Paul Bunyan Savanna





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The Nature Conservancy

Northland Arboretum




This preserve is located within the Northland Arboretum in Brainerd.
















Northland Arboretum Summer Trail Map


Printable Map(s) with GPS coordinates

  Printable map      



164 acres




14250 Conservation Drive
Brainerd, MN 56401

N46 21.524, W94 13.733




Northland Arboretum Visitor Center Hours

Monday - Friday: 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m.

Saturday and Sunday: 10:00 a.m. - 4:00 p.m.

The grounds remain open to members and paying guests sunrise to sunset.




Gate Fee is $5/adult (ages 15 and up) and $1/child (ages 0-14).

Memberships range from a yearly fee of $30 for an individual to $50 for a family.


Driving Directions

  Area and County  

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          Crow Wing County  
          Northwest Minnesota  

Hiking Trails


12½ miles




No hunting


Ecological Classification

  Ecological Classification  
  Ecological Province    

Laurentian Mixed Forest Province

  Ecological Section    

N. Minnesota Drift & Lake Plains

  Ecological Subsection    

Pine Moraines & Outwash Plains

  Land Type Association    

Crow Wing Sand Plain

Pillager Sand Plain


Native Plant Communities*


Central Dry-Mesic Pine-Hardwood Forest

Central Mesic Hardwood Forest (Eastern)

Jack Pine - (Bush Honeysuckle) Woodland

Northern Poor Conifer Swamp

Northern Poor Fen

Northern Rich Fen (Basin)

Northern Shrub Shore Fen

Northern Wet Alder Swamp

  * Source: The Minnesota Biological Survey, Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, Division of Ecological Resources      

Natural Features








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Jack Pine Savanna

    Paul Bunyan Savanna   Paul Bunyan Savanna  

Other Woodlands

    Paul Bunyan Savanna   Paul Bunyan Savanna  
    Paul Bunyan Savanna   Paul Bunyan Savanna  






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Visitor Sightings

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Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura)

Ovenbird (Seiurus aurocapilla)

  Mourning Dove  

Insects and Arachnids


autumn yellow-winged grasshopper (Arphia xanthoptera)

chalk-fronted corporal (Ladona julia)

common green darner (Anax junius)

mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa)

plum finger gall mite (Eriophyes emarginatae)

  mourning cloak  



Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas and Minnesota Biological Survey Vegetation Releves Plant List


Plants frequently found in:

Central Dry-Mesic Pine-Hardwood Forest FDc34

Central Mesic Hardwood Forest (Eastern) MHc36

Jack Pine - (Bush Honeysuckle) Woodland FDc24a

Northern Poor Conifer Swamp APn81

Northern Poor Fen APn91

Northern Rich Fen (Basin) OPn92

Northern Shrub Shore Fen OPn81

Northern Wet Alder Swamp WFn74 (Fact sheet not available)



Allegheny blackberry (Rubus allegheniensis)

American basswood (Tilia americana var. americana)

American hazelnut (Corylus americana)

American hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana)

American vetch (Vicia americana ssp. americana)

balsam fir (Abies balsamea var. balsamea)

bastard toadflax (Comandra umbellata ssp. umbellata)

bigleaf aster (Eurybia macrophylla)

bigtooth aspen (Populus grandidentata)

black-seeded plantain (Plantago rugelii var. rugelii)

bland sweet cicely (Osmorhiza claytonii)

bluebead lily (Clintonia borealis)

Canada mayflower (Maianthemum canadense)

chokecherry (Prunus virginiana var. virginiana)

cinnamon fern (Osmundastrum cinnamomeum)

common blue violet (Viola sororia)

common dandelion (Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale)

common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

downy phlox (Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida)

downy yellow violet (Viola pubescens var. peckii)

early meadow-rue (Thalictrum dioicum)

eastern hemlock (Tsuga canadensis)

field horsetail (Equisetum arvense)

field sagewort (Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata)

hairy puccoon (Lithospermum caroliniense var. croceum)

hoary puccoon (Lithospermum canescens)

hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. bracteata)

interrupted fern (Claytosmunda claytoniana)

jack pine (Pinus banksiana)

jack-in-the-pulpit (Arisaema triphyllum)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

Morrow’s honeysuckle (Lonicera morrowii)

northern bedstraw (Galium boreale)

northern lady fern (Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum)

northern pin oak (Quercus ellipsoidalis)

northern red oak (Quercus rubra)

ostrich fern (Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica)

paper birch (Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera)

prairie alumroot (Heuchera richardsonii)

prairie violet (Viola pedatifida)

prickly rose (Rosa acicularis ssp. sayi)

quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides)

red maple (Acer rubrum var. rubrum)

red pine (Pinus resinosa)

sensitive fern (Onoclea sensibilis)

silvery cinquefoil (Potentilla argentea)

smooth sumac (Rhus glabra)

spreading dogbane (Apocynum androsaemifolium)

spreadingpod rockcress (Boechera grahamii)

starry false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum stellatum)

Tatarian honeysuckle (Lonicera tatarica)

western bracken fern (Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

white clover (Trifolium repens ssp. repens)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white spruce (Picea glauca)

wild columbine (Aquilegia canadensis)

wild geranium (Geranium maculatum)

wild sarsaparilla (Aralia nudicaulis)

wild strawberry (Fragaria virginiana)

zigzag goldenrod (Solidago flexicaulis)


Abies balsamea var. balsamea (balsam fir)

Acer rubrum var. rubrum (red maple)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. bracteata (hog peanut)

Apocynum androsaemifolium (spreading dogbane)

Aquilegia canadensis (wild columbine)

Aralia nudicaulis (wild sarsaparilla)

Arisaema triphyllum (jack-in-the-pulpit)

Artemisia campestris ssp. caudata (field sagewort)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Athyrium filix-femina var. angustum (northern lady fern)

Betula papyrifera var. papyrifera (paper birch)

Boechera grahamii (spreadingpod rockcress)

Clintonia borealis (bluebead lily)

Comandra umbellata ssp. umbellata (bastard toadflax)

Corylus americana (American hazelnut)

Equisetum arvense (field horsetail)

Eurybia macrophylla (bigleaf aster)

Fragaria virginiana (wild strawberry)

Galium boreale (northern bedstraw)

Geranium maculatum (wild geranium)

Heuchera richardsonii (prairie alumroot)

Lithospermum canescens (hoary puccoon)

Lithospermum caroliniense var. croceum (hairy puccoon)

Lonicera morrowii (Morrow’s honeysuckle)

Lonicera tatarica (Tatarian honeysuckle)

Maianthemum canadense (Canada mayflower)

Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum (common false Solomon’s seal)

Maianthemum stellatum (starry false Solomon’s seal)

Matteuccia struthiopteris var. pensylvanica (ostrich fern)

Onoclea sensibilis (sensitive fern)

Osmorhiza claytonii (bland sweet cicely)

Claytosmunda claytoniana (interrupted fern)

Osmundastrum cinnamomeum (cinnamon fern)

Ostrya virginiana var. virginiana (American hophornbeam)

Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida (downy phlox)

Picea glauca (white spruce)

Pinus banksiana (jack pine)

Pinus resinosa (red pine)

Plantago rugelii var. rugelii (black-seeded plantain)

Populus grandidentata (bigtooth aspen)

Populus tremuloides (quaking aspen)

Potentilla argentea (silvery cinquefoil)

Prunus virginiana var. virginiana (chokecherry)

Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum (western bracken fern)

Quercus ellipsoidalis (northern pin oak)

Quercus rubra (northern red oak)

Rhus glabra (smooth sumac)

Rosa acicularis ssp. sayi (prickly rose)

Rubus allegheniensis (Allegheny blackberry)

Solidago flexicaulis (zigzag goldenrod)

Taraxacum officinale ssp. officinale (common dandelion)

Thalictrum dioicum (early meadow-rue)

Tilia americana var. americana (American basswood)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Trifolium repens ssp. repens (white clover)

Tsuga canadensis (eastern hemlock)

Vicia americana ssp. americana (American vetch)

Viola pedatifida (prairie violet)

Viola pubescens var. peckii (downy yellow violet)

Viola sororia (common blue violet)


American hazelnut

American vetch (var. americana)

bluebead lily

Canada mayflower

common blue violet

common false Solomon’s seal

downy phlox

hairy puccoon


Morrow’s honeysuckle

northern bedstraw

prickly rose

silvery cinquefoil

Tatarian honeysuckle

white clover

wild columbine

wild geranium




One reptile species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:


Blanding’s turtle (Emydoidea blandingii)

  common garter snake (Thamnophis sirtalis)   common garter snake  






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