red osier dogwood

(Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

red osier dogwood

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

FACW - Facultative wetland

Midwest

FACW - Facultative wetland

Northcentral & Northeast

FACW - Facultative wetland

Nativity

Native

 
Occurrence

Very common

 
Habitat

Moist. Swamps, marshes, fens, meadows, lake shores, river banks, and ditch banks. Full to partial sun. Shade intolerant.

 
Flowering

Two flushes: Mid-May to early June and July to mid-August

     
Flower Color

Creamy white

     
Height

3 to 13

     

Identification

This is an erect, perennial shrub that rises usually on multiple stems. It can be up to 13 tall and up to 1¼ in diameter, but is usually no more than 10 in height. It rises from a shallow, branching, woody root system.

Its form is highly dependent on its habitat. When growing in full sun, numerous stems form a dense, compact, rounded shrub about as wide as it is tall; the individual stems have many lateral branches; and the leaves are thicker and smaller. When growing in shade, numerous stems form open sprawling shrubs with few branches, and the leaves are thinner and larger. When growing in a dense grassy area the stems tend to be solitary and unbranched.

Shrubs reproduce vegetatively in three ways. In a process called layering, shrubs produce stems that lie on the ground with only the tips ascending (decumbent). A decumbent stem roots at a node, produces an aerial stem, and eventually detaches, forming a new plant. Shrubs also produce aboveground runners (stolons) that root at the nodes and produce new plants. Stolons can be up to 10 long. Finally, lower branches may droop to the ground, root at the tip, and send up a new shoot. Vegetative reproduction often results in dense thickets.

Stems may be erect, arched, or decumbent, and are usually branched toward the top. In a colony, the middle stems tend to be upright while those on the periphery are arched, forming a rounded clump.

First-year twigs are slightly hairy and and have a few raised, corky bumps (lenticels). They are dark red at first, sometimes green splotched with red, becoming greenish-red then grayish-green as the season progresses. They are not streaked or spotted. Second-year twigs are similar in color but hairless. In winter the twigs turn red. The common name of this plant refers to the color of the twigs in winter. The pith is white and solid. The leaf scars are narrow, U-shaped, and slightly raised. Each leaf scar has three bundle scars and is connected by a thin line to the leaf scar on the opposite side of the twig. The terminal bud is egg-shaped and is covered by two sharply pointed, abutting but not overlapping scales. The scales have whitish tips, appearing frosted. Lateral buds are similar but smaller.

The bark is red, greenish-red, or yellowish-green, becoming red in winter. Older bark is light brown and rough.

The leaves are opposite, deciduous, and evenly distributed along the branch. The leaf stalk is hairy and to 1 long. The leaf blade is egg-shaped to elliptical, 2 to 4 long, and 1 to 2 wide. It is rounded or tapered at the base and tapered to a sharp point at the tip, usually with concave sides along the tip. On each side of the midrib there are usually 5 or 6, occasionally 7, conspicuous veins that curve upward toward the tip of the leaf. The veins are depressed on the upper leaf surface, giving the leaf a puckered appearance. The upper surface is dark green and covered with short, straight, appressed hairs; longer, soft, spreading hairs; or both. The lower surface is whitish due to a waxy film (glaucous), but is otherwise similar to the upper surface. The margins are untoothed. The leaves turn red to purple in the fall.

The inflorescence is a dense, flat-topped to shallowly convex, branched, ¾to 2¾ in diameter, to 1¼ tall cluster (cyme) of 35 to 150 flowers at the ends of branches. The flowers are on hairy, 1 16 to ¼ long stalks (pedicels). The flowers appear twice each season, first in mid-May to early June, then again in July to mid-August.

Each flower has four sepals, four petals, four stamens, and a well-developed style. The sepals are fused for most of their length and separated at the tip into four minute teeth. The petals are creamy white, narrowly oblong lance-shaped, and to 3 16 long. The stamens are longer than the petals. The flowers are fragrant.

The fruit is a berry-like, 3 16 to 516 in diameter drupe with one seed. It is green initially, turning white as it matures. It matures in early July (first fruiting) to mid-September (second fruiting). The pedicels persist, remaining on the plant in winter.

 
Similar
Species

See the Dogwood Filter for help in identifying this and other dogwoods.

Gray dogwood (Cornus racemosa) first-year twigs are brown. Bark and second-year twigs are gray and remain gray in winter. The pith is whitish or tan. The leaf stalks are no more than long and are sparsely hairy or hairless. The leaves have no more than four veins per side. The leaf undersides are pale green but not glaucous.

Silky dogwood (Cornus amomum ssp. obliqua) first and second-year twigs are greenish-purple, purplish, or reddish-purple. Third-year twigs are gray. The bark is gray. Bark and do not turn red in winter. The pith second-year and older twigs os brown. The leaf stalks are no more than ¾ long. The leaves have no more than five veins per side. The leaf undersides are pale green but not glaucous. The fruit turns unevenly from white to blue or bluish-purple when ripe. In late summer they are dark blue with white blotches.


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 28.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Family:

Cornaceae (dogwood)

 

Subfamily:

Cornoideae

 

Genus:

Cornus

 

Subgenus:

Swida (dogwoods)

 
Synonyms

Cornus alba

Cornus alba var. baileyi

Cornus alba var. interior

Cornus alba ssp. stolonifera

Cornus baileyi

Cornus instolonea

Cornus interior

Cornus sericea var. interior

 

Cornus sericea ssp. stolonifera

Cornus stolonifera

Cornus stolonifera var. baileyi

Cornus stolonifera var. interior

Swida instolonea

Swida sericea

Swida stolonifera

 
Common
Names

dogwood

red osier dogwood

red twig dogwood

red-osier dogwood

redosier dogwood


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

bundle scar

Tiny raised area within a leaf scar, formed from the broken end of a vascular bundle.

 

decumbent

Reclining on the ground but with the tips ascending.

 

drupe

A fleshy fruit with a single hard, stone-like core, like a cherry or peach.

 

glaucous

Pale green or bluish gray due to a whitish, powdery or waxy film, as on a plum or a grape.

 

layering

A method of propagation where a stem or branch comes into permanent contact with the soil, sprouts roots, and then detaches from the main plant.

 

lenticel

A corky, round or stripe-like, usually raised, pore-like opening in bark that allows for gas exchange.

 

node

The small swelling of the stem from which one or more leaves, branches, or buds originate.

 

pedicel

In plants: the stalk of a single flower in a cluster of flowers. In Hymenoptera and Araneae: the narrow stalk connecting the thorax to the abdomen.

 

pith

The spongy cells in the center of the stem.

 

sepal

An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.

 

stolon

An above-ground, creeping stem that grows along the ground and produces roots and sometimes new plants at its nodes. A runner.

       

Visitor Photos

   
Share your photo of this plant.

       
       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   

Plant

  red osier dogwood    
       

Inflorescence

  red osier dogwood   red osier dogwood
       

Leaves

  red osier dogwood    
       

Leaf Upper Side

  red osier dogwood   red osier dogwood
       
  red osier dogwood    
       

Leaf Underside

  red osier dogwood    
       

Stem in Late Summer

  red osier dogwood    
       

Pith

  red osier dogwood   red osier dogwood
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Cornus stolonifera
Blake C. Willson
 
  Cornus stolonifera  
 
About

Red Osier Dogwood

 
     
  Red Osier Dogwood
DianesDigitals
 
  Red Osier Dogwood  
 
About

Copyright DianesDigitals

 
     
  Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea)
Bill Keim
 
  Red Osier Dogwood (Cornus sericea)  
     
  Cornus sericea (Red-osier Dogwood)
Allen Chartier
 
  Cornus sericea (Red-osier Dogwood)  

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this plant.

     
     

Other Videos

 
  red osier dogwood
NorthstarBushcraft
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 31, 2012

edible and medicinal uses of the red-osier dogwood

 
     
  Wild EDIBLES Of The Month - Part Five Of August
MiWilderness
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 3, 2012

Please like, share, comment and subscribe. Thanks for the views, comments and support.

PART ONE:
Cornus sericea, Red-osier dogwood, red willow - an easy to recognize plant that has a multitude of uses and a wide range of habitat.

Red willow is not truly a willow, but behaves like one and has properties similar to willows. That's why I call it red willow. Name association helps in memorizing a plant's uses, habitat and such..

Red willow covers ALL four basic and even some advanced requirements of wilderness survival by providing food, fire, shelter, medicine and wilderness first-aid. The bright red branches of Red willow create a sea of color at all times of year which is an easy way to spot potential water sources from great distances, even from satellite imagery and aerial photos. It is a good indicator of low swampy areas which can be useful in land navigation without a contour map or compass. Red willow is used for hunting and fishing, good for making traps, arrows, and such.

Red willow has a broad range of habitat throughout most of North America including Alaska, Canada, United States, and south into Mexico. Varieties of dogwood that are closely related and bear the same properties can be found worldwide.

I'm pretty sure you can find a variety of Red willow where you live, even if that variety may be yellow instead of red. lol

I'm not going to sit here and type all the specific uses for Red-osier dogwood, instead, I'll strongly recommend that you become intimately familiar with this plant and discover it's uses for yourself. There is an ocean of information available both online and in books regarding Cornus sericea, red willow, or Red-osier dogwood.

I first learned about this plant from Mors Kochanski in his book which is simply titled "BUSHCRAFT".

PART TWO:
A little known fact about the medicinal use of Common milkweed, Asclepias syriaca.

And, I finally arrived at the mushroom hunting woods. A little discussion on the time it took to get here on bicycle vs. automobile, and the obstacles I faced along the way.

MADDOG tree and shrub identification video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EnRZog...

Using Red willow as a pain reliever for toothaches: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NQyk3O...

Using Red willow to cook food: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0vI1YE...

Tags: "garden harvest" MiWilderness Michigan garden hunt gather forage edible mushroom spore print plant identification how to DIY prepper acorn tannin prepared survival skills bushcraft food preservation cooking pressure canner basics pickle fish gun safety sharpen knife strop ax kit gear review field test outdoor sports camp hike bike canoe tarp tent primitive technology botany naturalist organic herbal remedy folk medicine living history permaculture wildcraft home canning guide homegrown homemade maple syrup evaporator buckskin moccasin wood carving Red willow red-osier dogwood MADDOG UET universal edibility test "survival manual"

 
     
  Cansa'sa (red dogwood)
Nature's Intuitive Beauty
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Nov 19, 2008

Cansa'sa,(Dakota name)a species of red dogwood,'red osier dogwood'(cornus stolonifers)it likes running waters.The white flowers resemble a star,followed by white berrys.The bark has a vivid scarlet red color in the winter fadeing to a little after spring.

Its very good for pollinator habitat and the berrys are well liked by birds.

Very Beautiful Bush/tree,i have seen some very ancient ones with branches hanging down to the ground,rooting and spreading by runners.(a beautiful bird singer helping narrate)

 
     

 

Camcorder

         

Visitor Sightings

   
Share your sighting of this plant.

     
     
 

MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings

   

Afton State Park

Anna Gronseth Prairie

Baker Park Reserve

Belgium Prairie

Blackhoof River WMA

Blaine Preserve SNA

Buffalo River State Park

Butterwort Cliffs SNA

Carpenter St. Croix Valley Nature Center

Cleary Lake Regional Park

Crosby Farm Regional Park

Des Moines River SNA

Dodge Nature Center

Elm Creek Park Reserve

Englund Ecotone SNA

Felton Prairie SNA
Bicentennial Unit
Shrike Unit

Felton WMA

Flandrau State Park

French Regional Park

Frontenac State Park

Glacial Lakes

Glacial Lakes State Park

Glendalough State Park

Great River Bluffs State Park

Greenleaf Lake SRA

Greenwater Lake SNA

Gustafson’s Camp SNA

Hayes Lake State Park

Holthe Prairie SNA

Iona’s Beach SNA

Iron Horse Prairie SNA

Itasca State Park

Jay Cooke State Park

John A. Latsch State Park

King’s and Queen’s Bluff SNA

La Salle Lake SNA

Lake Bemidji State Park

Lake Bronson State Park

Lake Carlos State Park

Lake Maria State Park

Lake Rebecca Park Reserve

Lebanon Hills Regional Park

Leif Mountain

Lutsen SNA

Malmberg Prairie SNA

Maplewood State Park

Margherita Preserve-Audubon Prairie

McKnight Prairie

Minnesota Valley NWR
Black Dog Preserve Unit
Chaska Unit
Long Meadow Lake Unit
Wilkie Unit

Minnesota Valley State Recreation Area
Lawrence Unit

Mississippi River County Park

Moose Lake State Park

Mound Spring Prairie SNA, North Unit

Murphy-Hanrehan Park Reserve

Myhr Creek Ridge SNA

Myre-Big Island State Park

Ney Nature Center

Old Mill State Park

Ordway Prairie

Otter Tail Prairie SNA

Pembina Trail Preserve SNA
Crookston Prairie Unit
Pembina Trail Unit

Pilot Knob

Prairie Smoke Dunes SNA

Regal Meadow

Rice Lake State Park

Richard M. & Mathilde Rice Elliott SNA

Robert Ney Memorial Park Reserve

Roscoe Prairie SNA

Rushford Sand Barrens SNA

Sakatah Lake State Park

Santee Prairie SNA

Savage Fen SNA

Schaefer Prairie

Sedan Brook Prairie SNA

Seminary Fen SNA

Seven Sisters Prairie

Sheepberry Fen

Shooting Star Prairie SNA

Sibley State Park

Split Rock Creek State Park

Spring Prairie Preserve

Stanley Eddy Memorial Park Reserve

Sugarloaf Cove Nature Center

Swedes Forest SNA

Town Hall Prairie

Townsend Woods SNA

Twin Valley Prairie SNA

Two Rivers Aspen Prairie Parkland SNA

Tympanuchus Prairie

Vermillion Highlands

Whitetail Woods Regional Park

Wild River State Park

William O’Brien State Park

Wood-Rill SNA

Woodland Trails Park

Yellow Bank Hills SNA

Zimmerman Prairie


 

 

Binoculars

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2017 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.