transverse flower fly

(Eristalis transversa)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not listed

transverse flower fly

 

NatureServe

not listed

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common and widespread

Flight/Season

Late April to mid-October

Habitat

 

Size

Total Length: to 7 16

          Photo by Alfredo Colon

Identification

Transverse flower fly is a moderate-sized syrphid fly. It occurs in the United States from Maine to South Dakota, south to Texas and Georgia, and in Ontario and Quebec. It is common in most of its range, including eastern Minnesota.

Adults are to 7 16 long and very hairy. Larvae of the genus Eristalis are known as rat-tailed maggots.

The head is hemispherical and slightly wider than the thorax. There are two large compound eyes on the sides of the head and and three small simple eyes (ocelli) in a triangle on top of the head. On the male the eyes meet at the top of the head. On the female they do not. The upper half of each compound eye is conspicuously covered with short erect hairs. The face is densely hairy and is not projected forward. The antennae are short and have just three segments. The first and second segments are short and mostly reddish-yellow, brownish or blackish just at the joints. The third segment is oval and mostly reddish-yellow, brownish or blackish just on the top. At the base of the third segment there is a reddish bristle (arista). The arista has sparse, fine hairs, giving it a feathery (plumose) appearance just near the base.

The thorax is large and opaque black with two grayish, broad, horizontal bands. It is covered with abundant short, erect, yellow hairs. The exoskeletal plate between the wing bases (scutellum) is large, rounded, and mostly bright yellow but with a narrow black band at the base.

The abdomen is longer and broader than the thorax, elliptical when viewed from above, and convex when viewed from the side. It is black with bright yellow markings. There are five visible segments. On the male, segment 1 is very narrow and entirely black. Segment 2 has a large yellow triangle on each forward lateral margin and a bright yellow band at the rear margin. Segment 3 has a broad rectangular yellow spot on each side at the forward margin and a yellow band at the rear margin. Segment 4 has a small yellow spot on each forward lateral margin, a yellow band on the rear margin, and a grayish shining band in the middle. The abdomen is densely covered with short erect hairs, black hairs in the black areas, yellow hairs in the yellow areas. On the female the abdominal markings are very different. The triangles on segment 2 are smaller. There are no rectangular markings on segment 3. Segments 2 through 5 all have a narrow yellow band on the rear margin and a grayish shining band near the front. On segment 3 there is sometimes a narrow yellow stripe on each side at the front margin.

The legs are variable but are usually mostly black with yellow at the tip of the third segment (femur) and at the base of the fourth segment (tibia). The femur on the hind leg is slender, not thickened.

The wings are mostly clear, a little yellowish at the base. There is a spurious vein between the radius (R) and media (M) veins. The cross-vein that runs between the radius and media veins (R-M cross-vein) does so near the middle of the discal cell. The anal cell is long and is closed near the wing margin. The marginal, R5, and M2 cells are also closed.

 
Similar
Species

 


Larval Food

Aphids and other soft-bodied insects, decaying organic matter

 
Adult Food

Flower pollen and nectar and aphid honeydew

 
Life Cycle

Eggs are sometimes laid in beetles

 
Behavior

Adults are found on flowers.


Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 24, 29, 30.


Comments

 


Taxonomy

Order:

Diptera (gnats, mosquitoes, true flies)

 

Suborder:

Brachycera (circular-seamed flies, mouches muscoïdes, muscoid flies, short-horned flies)

 

Infraorder:

Muscomorpha

  no rank:

Eremoneura

  no rank:

Cyclorrhapha (circular-seamed flies)

 

Section:

Aschiza

 

Superfamily:

Syrphoidea

 

Family:

Syrphidae (hover flies)

 

Subfamily:

Eristalinae

 

Tribe:

Eristalini

 

Subtribe:

Eristalina

 

Genus:

Eristalis

 

Subgenus:

Eoseristalis

 
Synonyms

Eristalis fascicollis

Eristalis philadelphicus

Eristalis pumilus

Eristalis transversus

Eristalis vittata

Eristalis zonatus

Eristalomyia calomera

 
Common
Names

transverse flower fly


 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Femur

On insects and arachnids, the third, largest, most robust segment of the leg, coming immediately before the tibia. On humans, the thigh bone.

 

Ocellus

Simple eye; an eye with a single lens. Plural: ocelli.

 

Scutellum

The exoskeletal plate covering the rearward (posterior) part of the middle segment of the thorax in some insects. In Coleoptera, Hemiptera, and Homoptera, the dorsal, often triangular plate behind the pronotum and between the bases of the front wings. In Diptera, the exoskeletal plate between the abdomen and the thorax.

 

Tibia

The fourth segment of an insect leg, after the femur and before the tarsus (foot).

 

 

 

 

 

       

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Alfredo Colon


  transverse flower fly    

       
       
       

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  Transverse Flower Fly (Eristalis transversa)
Bill Keim
 
  Transverse Flower Fly (Eristalis transversa)  
     
  Transverse Flower Fly (Eristalis transversa)
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Transverse Flower Fly (Eristalis transversa)  

 

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Other Videos

 
  Transverse Flower Fly (Eristalis transversa) - Working
Nature's Wild Things
 
   
 
About

Published on May 11, 2017

Transverse Flower Fly (Eristalis transversa) Working

Video 30 sec long - Clip 1 72% speed - Clip 2 22% speed - Audio none

Cabarrus County, North Carolina, United States

Photo Walk - 05-06-2017

 
     
  Transverse Flower Fly - August 31 2013
Don Gagnon
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 3, 2013

Transverse Flower Fly (Eristalis transversa), Pottersville Woods, near Purington Street, Somerset, Massachusetts, Saturday afternoon, August 31, 2013, 5:02 PM - Canon PowerShot SX50 HS MVI_44538; 1:00 min.

 
     

 

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Alfredo Colon
7/23/2018

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

transverse flower fly


     
     
 

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