sharp-lobed hepatica

(Anemone acutiloba)

Conservation Status
sharp-lobed hepatica
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Sharp-lobed hepatica is an erect, perennial forb that rises from ascending to horizontal rhizomes.

In early April it can be identified by the pointed, purple, three-lobed leaves laying flat on the ground. These are leaves that have overwintered from the previous year. The name hepatica is Latin for liver, and refers to the shape and color of the leaves, which resemble the human liver.

After the flowers have bloomed 3 to 15 new leaves emerge from the base on slender, densely hairy, 2 to 8 long leaf stalks. The leaves are to 2¾ long, ¾ to 4 wide, and palmately divided into 3 lobes deeply cut to well below the middle of the blade. The base of the leaf is heart-shaped, broadly rounded and indented where the leaf attaches to the leaf stalk. The lobes are broadly oval to egg-shaped and pointed at the tip. The terminal lobe length is 70% to 90% of the total leaf length. The margins are untoothed. The upper surface is green, sometimes with purple mottles. The underside of the leaf is green or sometimes purple. When young both surfaces are densely hairy with long, soft, shaggy, unmatted hairs. As they age they become hairless or almost hairless.

By the time the flowers appear the overwintered leaves are dying back. The flowers are ½ to 1 wide and are born singly on densely hairy, leafless stalks. They have from 5 to 12 petal-like sepals (usually 6), 10 to 30 white stamens, and a green cluster of carpels at the center. The sepals are white, pink, or blue, egg-shaped or inversely egg-shaped. There are 3, sometimes 4, narrowly lance-shaped bracts with pointed tips subtending the flower.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

2 to 6

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

White, pink, or blue

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  Round-lobed hepatica (Anemone americana) leaves are more shallowly divided into lobes with rounded tips. The terminal lobe length is 50% to 70% of the total leaf length. There are 3 broadly egg-shaped or elliptic bracts with rounded tips subtending the flower.  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Dry to moist. Upland woods.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

April to May

 
     
 

Pests and Diseases

 
 

 

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28, 29, 30.

 
  6/29/2022      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Ranunculanae  
 

Order

Ranunculales (buttercups, poppies, and allies)  
 

Family

Ranunculaceae (buttercups)  
  Subfamily Ranunculoideae (anemones, buttercups, larkspurs and allies)  
  Tribe Anemoneae (anemones and allies)  
 

Genus

Anemone (anemone)  
       
 

In 2011 there were several scientific names for sharp-lobed hepatica used by authoritative taxonomic sources. Eleven years later the situation has not improved. Here are eleven “authoritative” taxonomic sources – and Wikipedia – and their sceintific name for sharp-lobed hepatica as of 6/29/2022:

Flora of North America: Anemone acutiloba

GRIN: Anemone acutiloba

ITIS: Anemone acutiloba

Wisflora: Anemone acutiloba

NCBI: Hepatica acutiloba

iNaturalist: Hepatica acutiloba

Michigan Flora: Hepatica acutiloba

Wikipedia: Hepatica acutiloba

Plants of the World Online: Hepatica acutiloba

BONAP: Hepatica nobilis

USDA PLANTS: Hepatica nobilis var. acuta

World Flora Online: Anemone hepatica var. acuta

 
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
       
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Anemone hepatica var. acuta

Hepatica acuta

Hepatica acutiloba

Hepatica nobilis var. acuta

Hepatica triloba var. acuta

Hepatica triloba var. acutiloba

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

American liverleaf

liverleaf

liverwort-herb

lobed leaf hepatica

sharp-lobed hepatica

sharp-lobed liverleaf

sharplobe hepatica

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Bract

Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk, flower cluster, or inflorescence.

 

Palmately divided

Similar to a hand. Having more than three lobes that radiate from a single point at the base of the leaf.

 
 
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Wayne Rasmussen

 
    sharp-lobed hepatica      
           
 
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Plant

 
    sharp-lobed hepatica   sharp-lobed hepatica  
           
    sharp-lobed hepatica   sharp-lobed hepatica  
           
 

White Flower

 
    sharp-lobed hepatica   sharp-lobed hepatica  
           
 

Pink Flower

 
    sharp-lobed hepatica   sharp-lobed hepatica  
           
 

Blue Flower

 
    sharp-lobed hepatica      
           
 

Bud

 
    sharp-lobed hepatica      
           
 

Leaves

 
    sharp-lobed hepatica   sharp-lobed hepatica  
           
    sharp-lobed hepatica      

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
Hepatica acutiloba (Sharp-lobed Hepatica)
Allen Chartier
  Hepatica acutiloba (Sharp-lobed Hepatica)  

 

slideshow

       
 
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Other Videos
 
  march28 video Sharp Lobed Hepatica ,Hepatica nobilis
evansmedia1
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Mar 28, 2011

No description available.

   
  Sharp-Lobed Hepatica (Hepatica nobilis acuta)
wvoutdoorman
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 27, 2012

Sharp-Lobed Hepatica wildflowers
Hepatica nobilis acuta

   

 

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