sharp-lobed hepatica

(Anemone acutiloba)

Conservation Status
sharp-lobed hepatica
  IUCN Red List

not listed


N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked


not listed


Sharp-lobed hepatica is an erect, perennial forb that rises from ascending to horizontal rhizomes.

In early April it can be identified by the pointed, purple, three-lobed leaves laying flat on the ground. These are leaves that have overwintered from the previous year. The name hepatica is Latin for liver, and refers to the shape and color of the leaves, which resemble the human liver.

After the flowers have bloomed 3 to 15 new leaves emerge from the base on slender, densely hairy, 2 to 8 long leaf stalks. The leaves are to 2¾ long, ¾ to 4 wide, and palmately divided into 3 lobes deeply cut to well below the middle of the blade. The base of the leaf is heart-shaped, broadly rounded and indented where the leaf attaches to the leaf stalk. The lobes are broadly oval to egg-shaped and pointed at the tip. The terminal lobe length is 70% to 90% of the total leaf length. The margins are untoothed. The upper surface is green, sometimes with purple mottles. The underside of the leaf is green or sometimes purple. When young both surfaces are densely hairy with long, soft, shaggy, unmatted hairs. As they age they become hairless or almost hairless.

By the time the flowers appear the overwintered leaves are dying back. The flowers are ½ to 1 wide and are born singly on densely hairy, leafless stalks. They have from 5 to 12 petal-like sepals (usually 6), 10 to 30 white stamens, and a green cluster of carpels at the center. The sepals are white, pink, or blue, egg-shaped or inversely egg-shaped. There are 3, sometimes 4, narrowly lance-shaped bracts with pointed tips subtending the flower.




2 to 6


Flower Color


White, pink, or blue


Similar Species

  Round-lobed hepatica (Anemone americana) leaves are more shallowly divided into lobes with rounded tips. The terminal lobe length is 50% to 70% of the total leaf length. There are 3 broadly egg-shaped or elliptic bracts with rounded tips subtending the flower.  

Dry to moist. Upland woods.




April to May


Pests and Diseases






Distribution Map



3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28, 29, 30.









  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Ranunculanae  


Ranunculales (buttercups, poppies, and allies)  


Ranunculaceae (buttercups)  
  Subfamily Ranunculoideae (anemones, buttercups, larkspurs and allies)  
  Tribe Anemoneae (anemones and allies)  


Anemone (anemone)  

In 2011 there were several scientific names for sharp-lobed hepatica used by authoritative taxonomic sources. Eleven years later the situation has not improved. Here are eleven “authoritative” taxonomic sources – and Wikipedia – and their sceintific name for sharp-lobed hepatica as of 6/29/2022:

Flora of North America: Anemone acutiloba

GRIN: Anemone acutiloba

ITIS: Anemone acutiloba

Wisflora: Anemone acutiloba

NCBI: Hepatica acutiloba

iNaturalist: Hepatica acutiloba

Michigan Flora: Hepatica acutiloba

Wikipedia: Hepatica acutiloba

Plants of the World Online: Hepatica acutiloba

BONAP: Hepatica nobilis

USDA PLANTS: Hepatica nobilis var. acuta

World Flora Online: Anemone hepatica var. acuta


Subordinate Taxa




Anemone hepatica var. acuta

Hepatica acuta

Hepatica acutiloba

Hepatica nobilis var. acuta

Hepatica triloba var. acuta

Hepatica triloba var. acutiloba


Common Names


American liverleaf



lobed leaf hepatica

sharp-lobed hepatica

sharp-lobed liverleaf

sharplobe hepatica










Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk, flower cluster, or inflorescence.


Palmately divided

Similar to a hand. Having more than three lobes that radiate from a single point at the base of the leaf.

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Nancy Falkum

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Wayne Rasmussen

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    sharp-lobed hepatica   sharp-lobed hepatica  
    sharp-lobed hepatica   sharp-lobed hepatica  

White Flower

    sharp-lobed hepatica   sharp-lobed hepatica  

Pink Flower

    sharp-lobed hepatica   sharp-lobed hepatica  

Blue Flower

    sharp-lobed hepatica      


    sharp-lobed hepatica      


    sharp-lobed hepatica   sharp-lobed hepatica  
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Hepatica acutiloba (Sharp-lobed Hepatica)
Allen Chartier
  Hepatica acutiloba (Sharp-lobed Hepatica)  



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Other Videos
  march28 video Sharp Lobed Hepatica ,Hepatica nobilis

Uploaded on Mar 28, 2011

No description available.

  Sharp-Lobed Hepatica (Hepatica nobilis acuta)

Published on Mar 27, 2012

Sharp-Lobed Hepatica wildflowers
Hepatica nobilis acuta






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