tipula and Nephrotoma. The genus Nephrotoma (tiger crane flies) contains about 150 described species. The most common of these is ferruginous tiger crane fly (Nephrotoma ferruginea).

“Ferruginous” means reddish-brown or rust colored, but ferruginous tiger crane fly is more often described as orange in color. It is distinguished from other crane flies by the body color, the antennae that are entirely black except for the first two segments, and by a black spot at each end of a groove across the thorax.

  ferruginous tiger crane fly  
    Photo by Alfredo Colon  

Band-winged crane fly


Band-winged crane fly (Epiphragma fasciapenne) is a common, easily identified, moderate-sized crane fly. It occurs in the eastern United States and adjacent Canadian provinces east of the Great Plains. Eastern Minnesota is at the western edge of its range. It is found in floodplain woodlands and wooded areas adjacent to swamps.

Like all crane flies, the body is long and slim, the wings are long and narrow, and the legs are very long, very thin, and very fragile. The thorax has a distinct, V-shaped groove on top. The lower jaws each have a very long, antenna-like extension.

Band-winged crane fly is distinguished by the distinctive wing pattern with four bands of bordered brown spots, and by a dark brown band at the very tip of the third leg segment.

  band-winged crane fly  
    Photo by Alfredo Colon  

Lesser bulb fly (Eumerus spp.)


Eumerus is a genus of small hoverflies in the family Syrphidae. With 281 known species, it is one of the largest genera of flies. It is found throughout the Palearctic realm, which includes Europe, Asia north of the Himalayas, North Africa, and the northern and central parts of the Arabian Peninsula. Several Eumerus species have been introduced into North and South America. Three of these are known to occur in the United States: lesser bulb fly (Eumerus funeralis), narcissus bulb fly (Eumerus narcissi), and onion bulb fly (Eumerus strigatus). Collectively, they are known as lesser bulb flies.

Adult lesser bulb flies are black tinged with bronze. They have pale longitudinal stripes on the thorax and silvery-white stripes on the abdomen. The larvae are considered pests. They tunnel into plant bulbs, causing the bulbs to rot. The bulb either dies or produces stunted growth in the following growing season. In some areas, up to 25% of narcissus bulbs are infected.

  Lesser bulb fly (Eumerus spp.)  
    Photo by Alfredo Colon  

Long-tailed dance fly


Long-tailed dance fly (Rhamphomyia longicauda) is a small, black, long-legged fly. It is commonly found from May to July in deciduous woods near water. The wings are long and black. The head is round with large bright orange or red eyes. On the female, the middle and hind legs have a fringe of long, black, bristly hairs.

Every evening around sunset, males and females collect in same-sex swarms. Females and fly up and down, the behavior that gives this family its common name “dance-flies”. Females cannot hunt for prey. They receive protein from males as gifts in exchange for copulation. They swallow air, filling and extending their abdomen outward, saucer-like, falsely signaling males that their eggs are nearing maturity. The long hairy legs wrap around the abdomen, making it appear even larger. Males are attracted to females that have largest swollen abdomens and hairiest legs. An individual will break off and join the other swarm to select a mate.

  long-tailed dance fly  
    Photo by Alfredo Colon  

Bumble bee mimic robber fly (Laphria sacrator)


With 7,003 species in 530 genera worldwide, robber flies are one of the largest and most abundant families of insects alive today. Bee-like robber flies, as the common name for the genus suggests, resemble bees. There are 240 species of bee-like robber flies, 62 species in North America north of Mexico. Few of the species have been given a common name. Laphria sacrator is one of several species famous for being a bumble bee mimic, so “bumble bee mimic robber fly” will stand in for the common name.

Bumble bee mimic robber fly (Laphria sacrator) is a short, robust, medium-sized, bee-like robber fly. It is fairly common in northeastern and north-central United States, including Minnesota. It has a stout thorax and a short abdomen, both partially covered with long yellow hairs making it resemble a bumble bee. It is one of the hairiest of the bee-like robber flies. Adults are to 1 long.

  bumble bee mimic robber fly (Laphria sacrator)  
    Photo by Christa Rittberg  
Other Recent Additions

dance fly (Rhamphomyia vittata)

hybotid dance fly (Platypalpus spp.)

bearded bee fly (Anastoechus barbatus)

short-tailed aphideater (Eupeodes pomus)

drone flies (Eristalis spp.)

calyptrate flies (Zoosubsection Calyptratae)

  calyptrate fly (Zoosubsection Calyptratae)  
    Photo by Alfredo Colon  









This list includes only flies that have been recorded in Minnesota, but not all of the flies found in Minnesota.

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American hover fly (Eupeodes americanus)


American snout fly (Rhingia nasica)


antlered crane fly (Tanyptera dorsalis)

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antlered flutter fly (Toxonevra superba)

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aphideater (Eupeodes subg. Metasyrphus)


aster leafminer (Calycomyza humeralis)


bald-faced hornet fly (Spilomyia fusca)

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band-winged crane fly (Epiphragma fasciapenne)

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bare-bellied falsehorn (Temnostoma barberi)

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bare-eyed mimic (Mallota bautias)


bare-winged aphideater (Eupeodes perplexus)

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bearded bee fly (Anastoechus barbatus)


bee fly (Villa lateralis)

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bee-like robber fly (Laphria canis complex)

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bee-like robber fly (Laphria index)


bee-like robber fly (Laphria ithypyga)


bee-like robber fly (Laphria sericea)

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bee-like robber fly (Laphria spp.)


benign deer fly (Chrysops mitis)


bird hover fly (Eupeodes volucris)


black fly (Family Simuliidae)

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black horse fly (Tabanus atratus)

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black onion fly (Tritoxa flexa)


black spur fly (Teuchocnemis lituratus)


black-footed globetail (Sphaerophoria philanthus)


black-horned pufftail (Sphegina rufiventris)


blackjack oak leaf gall midge (Polystepha globosa)


black-legged bog fly (Parhelophilus flavifacies)

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black-shouldered drone fly (Eristalis dimidiata)


black-spotted falsehorn (Temnostoma excentrica)

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blue-green bottle fly (Lucilia coeruleiviridis)


broad-banded hornet fly (Spilomyia alcimus)


broad-headed marsh fly (Helophilus latifrons)


broad-striped globetail (Sphaerophoria brevipilosa)


Brooks’ bog fly (Parhelophilus brooksi)


brown robber fly (Proctacanthella cacopiliga)


brown-footed horse fly (Tabanus fulvicallus)

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bumble bee mimic robber fly (Laphria posticata)

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bumble bee mimic robber fly (Laphria sacrator)

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bumble bee mimic robber fly (Laphria thoracica)

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calyptrate flies (Zoosubsection Calyptratae)


Canada thistle stem gall fly (Urophora cardui)


chained horse fly (Tabanus catenatus)


common bog fly (Parhelophilus laetus)


common drone fly (Eristalis tenax)

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common eastern physocephala (Physocephala tibialis)

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common green bottle fly (Lucilia sericata)


common oblique syrphid fly (Allograpta obliqua)


common picture-winged fly (Delphinia picta)

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common snipe fly (Rhagio mystaceus)


common thickleg (Tropidia quadrata)


crane flies (Infraorder Tipulomorpha)


dance fly (Rhamphomyia fumosa)


dance fly (Rhamphomyia irregularis)


dance fly (Rhamphomyia luteiventris)


dance fly (Rhamphomyia pulla)

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dance fly (Rhamphomyia spp.)

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dance fly (Rhamphomyia vittata)


dark-winged fungus gnat (Eugnoriste spp.)


deer fly (Chrysops spp.)


devil’s leafwalker (Chalcosyrphus satanica)


dimorphic sickleleg (Polydontomyia curvipes)

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drone flies (Eristalis spp.)


dung fly (Scathophaga furcata)


dusky bog fly (Parhelophilus rex)


dusky drone dly (Eristalis obscura)


dusky mucksucker (Orthonevra pulchella)


dusky-banded leafwalker (Chalcosyrphus nemorum)


dusky-veined mucksucker (Orthonevra pictipennis)

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early tachinid fly (Epalpus signifer)

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eastern band-winged hover fly (Hypocritanus fascipennis)

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eastern calligrapher (Toxomerus geminatus)


eastern catkin fly (Brachypalpus oarus)

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eastern hornet fly (Spilomyia longicornis)


eastern swiftwing (Volucella evecta)


ebony pithead (Pipiza atrata)

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European crane fly (Tipula paludosa)


European drone fly (Eristalis arbustorum)


face fly (Musca autumnalis)

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false bee-killer (Promachus bastardii)


fen flies (Neoascia spp.)

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ferruginous tiger crane fly (Nephrotoma ferruginea)

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flat-footed fly (Agathomyia spp.)

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flies (Order Diptera)

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four-lined hornet fly (Spilomyia sayi)

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four-speckled hover fly (Dioprosopa clavata)


friendly fly (Sarcophaga aldrichi)

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fruit fly (Trupanea actinobola)


gall midge (Harmandiola cavernosa)


gall midge (Rhopalomyia artemisiae)


gall midge (Rhopalomyia baccarum)


gall midges and wood midges (Family Cecidomyiidae)


giant crane fly (Tipula abdominalis)


giant robber fly (Promachus fitchii)

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giant robber fly (Promachus vertebratus)

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gnat ogre (Holcocephala abdominalis)


gnat ogre (Holcocephala calva)

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golden dung fly (Scathophaga stercoraria)


goldenback (Pterallastes thoracicus)

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golden-backed snipe fly (Chrysopilus thoracicus)


goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

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goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)


grape gall midge (Schizomyia vitiscoryloides)

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grass fly (Thaumatomyia glabra)

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grasshopper bee fly (Systoechus vulgaris)

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hairy-eyed flower fly (Syrphus torvus)


hairy-eyed mimic (Mallota posticata)

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heleomyzid fly (Suillia quinquepunctata)

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horse fly (Tabanus spp.)


horse fly (Tabanus turbidus)


hourglass drone fly (Eristalis brousii)


house fly (Musca domestica)


hoverfly (Chrysotoxum fasciolatum)


hoverfly (Chrysotoxum laterale)

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hoverfly (Chrysotoxum spp.)


hoverfly (Epistrophe spp.)


hoverfly (Helophilus spp.)

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hoverfly (Pipiza spp.)

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hoverfly (Platycheirus spp.)

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hoverfly (Subfamily Syrphinae)


hoverfly (Xylota spp.)

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hunchback bee fly (Lepidophora lutea)

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hybotid dance fly (Platypalpus spp.)


hybotid dance fly (Platypalpus trivialis)


inland floodwater mosquito (Aedes vexans)

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large crane flies (Family Tipulidae)


large crane fly (Angarotipula illustris)


large crane fly (Platytipula ultima)

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large crane fly (Tipula borealis)


large crane fly (Tipula dorsimacula)

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large crane fly (Tipula submaculata)


large crane fly (Tipula trivittata)


large crane fly (Yamatotipula caloptera)


large crane fly (Yamatotipula furca)


leaf miner flies (Liriomyza spp.)


lesser bulb fly (Eumerus funeralis)

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lesser bulb fly (Eumerus spp.)

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lesser dung fly (Family Sphaeroceridae)


limoniid crane fly (Limonia annulata)

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linden wart gall midge (Contarinia verrucicola)


long hoverfly (Sphaerophoria scripta)


long-horned yellowjacket fly (Sphecomyia vittata)


longlegged fly (Condylostylus longicornis)


longlegged fly (Condylostylus patibulatus)

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longlegged fly (Condylostylus sipho group)

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longlegged fly (Dolichopus spp.)


long-nosed swamp fly (Eurimyia stipata


long-spined pufftail (Sphegina petiolata)

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long-tailed dance fly (Rhamphomyia longicauda)


marginal horse fly (Tabanus marginalis)


margined calligrapher (Toxomerus marginatus)


marsh crane fly (Tipula oleracea)

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marsh fly (Dictya spp.)


marsh fly (Tetanocera plebeja)


marsh greenbottle fly (Lucilia silvarum)


midwestern mimic (Mallota illinoensis)


mosquitoes (Aedes spp.)


narcissus bulb fly (Merodon equestris)


narrow-banded meadow fly (Chrysotoxum derivatum)


narrow-banded pond fly (Sericomyia militaris)

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narrow-headed marsh fly (Helophilus fasciatus)


non-biting midge (Acamptocladius dentolatens)

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non-biting midge (Axarus festivus)


non-biting midge (Chironomus atroviridis)


non-biting midge (Chironomus riparius)

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non-biting midge (Chironomus spp.)

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non-biting midge (Demeijerea brachialis)


non-biting midge (Diplocladius cultriger)


non-biting midge (Hyporhygma quadripunctatus)


non-biting midge (Kribiodorum perpulchrum)


non-biting midge (Lauterborniella agrayloides)


non-biting midge (Sublettea coffmani)


non-biting midge (Xenochironomus xenolabis)


non-biting midge (Xylotopus par)


non-biting midge (Zavreliella marmorata)

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non-biting midges (Tribe Chironomini)


Nova Scotia horse fly (Tabanus novaescotiae)


oak apple gall wasps (Amphibolips spp.)

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oak leaf gall midge (Polystepha pilulae)


oblique-banded pond fly (Sericomyia chrysotoxoides)

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ocellate gall midge (Acericecis ocellaris)


onion bulb fly (Eumerus strigatus)


orange-hipped leafwalker (Chalcosyrphus vecors)

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orange-horned hammertail (Sphegina campanulata)

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orange-legged drone fly (Eristalis flavipes)


orange-spined drone fly (Eristalis interrupta)


orange-spotted drone fly (Eristalis anthophorina)


ornate snipe fly (Chrysopilus ornatus)


picture-winged fly (Tritoxa incurva)


polished leafwalker (Xylota ejuncida)


pond olive (Cloeon dipterum)


punctate meadow fly (Chrysotoxum radiosum)

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quadrate snipe fly (Chrysopilus quadratus)


rabbit bot fly (Cuterebra buccata)

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red-tailed flesh fly (Sarcophaga haemorrhoidalis)


Reinwardt’s horse fly (Tabanus reinwardtii)

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robber flies (Family Asilidae)


rodent bot fly (Cuterebra grisea)

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rodent bot fly (Cuterebra spp.)


rodent bot fly (Cuterebra sterilator)

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root maggot fly (Hydrophoria lancifer)


sage horse fly (Tabanus sagax)


scaled pegleg (Myolepta strigilata)


scaly bee fly (Lepidophora lepidocera)

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shaved horse fly (Stonemyia rasa)


short-haired leafwalker (Chalcosyrphus piger)


short-spined leafwalker (Xylota tuberculata)

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short-tailed aphideater (Eupeodes pomus)


signal fly (Rivellia cognata)

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signal fly (Rivellia colei)


signal fly (Rivellia coquilletti)


signal fly (Rivellia flavimana)


signal fly (Rivellia melliginis)


signal fly (Rivellia metallica)


signal fly (Rivellia munda)


signal fly (Rivellia pallida)

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signal fly (Rivellia spp.)


signal fly (Rivellia steyskali)


signal fly (Rivellia variabilis)


signal fly (Rivellia viridulans)


signal fly (Rivellia winifredae)


similar horse fly (Tabanus similis)

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slender smoothtail (Epistrophella emarginata)


small red midge (Microtendipes pedellus)

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snow fly (Chionea valga)


soldier fly (Hedriodiscus binotatus)

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soldier fly (Stratiomys adelpha)


soldier fly (Stratiomys badia)


soldier fly (Stratiomys bruneri)

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soldier fly (Stratiomys discalis)


soldier fly (Stratiomys meigenii)

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soldier fly (Stratiomys norma)


soldier fly (Stratiomys normula)


soldier fly (Stratiomys unilimbata)


soybean nodule fly (Rivellia quadrifasciata)


spot-headed aphideater (Eupeodes neoperplexus)


spotted wood fly (Somula decora)

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spotted-wing drosophila (Drosophila suzukii)


squirrel bot fly (Cuterebra emasculator)

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stink fly (Coenomyia ferruginea)


striped horse fly (Tabanus lineola)


stygian horse fly (Tabanus stygius)


sumac gall pithead (Pipiza puella)


sunflower bullet gall midge (Pilodiplosis helianthibulla)

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swift feather-legged fly (Trichopoda pennipes)

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tachinid fly (Archytas apicifer)


tachinid fly (Compsilura concinnata)


tachinid fly (Cylindromyia argentia)


tachinid fly (Cylindromyia carolinae)


tachinid fly (Cylindromyia euchenor)

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tachinid fly (Cylindromyia interrupta)


tachinid fly (Family Tachinidae)

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tachinid fly (Leskia similis)


tachinid fly (Subfamily Exoristinae)

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tachinid fly (Thelaira americana)

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tachinid fly (Xanthomelanodes arcuatus)


thick-headed fly (Dalmannia nigriceps)

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thick-headed fly (Myopa clausa)


thick-headed fly (Physocephala furcillata)


thick-headed fly (Physocephala marginata)


thick-headed fly (Physocephala texana)


thick-headed fly (Physoconops brachyrhynchus)

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thick-headed fly (Physoconops obscuripennis)

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thick-legged hoverfly (Syritta pipiens)


three-spotted horse fly (Tabanus trimaculatus)

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transverse flower fly (Eristalis transversa)

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tufted globetail (Sphaerophoria contigua)


two-lined swamp fly (Lejops bilinearis)


two-spotted leafwalker (Xylota angustiventris)


unadorned bog fly (Parhelophilus obsoletus)


undivided lucent (Didea fuscipes)


variable aphideater (Eupeodes latifasciatus)

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violet leafwalker (Chalcosyrphus chalybeus)


walnut husk maggot fly (Rhagoletis suavis)


wasp-like falsehorn (Temnostoma alternans)


water snipe fly (Atherix variegata)


wavy mucksucker (Orthonevra nitida)


white snakeroot leaf miner (Liriomyza eupatoriella)


white-haired pithead (Pipiza femoralis)

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white-spotted pond fly (Sericomyia lata)


Williston’s wasp fly (Sphiximorpha willistoni)


willow catkin flies (Egle spp.)


willow catkin fly (Egle atomaria)


willow catkin fly (Egle longipalpis)

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willow pinecone gall midge (Rabdophaga strobiloides)


willow rosette gall midge (Rabdophaga salicisbrassicoides)


Winnebago lake fly (Chironomus plumosus)


winter crane fly (Trichocera spp.)


wood nettle gall midge (Dasineura investita)


wood soldier fly (Xylomya americana)


wood soldier fly (Xylomya aterrima)


wood soldier fly (Xylomya tenthredinoides)

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wood soldier fly (Xylomya terminalis)


woolly-tailed marsh fly (Helophilus hybridus)


yellow-faced swiftwing (Volucella facialis)


yellow-haired falsehorn (Temnostoma balyras)


yellowjacket hover fly (Milesia virginiensis)

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yellow-shouldered drone fly (Eristalis stipator)


yellow-spotted pond fly (Sericomyia transversa)


yellow-spotted sapeater (Brachyopa vacua)


Acamptocladius dentolatens (non-biting midge)

Acericecis ocellaris (ocellate gall midge)

Aedes spp. (mosquitoes)

Aedes vexans (inland floodwater mosquito)

Agathomyia spp. (flat-footed fly)

Allograpta obliqua (common oblique syrphid fly)

Amphibolips spp. (oak apple gall wasps)

Anastoechus barbatus (bearded bee fly)

Angarotipula illustris (large crane fly)

Archytas apicifer (tachinid fly)

Asilidae (robber fly)

Atherix variegata (water snipe fly)

Axarus festivus (non-biting midge)

Brachyopa vacua (yellow-spotted sapeater)

Brachypalpus oarus (eastern catkin fly)

Calycomyza humeralis (aster leafminer)

Calyptratae (calyptrate flies)

Cecidomyiidae (gall midges and wood midges)

Chalcosyrphus chalybeus (violet leafwalker)

Chalcosyrphus nemorum (dusky-banded leafwalker)

Chalcosyrphus piger (short-haired leafwalker)

Chalcosyrphus satanica (devil’s leafwalker)

Chalcosyrphus vecors (orange-hipped leafwalker)

Chionea valga (snow fly)

Chironomini (non-biting midges)

Chironomus atroviridis (non-biting midge)

Chironomus plumosus (Winnebago lake fly)

Chironomus riparius (non-biting midge)

Chironomus spp. (non-biting midge)

Chrysopilus ornatus (ornate snipe fly)

Chrysopilus quadratus (quadrate snipe fly)

Chrysopilus thoracicus (golden-backed snipe fly)

Chrysops mitis (benign deer fly)

Chrysops spp. (deer fly)

Chrysotoxum derivatum (narrow-banded meadow fly)

Chrysotoxum fasciolatum (hoverfly)

Chrysotoxum laterale (hoverfly)

Chrysotoxum radiosum (punctate meadow fly)

Chrysotoxum spp. (hoverfly)

Cloeon dipterum (pond olive)

Coenomyia ferruginea (stink fly)

Compsilura concinnata (tachinid fly)

Condylostylus longicornis (longlegged fly)

Condylostylus patibulatus (longlegged fly)

Condylostylus sipho group (longlegged fly)

Contarinia verrucicola (linden wart gall midge)

Cuterebra buccata (rabbit bot fly)

Cuterebra emasculator (squirrel bot fly)

Cuterebra grisea (rodent bot fly)

Cuterebra spp. (rodent bot fly)

Cuterebra sterilator (rodent bot fly)

Cylindromyia argentia (tachinid fly)

Cylindromyia carolinae (tachinid fly)

Cylindromyia euchenor (tachinid fly)

Cylindromyia interrupta (tachinid fly)

Dalmannia nigriceps (thick-headed fly)

Dasineura investita (wood nettle gall midge)

Delphinia picta (common picture-winged fly)

Demeijerea brachialis (non-biting midge)

Dictya spp. (marsh fly)

Didea fuscipes (undivided lucent)

Dioprosopa clavata (four-speckled hover fly)

Diplocladius cultriger (non-biting midge)

Diptera (flies)

Dolichopus spp. (longlegged fly)

Drosophila suzukii (spotted-wing drosophila)

Egle atomaria (willow catkin fly)

Egle longipalpis (willow catkin fly)

Egle spp. (willow catkin flies)

Epalpus signifer (early tachinid fly)

Epiphragma fasciapenne (band-winged crane fly)

Epistrophe spp. (hoverfly)

Epistrophella emarginata (slender smoothtail)

Eristalis anthophorina (orange-spotted drone fly)

Eristalis arbustorum (European drone fly)

Eristalis brousii (hourglass drone fly)

Eristalis dimidiata (black-shouldered drone fly)

Eristalis flavipes (orange-legged drone fly)

Eristalis interrupta (orange-spined drone fly)

Eristalis obscura (dusky drone dly)

Eristalis spp. (drone flies)

Eristalis stipator (yellow-shouldered drone fly)

Eristalis tenax (common drone fly)

Eristalis transversa (transverse flower fly)

Eugnoriste spp. (dark-winged fungus gnat)

Eumerus funeralis (lesser bulb fly)

Eumerus spp. (lesser bulb fly)

Eumerus strigatus (onion bulb fly)

Eupeodes americanus (American hover fly)

Eupeodes latifasciatus (variable aphideater)

Eupeodes neoperplexus (spot-headed aphideater)

Eupeodes perplexus (bare-winged aphideater)

Eupeodes pomus (short-tailed aphideater)

Eupeodes subg. Metasyrphus (aphideater)

Eupeodes volucris (bird hover fly)

Eurimyia stipata (long-nosed swamp fly)

Eurosta solidaginis (goldenrod gall fly)

Exoristinae (tachinid fly)

Harmandiola cavernosa (gall midge)

Hedriodiscus binotatus (soldier fly)

Helophilus fasciatus (narrow-headed marsh fly)

Helophilus hybridus (woolly-tailed marsh fly)

Helophilus latifrons (broad-headed marsh fly)

Helophilus spp. (hoverfly)

Holcocephala abdominalis (gnat ogre)

Holcocephala calva (gnat ogre)

Hydrophoria lancifer (root maggot fly)

Hypocritanus fascipennis (eastern band-winged hover fly)

Hyporhygma quadripunctatus (non-biting midge)

Kribiodorum perpulchrum (non-biting midge)

Laphria canis complex (bee-like robber fly)

Laphria index (bee-like robber fly)

Laphria ithypyga (bee-like robber fly)

Laphria posticata (bumble bee mimic robber fly)

Laphria sacrator (bumble bee mimic robber fly)

Laphria sericea (bee-like robber fly)

Laphria spp. (bee-like robber fly)

Laphria thoracica (bumble bee mimic robber fly)

Lauterborniella agrayloides (non-biting midge)

Lejops bilinearis (two-lined swamp fly)

Lepidophora lepidocera (scaly bee fly)

Lepidophora lutea (hunchback bee fly)

Leskia similis (tachinid fly)

Limonia annulata (limoniid crane fly)

Liriomyza eupatoriella (white snakeroot leaf miner)

Liriomyza spp. (leaf miner flies)

Lucilia coeruleiviridis (blue-green bottle fly)

Lucilia sericata (common green bottle fly)

Lucilia silvarum (marsh greenbottle fly)

Mallota bautias (bare-eyed mimic)

Mallota illinoensis (midwestern mimic)

Mallota posticata (hairy-eyed mimic)

Merodon equestris (narcissus bulb fly)

Microtendipes pedellus (small red midge)

Milesia virginiensis (yellowjacket hover fly)

Musca autumnalis (face fly)

Musca domestica (house fly)

Myolepta strigilata (scaled pegleg)

Myopa clausa (thick-headed fly)

Neoascia spp. (fen flies)

Nephrotoma ferruginea (ferruginous tiger crane fly)

Orthonevra nitida (wavy mucksucker)

Orthonevra pictipennis (dusky-veined mucksucker)

Orthonevra pulchella (dusky mucksucker)

Parhelophilus brooksi (Brooks’ bog fly)

Parhelophilus flavifacies (black-legged bog fly)

Parhelophilus laetus (common bog fly)

Parhelophilus obsoletus (unadorned bog fly)

Parhelophilus rex (dusky bog fly)

Physocephala furcillata (thick-headed fly)

Physocephala marginata (thick-headed fly)

Physocephala texana (thick-headed fly)

Physocephala tibialis (common eastern physocephala)

Physoconops brachyrhynchus (thick-headed fly)

Physoconops obscuripennis (thick-headed fly)

Pilodiplosis helianthibulla (sunflower bullet gall midge)

Pipiza atrata (ebony pithead)

Pipiza femoralis (white-haired pithead)

Pipiza puella (sumac gall pithead)

Pipiza spp. (hoverfly)

Platycheirus spp. (hoverfly)

Platypalpus spp. (hybotid dance fly)

Platypalpus trivialis hybotid dance fly)

Platytipula ultima (large crane fly)

Polydontomyia curvipes (dimorphic sickleleg)

Polystepha globosa (blackjack oak leaf gall midge)

Polystepha pilulae (oak leaf gall midge)

Proctacanthella cacopiliga (brown robber fly)

Promachus bastardii (false bee-killer)

Promachus fitchii (giant robber fly)

Promachus vertebratus (giant robber fly)

Pterallastes thoracicus (goldenback)

Rabdophaga salicisbrassicoides (willow rosette gall midge)

Rabdophaga strobiloides (willow pinecone gall midge)

Rhagio mystaceus (common snipe fly)

Rhagoletis suavis (walnut husk maggot fly)

Rhamphomyia fumosa (dance fly)

Rhamphomyia irregularis (dance fly)

Rhamphomyia longicauda (long-tailed dance fly)

Rhamphomyia luteiventris (dance fly)

Rhamphomyia pulla (dance fly)

Rhamphomyia spp. (dance fly)

Rhamphomyia vittata (dance fly)

Rhingia nasica (American snout fly)

Rhopalomyia artemisiae (gall midge)

Rhopalomyia baccarum (gall midge)

Rhopalomyia solidaginis (goldenrod bunch gall midge)

Rivellia cognata (signal fly)

Rivellia colei (signal fly)

Rivellia coquilletti (signal fly)

Rivellia flavimana (signal fly)

Rivellia melliginis (signal fly)

Rivellia metallica (signal fly)

Rivellia munda (signal fly)

Rivellia pallida (signal fly)

Rivellia quadrifasciata (soybean nodule fly)

Rivellia spp. (signal fly)

Rivellia steyskali (signal fly)

Rivellia variabilis (signal fly)

Rivellia viridulans (signal fly)

Rivellia winifredae (signal fly)

Sarcophaga aldrichi (friendly fly)

Sarcophaga haemorrhoidalis (red-tailed flesh fly)

Scathophaga furcata (dung fly)

Scathophaga stercoraria (golden dung fly)

Schizomyia vitiscoryloides (grape gall midge)

Sericomyia chrysotoxoides (oblique-banded pond fly)

Sericomyia lata (white-spotted pond fly)

Sericomyia militaris (narrow-banded pond fly)

Sericomyia transversa (yellow-spotted pond fly)

Simuliidae (black fly)

Somula decora (spotted wood fly)

Sphaeroceridae (lesser dung fly)

Sphaerophoria brevipilosa (broad-striped globetail)

Sphaerophoria contigua (tufted globetail)

Sphaerophoria philanthus (black-footed globetail)

Sphaerophoria scripta (long hoverfly)

Sphecomyia vittata (long-horned yellowjacket fly)

Sphegina campanulata (orange-horned hammertail)

Sphegina petiolata (long-spined pufftail)

Sphegina rufiventris (black-horned pufftail)

Sphiximorpha willistoni (Williston’s wasp fly)

Spilomyia alcimus (broad-banded hornet fly)

Spilomyia fusca (bald-faced hornet fly)

Spilomyia longicornis (eastern hornet fly)

Spilomyia sayi (four-lined hornet fly)

Stonemyia rasa (shaved horse fly)

Stratiomys adelpha (soldier fly)

Stratiomys badia (soldier fly)

Stratiomys bruneri (soldier fly)

Stratiomys discalis (soldier fly)

Stratiomys meigenii (soldier fly)

Stratiomys norma (soldier fly)

Stratiomys normula (soldier fly)

Stratiomys unilimbata (soldier fly)

Suillia quinquepunctata (heleomyzid fly)

Syritta pipiens (thick-legged hoverfly)

Syrphinae (hoverfly)

Syrphus torvus (hairy-eyed flower fly)

Systoechus vulgaris (grasshopper bee fly)

Tabanus atratus (black horse fly)

Tabanus catenatus (chained horse fly)

Tabanus fulvicallus (brown-footed horse fly)

Tabanus lineola (striped horse fly)

Tabanus marginalis (marginal horse fly)

Tabanus novaescotiae (Nova Scotia horse fly)

Tabanus reinwardtii (Reinwardt’s horse fly)

Tabanus sagax (sage horse fly)

Tabanus similis (similar horse fly)

Tabanus spp. (horse fly)

Tabanus stygius (stygian horse fly)

Tabanus trimaculatus (three-spotted horse fly)

Tabanus turbidus (horse fly)

Tachinidae (tachinid fly)

Tanyptera dorsalis (antlered crane fly)

Temnostoma alternans (wasp-like falsehorn)

Temnostoma balyras (yellow-haired falsehorn)

Temnostoma barberi (bare-bellied falsehorn)

Temnostoma excentrica (black-spotted falsehorn)

Tetanocera plebeja (marsh fly)

Teuchocnemis lituratus (black spur fly)

Thaumatomyia glabra (grass fly)

Thelaira americana (tachinid fly)

Tipula abdominalis (giant crane fly)

Tipula borealis (large crane fly)

Tipula dorsimacula (large crane fly)

Tipula oleracea (marsh crane fly)

Tipula paludosa (European crane fly)

Tipula submaculata (large crane fly)

Tipula trivittata (large crane fly)

Tipulidae (large crane flies)

Tipulomorpha (crane fly)

Toxomerus geminatus (eastern calligrapher)

Toxomerus marginatus (margined calligrapher)

Toxonevra superba (antlered flutter fly)

Trichocera spp. (winter crane fly)

Trichopoda pennipes (swift feather-legged fly)

Tritoxa flexa (black onion fly)

Tritoxa incurva (picture-winged fly)

Tropidia quadrata (common thickleg)

Trupanea actinobola (fruit fly)

Urophora cardui (Canada thistle stem gall fly)

Villa lateralis (bee fly)

Volucella evecta (eastern swiftwing)

Volucella facialis (yellow-faced swiftwing)

Xanthomelanodes arcuatus (tachinid fly)

Xenochironomus xenolabis (non-biting midge)

Xylomya americana (wood soldier fly)

Xylomya aterrima (wood soldier fly)

Xylomya tenthredinoides (wood soldier fly)

Xylomya terminalis (wood soldier fly)

Xylota angustiventris (two-spotted leafwalker)

Xylota ejuncida (polished leafwalker)

Xylota spp. (hoverfly)

Xylota tuberculata (short-spined leafwalker)

Xylotopus par (non-biting midge)

Yamatotipula caloptera (large crane fly)

Yamatotipula furca (large crane fly)

Zavreliella marmorata (non-biting midge)


American hover fly

antlered flutter fly

band-winged crane fly

bare-bellied falsehorn

bare-eyed mimic

bearded bee fly

bee fly (Villa lateralis)

bee-like robber fly (Laphria canis complex)

bee-like robber fly (Laphria index)

bee-like robber fly (Laphria sp.)

black-shouldered drone fly

blue-green bottle fly

bumble bee mimic robber fly (Laphria posticata)

bumble bee mimic robber fly (Laphria sacrator)

bumble bee mimic robber fly (Laphria thoracica)

calyptrate fly (Zoosubsection Calyptratae)

common eastern physocephala

common green bottle fly

common snipe fly

dance fly (Rhamphomyia sp.)

dance fly (Rhamphomyia vittata)

early tachinid fly

eastern band-winged hover fly

eastern calligrapher

eastern hornet fly

European crane fly

fly (Order Diptera)

ferruginous tiger crane fly

flat-footed fly (Agathomyia sp.)

four-lined hornet fly

four-speckled hover fly

fruit fly (Trupanea actinobola)

giant robber fly (vertebratus)

gnat ogre (Holcocephala abdominalis)

golden-backed snipe fly

golden dung fly (Scathophaga stercoraria)

goldenrod bunch gall midge

goldenrod gall fly

grasshopper bee fly

hairy-eyed flower fly

heleomyzid fly (Suillia quinquepunctata)

horse fly

hoverfly (Chrysotoxum sp.)

hoverfly (Pipiza sp.)

hoverfly (Platycheirus sp.)

hoverfly (Xylota sp.)

hunchback bee fly

hybotid dance fly (Platypalpus sp.)

large crane fly (Family Tipulidae)

large crane fly (Tipula submaculata)

lesser bulb fly (Eumerus sp.)

lesser dung fly (Sphaeroceridae)

limoniid crane fly (Limonia annulata)

large crane fly (Tipula borealis)

linden wart gall midge

long-tailed dance fly

longlegged fly (Condylostylus sipho)

longlegged fly (Dolichopus sp.)

margined calligrapher

marsh fly (Dictya expansa)

midge (Axarus festivus)

narrow-headed marsh fly

non-biting midge (Chironomus sp.)

non-biting midge (Demeijerea brachialis)

non-biting midge (Tribe Chironomini)

oak leaf gall midge

ocellate gall midge

orange-horned hammertail

orange-legged drone fly

quadrate snipe fly

red-tailed flesh fly

rodent bot fly (Cuterebra sp.)

root maggot fly (Hydrophoria lancifer)

shaved horse fly

short-tailed aphideater

signal fly (Rivellia colei)

slender smoothtail

snow fly

soldier fly (Stratiomys adelpha or discalis)

soldier fly (Stratiomys norma)

signal fly (Rivellia sp.)

spotted-wing drosophila

stink fly

swift feather-legged fly

tachinid fly (Archytas apicifer)

tachinid fly (Cylindromyia interrupta)

tachinid fly (Leskia similis)

tachinid fly (Thelaira americana)

tachinid fly (Xanthomelanodes arcuatus)

thick-headed fly (Myopa clausa)

thick-headed fly (Physoconops obscuripennis)

thick-legged hoverfly

transverse flower fly

tufted globetail

violet leafwalker

white-spotted pond fly

willow catkin fly (Egle sp.)

willow pinecone gall midge

wood soldier fly (Xylomya terminalis)

woolly-tailed marsh fly

yellow-shouldered drone fly




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Capitalization of Common Names

Insect scientific names are governed by the International Commission on Zoological Nomenclature (ICZN). Vernacular (common) names are not. In an attempt to “assure the uniformity of (common) names of common insects” the Entomological Society of America (ESA) published Common Names of Insects and Related Organisms. ESA has no rule or guideline that addresses capitalization of common names. However, the database of common names published by ESA does not capitalize common names. National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) also uses uncapitalized common names. Most other sources, including ITIS, BAMONA, Odonata Central, and the Peterson Field Guides, capitalize common insect names. MinnesotaSeasons.com will adhere to the convention followed by ESA and NCBI.



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