Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA

       
   

Area and County

    Rice County
    Southeast Minnesota
     
 

Driving Directions

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Size

127.28 acres

 
 
Maps

 Printable Map with GPS coordinates

 
Printable map    
 
Parking

There is a field access on the west side of Halstad Ave. at the eastern boundary of the WMA. Park on the field access.

N44 24.708, W93 25.386

 
Hiking Trails

 

 
Hunting

Deer, Small Game, Pheasants, Waterfowl, Turkey. See Hunting and Trapping Regulations (MN DNR) for details.

 
Ecological Classification Province  

Eastern Broadleaf Forest Province

Ecological Classification
Section  

Minnesota & NE Iowa Morainal

Subsection(s)  

Big Woods

Land Type Association(s)

Cordova Moraine

 
Native Plant Communities1

Southern Mesic Maple-Basswood Forest

 
Ownership Minnesota DNR logo        
 
Links

Minnesota DNR

 
Comments

 

 
Visits

5/6/2020

           

 

 

 

 

       
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

Parking, field access

  Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA   Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA
       

Grassland with sparse deciduous trees

  Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA   Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA
       
  Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA   Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA
       

Emergent wetland

  Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA    
       

Native dominated upland shrubland

  Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA    
       

Southern Mesic Maple-Basswood Forest

  Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA   Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA
       
  Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA   Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA
       

Mixed emergent marsh - seasonally flooded

  Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA   Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA
       

Berm

  Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA    
       

Wetland-open water

  Big Woods Heritage Forest WMA    
       
       

 

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Visitor Observations
   
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations
   
Amphibians

boreal chorus frog (Pseudacris maculata)

boreal chorus frog

 
Birds

American Robin (Turdus migratorius)

Black-capped Chickadee (Poecile atricapillus)

Blue Jay (Cyanocitta cristata)

Brown Thrasher (Toxostoma rufum)

Brown-headed Cowbird (Molothrus ater)

Canada Goose (Branta canadensis)

Clay-colored Sparrow (Spizella pallida)

Field Sparrow (Spizella pusilla)

Great Egret (Ardea alba)

Northern Cardinal (Cardinalis cardinalis)

Northern Flicker (Colaptes auratus)

Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata)

Pileated Woodpecker (Dryocopus pileatus)

Red-bellied Woodpecker (Melanerpes carolinus)

Red-winged Blackbird (Agelaius phoeniceus)

Ring-necked Pheasant (Phasianus colchicus)

Sedge Wren (Cistothorus platensis)

Song Sparrow (Melospiza melodia)

White-breasted Nuthatch (Sitta carolinensis)

White-crowned Sparrow (Zonotrichia leucophrys)

Black-capped Chickadee

Blue Jay

Great Egret

Northern Cardinal

Northern Shoveler

 
Fungi and Lichens

Artist’s Conk (Ganoderma applanatum)

Black Knot (Apiosporina morbosa)

False Turkey Tail (Stereum ostrea)

Phomopsis gall on hickory (Phomopsis spp.)

red admiral (Vanessa atalanta)

Phomopsis gall on hickory

 
Insects and Arachnids

common green darner (Anax junius)

goldenrod bunch gall midge (Rhopalomyia solidaginis)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

western thatching ant (Formica obscuripes)

willow pinecone gall midge (Rabdophaga strobiloides)

willow pinecone gall midge

 
Mammals

eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus)

muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

muskrat

 
Plants

Plants frequently found in:

Southern Mesic Maple-Basswood Forest MHs39

 
 

 

agrimony (Agrimonia spp.)

American basswood (Tilia americana var. americana)

American elm (Ulmus americana)

American plum (Prunus americana)

American vetch (Vicia americana ssp. americana)

Aunt Lucy (Ellisia nyctelea)

baneberry (Actaea sp.)

Bell’s honeysuckle (Lonicera × bella)

bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis)

black cherry (Prunus serotina var. serotina)

black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

bloodroot (Sanguinaria canadensis)

blue cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides)

bottle gentian (Gentiana andrewsii)

boxelder (Acer negundo var. negundo)

bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa)

Canadian woodnettle (Laportea canadensis)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

cleavers (Galium aparine)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica)

common burdock (Arctium minus)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common duckweed (Lemna minor)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common mullein (Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus)

common strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

curly dock (Rumex crispus)

downy yellow violet (Viola pubescens var. pubescens)

Drummond’s aster (Symphyotrichum drummondii var. drummondii)

early meadow rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern prickly gooseberry (Ribes cynosbati)

eastern redcedar (Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana)

eastern woodland sedge (Carex blanda)

field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

field thistle (Cirsium discolor)

fragrant bedstraw (Galium triflorum)

great St. Johnswort (Hypericum ascyron ssp. pyramidatum)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

hooked buttercup (Ranunculus recurvatus var. recurvatus)

ironwood (Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana)

jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

kidney-leaved buttercup (Ranunculus abortivus)

large-flowered bellwort (Uvularia grandiflora)

late goldenrod (Solidago altissima)

Missouri gooseberry (Ribes missouriense)

narrow-leaved cattail (Typha angustifolia)

North American common reed (Phragmites australis ssp. americanus)

northern hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)

northern lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern prickly ash (Zanthoxylum americanum)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica)

Parlin’s pussytoes (Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax)

Pennsylvania sedge (Carex pensylvanica)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

prairie fleabane (Erigeron strigosus)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

rattlesnake fern (Botrypus virginianus)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

red elderberry (Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa)

red osier dogwood (Cornus sericea ssp. sericea)

Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)

sharp-lobed hepatica (Anemone acutiloba)

slender willow (Salix petiolaris)

smooth blue aster (Symphyotrichum laeve var. laeve)

smooth rose (Rosa blanda var. blanda)

staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

sugar maple (Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum)

swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata)

switch grass (Panicum virgatum var. virgatum)

trillium (Trillium spp.)

upright carrionflower (Smilax ecirrhata)

Virginia stickseed (Hackelia virginiana)

Virginia waterleaf (Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

white trout lily (Erythronium albidum)

wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

wild ginger (Asarum canadense)

wild grape (Vitis riparia)

wild leek (Allium tricoccum)

wood anemone (Anemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia)

woodbine (Parthenocissus vitacea)

zigzag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)

 

Acer negundo var. negundo (boxelder)

Acer saccharum ssp. saccharum (sugar maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Actaea sp. (baneberry)

Agrimonia spp. (agrimony)

Allium tricoccum (wild leek)

Anemone acutiloba (sharp-lobed hepatica)

Anemone quinquefolia var. quinquefolia (wood anemone)

Antennaria parlinii ssp. fallax (Parlin’s pussytoes)

Arctium minus (common burdock)

Arisaema triphyllum (Jack-in-the-pulpit)

Asarum canadense (wild ginger)

Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata (swamp milkweed)

Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum (northern lady fern)

Botrypus virginianus (rattlesnake fern)

Carex blanda (eastern woodland sedge)

Carex pensylvanica (Pennsylvania sedge)

Carya cordiformis (bitternut hickory)

Caulophyllum thalictroides (blue cohosh)

Celtis occidentalis (northern hackberry)

Cirsium discolor (field thistle)

Cornus sericea ssp. sericea (red osier dogwood)

Elaeagnus angustifolia (Russian olive)

Ellisia nyctelea (Aunt Lucy)

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Erigeron strigosus (prairie fleabane)

Erythronium albidum (white trout lily)

Fragaria virginiana (common strawberry)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Galium aparine (cleavers)

Galium triflorum (fragrant bedstraw)

Gentiana andrewsii (bottle gentian)

Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)

Hackelia virginiana (Virginia stickseed)

Hydrophyllum virginianum var. virginianum (Virginia waterleaf)

Hypericum ascyron ssp. pyramidatum (great St. Johnswort)

Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana (eastern redcedar)

Laportea canadensis (Canadian woodnettle)

Lemna minor (common duckweed)

Lonicera × bella (Bell’s honeysuckle)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica (ostrich fern)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana (ironwood)

Panicum virgatum var. virgatum (switch grass)

Parthenocissus vitacea (woodbine)

Phragmites australis ssp. americanus (North American common reed)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Prunus americana (American plum)

Prunus serotina var. serotina (black cherry)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus macrocarpa var. macrocarpa (bur oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Ranunculus abortivus (kidney-leaved buttercup)

Ranunculus recurvatus var. recurvatus (hooked buttercup)

Rhamnus cathartica (common buckthorn)

Rhus typhina (staghorn sumac)

Ribes cynosbati (eastern prickly gooseberry)

Ribes missouriense (Missouri gooseberry)

Rosa blanda var. blanda (smooth rose)

Rubus occidentalis (black raspberry)

Rumex crispus (curly dock)

Salix petiolaris (slender willow)

Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa (red elderberry)

Sanguinaria canadensis (bloodroot)

Smilax ecirrhata (upright carrionflower)

Solidago altissima (late goldenrod)

Solidago flexicaulis (zigzag goldenrod)

Symphyotrichum drummondii var. drummondii (Drummond’s aster)

Symphyotrichum laeve var. laeve (smooth blue aster)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow rue)

Tilia americana var. americana (American basswood)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Trillium spp. (trillium)

Typha angustifolia (narrow-leaved cattail)

Ulmus americana (American elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Uvularia grandiflora (large-flowered bellwort)

Verbascum thapsus ssp. thapsus (common mullein)

Vicia americana ssp. americana (American vetch)

Viola pubescens var. pubescens (downy yellow violet)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)

Vitis riparia (wild grape)

Zanthoxylum americanum (northern prickly ash)

American plum

American vetch

Bell’s honeysuckle

black raspberry

bloodroot

bottle gentian

common blue violet

common strawberry

common yarrow

downy yellow violet

eastern prickly gooseberry

fragrant bedstraw

ironwood

large-flowered bellwort

Missouri gooseberry

northern pin oak

prairie fleabane (var. strigosus)

red elderberry

sharp-lobed hepatica

swamp milkweed

Virginia waterleaf

white trout lily

wild geranium

wood anemone

     

 

 

Binoculars


Created: 3/8/2020

Last Updated:

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