wild geranium

(Geranium maculatum)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

wild geranium

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

Nativity

Native

Photo by Crystal Boyd
Occurrence

Common

     
Habitat

Moderate moisture. Woods. Full to partial sun.

     
Flowering

April to June

     
Flower Color

Rose-purple, pale purple, violet-purple, or rarely white

 
Height

12 to 28

 

Identification

This is a 12 to 28 tall, erect, perennial forb that produces multiple flowering stems from a stout rhizome.

The stems are green and up to 24 tall. The stems, basal leaf stalks, stem leaf stalks, and flower stalks all have coarse, white, non-glandular (not sticky) hairs.

A few basal leaves rise from the underground rhizome on long, up to 12, leaf stalks. They are palmately divided into 5 to 7 irregular, deep, wedge-shaped lobes. The lobes are not toothed, notched, or divided in the basal half, but are coarsely toothed and often have secondary lobes in the upper half. The upper surface of the leaves has fine white hairs. Older leaves sometimes have white spots, which gives this plant one of its common names, Spotted Geranium.

There is only a single pair of leaves on the stem. They are opposite and similar in appearance and features to the basal leaves, but are smaller and usually have only 3 lobes. They are on short leaf stalks.

The inflorescence is a flat or round topped cluster of 1 to 6 flowers at the end of a long stalk.

The flowers are 1 to 1½ wide with 5 petals and 5 green sepals.

The petals are rose-purple, pale purple, violet-purple or, rarely, white, with darker fine lines radiating from the center of the flower and acting as nectar guides.

The fruit is a 1 to 1½ long, erect capsule in the shape of a crane’s bill, giving this plant another of its common names, Wild Crane’s-bill.

 
Similar
Species

Bicknell’s Cranesbill (Geranium bicknellii) has leafy stems and no basal leaves. The inflorescence is a 2-flowered cluster. The flowers are only to ½ wide. The flower petals are notched at the tip.

Carolina geranium (Geranium carolinianum) has leafy stems and no basal leaves. The leaves are divided into usually 5 to 9 deeply-cut lobes. The leaf margins have widely spaced, deeply-cut teeth, that may amount to secondary lobes. The inflorescence is a tight cluster of many flowers. The flowers are on short flower stalks that are less than half as long as the sepals. The flowers are dull white to light pink and only wide.

Meadow geranium (Geranium pratense), an introduced species, has glandular, sticky hairs on the flowering stalks and leaf stalks. The leaves are more finely cut. The petals are not marked with darker lines. It has been recorded only in St. Louis County.

Robert’s geranium (Geranium robertianum) has leafy stems and no basal leaves. The leaves are divided into usually 3 to 5 leaflets that are cut all the way to the base, with at least the terminal leaflet on an evident leaflet stalk. The leaflets are fern-like. The inflorescence is a 2-flowered cluster from the upper leaf axils. It has been recorded only in St. Louis County.

Siberian cranesbill (Geranium sibiricum) has leafy stems and no basal leaves. The flowers occur singly or in pairs. It has been recorded only in Houston and Goodhue Counties.

When not in flower wild geranium can be easily mistaken for Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis).


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Family:

Geraniaceae (geranium)

 

Genus:

Geranium

 

Subgenus:

Geranium

 

Section:

Geranium

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

alumroot

spotted crane’s-bill

spotted geranium

wild crane’s-bill

wild geranium


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

palmately divided

Similar to a hand. Having more than three lobes that radiate from a single point at the base of the leaf.

 

rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

 

sepal

An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.

       

Visitor Photos

   
Share your photo of this plant.

Wayne Rasmussen


  wild geranium   wild geranium

Crystal Boyd


  wild geranium    

       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   

Habitat

  wild geranium    
       

Plant

  wild geranium    
       

Inflorescence

  wild geranium   wild geranium
       
  wild geranium    
       

Flower

  wild geranium   wild geranium
       
  wild geranium    
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Wild Geranium (Geranium manculatum)
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Wild Geranium (Geranium manculatum)  
     
  Spotted Geranium (Geranium maculatum)
Bill Keim
 
  Spotted Geranium (Geranium maculatum)  

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this plant.

     
     

Other Videos

 
  MyNature Apps; Identifying Wild Geranium, Geranium maculatum
MyNatureApps
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on May 31, 2011

How to identify Wild Geranium, Geranium maculatum also known as Spotted Geranium, Wood Geranium, Spotted Cranesbill or Wild Cranesbill. www.mynatureapps.com

 
     
  wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)
wvoutdoorman
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 28, 2012

wild geranium (Geranium maculatum) in sprouting to blooming stage

 
     
  Wild Geranium
ThePlantVideos
 
   
 
About

Published on Jan 27, 2013

No description available.

 
     

 

Camcorder

         

Visitor Sightings

   
Share your sighting of this plant.

Wayne Rasmussen
5/30/2016

Location: Maplewood Nature Center

wild geranium


Wayne Rasmussen
5/31/2016

Location: Nerstrand Big Woods State Park

wild geranium


Crystal Boyd
6/2/2013

Location: Pine Bend Bluffs SNA

wild geranium


     
     
 

MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings

   

Avon Hills Forest SNA
North Unit

Baker Park Reserve

Banning State Park

Beaver Creek Valley State Park

Boot Lake SNA

Bunker Hills Regional Park

Cannon River Wilderness Area

Carpenter St. Croix Valley Nature Center

Carley State Park

Chamberlain Woods SNA

Charles A. Lindbergh State Park

Cherry Grove Blind Valley SNA

Chimney Rock SNA

Clear Lake SNA

Cleary Lake Regional Park

Crosby Farm Regional Park

Crow Wing State Park

Englund Ecotone SNA

Falls Creek SNA

Father Hennepin State Park

Flandrau State Park

Forestville/Mystery Cave State Park

Franconia Bluffs SNA

French Regional Park

Frontenac State Park

Glacial Lakes State Park

Great River Bluffs State Park

Greenwater Lake SNA

Grey Cloud Dunes SNA

Hardscrabble Woods / MG Tusler Sanctuary

Hastings Sand Coulee SNA

Hastings SNA

Hayes Lake State Park

Hyland Lake Park Reserve

Itasca State Park

Jay Cooke State Park

King’s and Queen’s Bluff SNA

Lake Carlos State Park

Lake Louise State Park

Lake Maria State Park

Lebanon Hills Regional Park

Leif Mountain

Liable Woods

Lost 40 SNA

Lutsen SNA

Mary Schmidt Crawford Woods SNA

Miesville Ravine Park Reserve

Mille Lacs Kathio State Park

Mille Lacs Moraine SNA

Mille Lacs WMA

Minnesota Valley NWR
Black Dog Preserve Unit
Long Meadow Lake Unit
Wilkie Unit

Moose Lake State Park

Murphy-Hanrehan Park Reserve

Myre-Big Island State Park

Nelson Wildlife Sanctuary

Nerstrand Big Woods State Park

Old Mill State Park

Oxbow Park & Zollman Zoo

Partch Woods SNA

Paul Bunyan Savanna

Pin Oak Prairie SNA

Prairie Creek Woods SNA

Quarry Park SNA

Rice Lake Savanna SNA

Rice Lake State Park

Robert Ney Memorial Park Reserve

Rushford Sand Barrens SNA

St. Croix Savanna SNA

St. Croix State Park

Sakatah Lake State Park

Savage Fen SNA

Sibley State Park

Spring Creek Prairie SNA

Spring Lake Park Reserve

Sunfish Lake Park

Townsend Woods SNA

Uncas Dunes SNA

Whitetail Woods Regional Park

Whitewater State Park

Wild River State Park

William O’Brien State Park

Wolsfeld Woods SNA

Wood-Rill SNA

Woodland Trails Park

Zumbro Falls Woods SNA


 

 

Binoculars

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2017 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.