large crane flies

(Family Tipulidae)

Overview
large crane fly (Family Tipulidae)
Photo by Luciearl
  Tipulidae, called large crane flies, is one of the largest families of flies. There are more than 15,000 species worldwide, almost 1,500 species in North America north of Mexico, and at least 116 species in Minnesota. They are very common and very widespread, having been found on every continent including Greenland and Antarctica. Larvae feed on decaying organic material either in water or in moist soil. Adults feed on flower nectar. They are found around abundant vegetation often near water.      
           
 
Description
 
 

Large crane flies have very long legs and look like mosquitoes, but they do not bite. They are sometimes inaccurately called “mosquito hawks,” but they are anatomically unable to eat other insects.

Adults are to 1 (10 to 35 mm) in length. There are two compound eyes but no simple eyes (ocelli). The paired, antennae-like, sensory appendages attached to the mouth (maxillary palps) have four segments. The last segment is very long, longer than the other three segments combined. There is a distinct V-shaped groove on the plate on the upper side of the second thoracic segment (scutum). On the wing the radius vein (R) has 4 or fewer branches, and 2 anal veins extend to the wing margin.

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

24, 27, 29, 30.

 
  7/18/2019      
         
 
Taxonomy
 
 

Order:

Diptera (gnats, mosquitoes, true flies)

 
 

Suborder:

Nematocera (long-horned flies)

 
 

Infraorder:

Tipulomorpha (crane flies)

 
 

Superfamily:

Tipuloidea

 
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Subfamily Ctenophorinae

Subfamily Dolichopezinae

Subfamily Tipulinae

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

crane flies

large crane flies

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Maxillae

Paired mouth structures of arthropods located immediately behind the mandible and used for tasting and manipulating food.

 

Ocellus

Simple eye; an eye with a single lens. Plural: ocelli.

 

Palp

Short for pedipalp. A segmented, finger-like process of an arthropod; one is attached to each maxilla and two are attached to the labium. They function as sense organs in spiders and insects, and as weapons in scorpions. Plural: palpi.

 

Scutum

The forward (anterior) portion of the middle segment of the thorax (mesonotum) in insects and some arachnids.

 

 

 

 

 

       
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Charlie Heitzig
       
  large crane fly (Family Tipulidae)    
       
Luciearl
       

Resting on the garage door.

  large crane fly (Family Tipulidae)    
       
Alfredo Colon
       
  large crane fly (Family Tipulidae)    
       
       
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Other Videos
 
  Crane fly, Tipulidae
Glen Warren
 
   
 
About

Published on Nov 29, 2016

Crane fly, Tipulidae.

   
       

 

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Visitor Sightings
   

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Charlie Heitzig
8/29/2020

Location: Hennepin County

large crane fly (Family Tipulidae)


Luciearl
6/13/2020

Location: Cass County

Resting on the garage door.

large crane fly (Family Tipulidae)


     
     
 
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Created: 7/18/2019

Last Updated:

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