common green bottle fly

(Lucilia sericata)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

common green bottle fly

NatureServe

not listed

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common and widespread

Flight/Season

Three or four generations per year. Early spring to late fall.

         
          Photo by Alfredo Colon
Habitat

Warm moist climates; common around farms, slaughterhouses, and garbage cans.

Size

Total Length: to ½

 
 
Identification

Common green bottle fly is a medium-sized blowfly. It occurs throughout the world on every continent except Greenland and Antarctica. It is common in Minnesota. It is found in a wide variety of habitats but prefers warm, moist places. It is common around farms, slaughterhouses, and garbage cans.

Adults are to ½ long, slightly larger than a house fly.

The thorax is metallic bluish-green, gold, or both. It is covered with numerous short, black, bristle-like hairs (setae), and several parallel rows of long black bristles. Three grooves across the thorax delineate the three thoracic sections. On the middle section (scutum), the two rows of bristles closest to the middle each have 3 bristles.

The abdomen is similar in color to the thorax.

The face is silvery. The eyes are red. The antennae are black. The mouthparts are yellowish.

The legs are black.

The wings are clear and have light brown veins.

 
Similar
Species

 

 
Larval Food

Partially decomposed animal tissue in dead fish and other animals, dung, and garbage containing animal matter. Live sheep.

 
Adult Food

Males usually feed on flower nectar; females also feed on animal tissue

 
Life Cycle

The female deposits a mass of up to 180 white or pale yellow eggs in carrion, dung, or garbage. Over the space of 3 weeks the female will lay a total of 2,000 to 3,000 eggs in 9 or 10 batches. The number and size of batches depends on the temperature. When the eggs hatch the maggots begin feeding on the material to which they are attached. They reach full size in 4 to 9 days, enter a pre-pupal stage, then burrow into the soil. In 7 to 115 days, depending on soil temperature, the adults emerge. Over the next 48 hours the body hardens and the wings become functional. Mating begins 3 to 8 days after emergence. Adults can travel many miles searching for carrion or another suitable breeding location.

In Minnesota there are 3 or 4 generations per year. The last generation overwinters in the soil as larva.

 
Behavior

 

 
Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 7, 24, 29, 30, 82.

 
Comments

Forensics
This is often one of the first insects to visit a corpse, sometimes within minutes of death. Forensic scientists use the development of the larva of this species to determine the age of a corpse.

Maggot Therapy
Larvae are used on humans to painlessly remove dead or decaying tissue from wounds while leaving healthy tissue untouched and secreting a chemical that promotes tissue regeneration.

 
Taxonomy

Order:

Diptera (gnats, mosquitoes, true flies)

 

Suborder:

Brachycera (circular-seamed flies, mouches muscoïdes, muscoid flies, short-horned flies)

 

Infraorder:

Muscomorpha

  No Rank:

Eremoneura

  No Rank:

Cyclorrhapha

 

Section:

Schizophora (muscoid flies)

 

Subsection:

Calyptratae (calyptrates)

 

Superfamily:

Oestroidea

 

Family:

Calliphoridae (blow flies, bluebottles, cluster flies, greenbottles)

 

Subfamily:

Luciliinae

 

Genus:

Lucilia (greenbottle flies)

   
 

This species was formerly classified as Phaenicia sericata.

 
Synonyms

Lucilia barberi

Lucilia giraulti

Lucilia sayi

Musca sericata

Phaenicia sericata

 
Common
Names

common European greenbottle fly

common green bottle fly

sheep blow fly

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Scutum

The forward (anterior) portion of the middle segment of the thorax (mesonotum) in insects and some arachnids.

 

Seta

A usually rigid bristle- or hair-like outgrowth on butterflies and moths used to sense touch. Plural: setae.

 

 

 

 

 

       
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Alfredo Colon
       
  common green bottle fly    
       
Bill Reynolds
       
  common green bottle fly    
       
       
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  common green bottle fly   common green bottle fly
       

 

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Slideshows
   
  Common Green Bottle Fly (Lucilia sericata)
Bill Keim
 
  Common Green Bottle Fly (Lucilia sericata)  

 

slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  Common green bottle fly (Phaenicia sericata, or Lucilia sericata)
The Nature Box
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 26, 2014

You can use any of the free content on this channel for your projects. Please follow the license stated below.

Common green bottle fly (Phaenicia sericata), filmed in the U.K. on 25 July 2014.

Author: The Nature Box
License: CC BY-SA 4.0
Link: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Common_green_bottle_fly_%28Phaenicia_sericata%29.webm

   
       
  microscope video: Common green bottle fly / Goldfliege unter dem USB-Mikroskop
hobby-video-creator
 
   
 
About

Published on Aug 5, 2013

Close-up of a Common green bottle fly. Impressive is the coloration with a metallic look. ### Nahaufnahme von einer Goldfliege. Beeindruckend ist der grün-gold glänzende Körper.

   
       
  Mucha zielona ( Lucilla sericata ) lucilia skórnica
ikiel24
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 30, 2013

https://myspace.com/ikiel24

   
       
  Birth of Lucilia sericata (Padua - IT)
Marcello Consolo
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 6, 2014

Nascita di una Lucilia sericata

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
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Alfredo Colon
8/21/2019

Location: Woodbury, MN

common green bottle fly


Bill Reynolds
9/23/2014

 

common green bottle fly


     
     
 
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Created 9/26/2014

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