large-flowered bellwort

(Uvularia grandiflora)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

large-flowered bellwort

NatureServe

N5? - Secure

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Nativity

Native

Occurrence

Common

Habitat

Dry to moist. Rich woods, forests.

Flowering

April to May

 
Flower Color

Yellow

 
Height

8 to 20

 

Identification

This is a 8 to 20 tall, erect, herbaceous perennial rising on one to several stems from a short, slender rhizome with clustered, fleshy roots. It often forms colonies.

The stems are 8 to 20 tall, rounded, forked once or twice above the middle, and have sheathing bracts at the base. They are light green or reddish-green, hairless, are covered with a whitish, waxy coating (glaucous). On young, flowering plants the stem is usually unforked and the upper stem nods under the weight of the leaves and flowers. On mature, fruiting plants the stems are forked once or twice and are reclining. There is usually just a single leaf below the fork of the stem. One branch is sterile and has 4 to 8 leaves, one branch is fertile and has several leaves and 1 to 3 flowers.

The leaves are alternate, untoothed, 2 to 5 long and ¾ to 2 wide, oval to oblong egg-shaped, with a pointed tip and a rounded base. Near the base the leaf entirely surrounds the stem, giving the appearance that the stem is growing through the leaf (perfoliate). The upper surface of the leaf is hairless and bright green to bluish-green. They have 3 to 5 prominent, parallel veins. On the underside of the leaf the veins are covered with minute white hairs. On young plants the leaves are soft, drooping, and somewhat rolled. On mature plants the leaves are firm and are held horizontally.

The inflorescence is 1 to 3 flowers at the end of a flowering branch. They may appear to be born in a leaf axil, since the forked stem on which they are borne ends abruptly after forking.

The flowers are bell-shaped, 1 to 2 long, elongated, slightly twisted, nodding and slightly fragrant. They are borne on to 1 long flower stalks and are subtended with a single bract. There are 6 yellow overlapping tepals. The interior surface of the tepals are hairless.

The fruit is a 3-celled, greenish to yellowish-brown, to long, to ¾ wide capsule. The capsule is egg-shaped to pyramid-shaped, with a rounded tip, 3 well-rounded lobes, and 2 beaks on each lobe. Each cell contains several seeds.

 
Similar
Species

Common false Solomon’s seal (Maianthemum racemosum var. racemosum), hairy Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum pubescens), rose twisted-stalk (Streptopus lanceolatus var. roseus), and smooth Solomon’s seal (Polygonatum biflorum) all have similar leaf shape and plant form. None have perfoliate leaves.

Wild oats (Uvularia sessilifolia) is a shorter plant, 4 to 12 tall. The leaves smaller, 1½ to 2½ long and to 1¼ wide. They attach to the stem without a stalk (sessile) but do not wrap around the stem at their base. The flowers are cream to pale straw-yellow, and smaller, ½ to 1 long. There is only 1 flower per stem. The seed capsules are sharply lobed and longer, to 1 long.


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Family:

Colchicaceae (autumn-crocus)

 

Tribe:

Uvularieae

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

bellwort

fairybells

large bellwort

large marybells

large merrybells

largeflower bellwort

large-flower bellwort

large-flowered bellwort


 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

beak

A comparatively short and stout, narrow or prolonged tip on a thickened organ, as on some fruits and seeds.

 

bract

Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk or flower cluster.

 

glaucous

Covered with a whitish, waxy coating, as on a plum or a grape.

 

perfoliate

A leaf having margins that entirely surround the stem, giving the appearance that the stem is growing through the leaf.

 

rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

 

sepal

An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.

 

sessile

Stalkless; attached at the base without a petiole, peduncle, pedicel, or stalk.

 

sheath

The lower part of the leaf that surrounds the stem.

 

tepal

Refers to both the petals and the sepals of a flower when they are similar in appearance and difficult to tell apart. Tepals are common in lilies and tulips.

       

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Wayne Rasmussen


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Infructescence

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  Uvularia grandiflora (Bellwort)
Allen Chartier
 
  Uvularia grandiflora (Bellwort)  

 

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  Bellwort Uvularia grandiflora
PrairieMoonNursery
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Jun 2, 2010

http://www.prairiemoon.com Bellwort is an attractive early spring woodland native that spreads slowly by underground rhizomes. Shown blooming with Rue Anemone.

 
     
  13 Uvularia grandiflora Séquence 15-Vivaces printanières 1.m4v
Jeanfilm2
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Jan 9, 2010

L'Uvulaire à grande fleurs du printemps à l'automne. Uvularia grandiflora, de la prima vera hasta el otoño. Uvularia grandiflora from spring to fall.

 
     

 

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Wayne Rasmussen
5/31/2016

Location: Nerstrand Big Woods State Park

large-flowered bellwort


     
     
 

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