Compass Prairie SNA

               
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Area and County

Nobles County

 

 

 


Size

20 acres

Printable map
 
Maps

Printable Map with GPS coordinates

 
Parking

N43 34.357, W95 44.660

 
Hiking Trails

No maintained trails

 
Hunting

No hunting


Ecological Classification

Province

Prairie Parkland Province

Ecological Classification

Section

North Central Glaciated Plains

Subsection(s)

Coteau Moraines

Land Type Association(s)

Buffalo Ridge

Slayton Moraine

 
Native Plant Communities1

Dry Hill Prairie (Southern)

Mesic Prairie (Southern)


Ownership Minnesota DNR logo        
 
Links

Minnesota DNR


Comments

Parking
There is a field access (ditch crossing) at the designated parking area.


Visits

7/17/2004

9/9/2011

8/27/2013

   

 

 

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Parking

  Compass Prairie SNA   Compass Prairie SNA
       
  Compass Prairie SNA   Compass Prairie SNA
       

Wood Routed Sign (2011)

  Compass Prairie SNA    
       

Wood Routed Sign (2013)

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Mesic Prairie (Southern)

  Compass Prairie SNA   Compass Prairie SNA
       

Unnamed Creek/ Wet Prairie

  Compass Prairie SNA   Compass Prairie SNA
       
  Compass Prairie SNA   Compass Prairie SNA
       
  Compass Prairie SNA    
       

Dry Hill Prairie (Southern)

  Compass Prairie SNA   Compass Prairie SNA
       
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  Compass Prairie SNA
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  Compass Prairie SNA  
 
About

A small SNA at 20 acres, Compass Prairie is nonetheless the largest known native prairie remnant in all of Nobles County. The site's namesake compass plants rise 6-8 feet tall on gentle slopes beside a creek that feeds the Rock River.

 
     

 

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Observations

   

Birds

Minnesota DNR Bird checklist

 
 

Turkey Vulture (Cathartes aura)

Upland Sandpiper (Bartramia longicauda)

 


Insects and Arachnids

One insect species with conservation status in Minnesota has been seen here:

 

Endangered

Powesheik skipperling (Oarisma powesheik)

 
 

black swallowtail (Papilio polyxenes)

cabbage white (Pieris rapae)

Carolina grasshopper (Dissosteira carolina)

goldenrod gall fly (Eurosta solidaginis)

goldenrod soldier beetle (Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus)

mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa)

orange sulphur (Colias eurytheme)

summer azure (Celastrina neglecta)

twelve-spotted skimmer (Libellula pulchella)

viceroy (Limenitis archippus)

goldenrod gall fly

monarch

twelve-spotted skimmer


Mammals

plains pocket gopher (Geomys bursarius)

thirteen-lined ground squirrel (Ictidomys tridecemlineatus)

whitetail deer (Odocoileus virginianus)

plains pocket gopher


Plants

Minnesota Biodiversity Atlas (Bell Museum of Natural History) Plant List

 
 

Plants frequently found in:

Dry Hill Prairie (Southern) UPs13d

Mesic Prairie (Southern) UPs23a

 
 

 

alfalfa (Medicago sativa ssp. sativa)

American elderberry (Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis)

American hog peanut (Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa)

American plum (Prunus americana)

asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)

big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)

bittersweet nightshade (Solanum dulcamara)

bracted vervain (Verbena bracteata)

Canada anemone (Anemone canadensis)

Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)

Canada wildrye (Elymus canadensis)

candle anemone (Anemone cylindrica)

clammy groundcherry (Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla)

common evening primrose (Oenothera biennis)

common milkweed (Asclepias syriaca)

common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia)

common yarrow (Achillea millefolium)

compass plant (Silphium laciniatum)

cup plant (Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum)

dotted blazing star (Liatris punctata var. punctata)

downy phlox (Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida)

false sunflower (Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis)

field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis)

field thistle (Cirsium discolor)

Flodman’s thistle (Cirsium flodmanii)

giant foxtail (Setaria faberi)

giant ragweed (Ambrosia trifida var. trifida)

giant sumpweed (Cyclachaena xanthiifolia)

gray-headed coneflower (Ratibida pinnata)

green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica)

green foxtail (Setaria viridis var. viridis)

green milkweed (Asclepias viridiflora)

hairy sunflower (Helianthus hirsutus)

heart-leaved four o’clock (Mirabilis nyctaginea)

heart-leaved golden alexanders (Zizia aptera)

hedge bindweed (Calystegia sepium)

Indian hemp (Apocynum cannabinum)

late goldenrod (Solidago altissima)

leadplant (Amorpha canescens)

marsh vetchling (Lathyrus palustris)

Maximilian’s sunflower (Helianthus maximilianii)

narrow-leaved purple coneflower (Echinacea angustifolia)

plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera)

plumeless thistle (Carduus acanthoides)

prairie cordgrass (Spartina pectinata)

prairie coreopsis (Coreopsis palmata)

prairie dropseed (Sporobolus heterolepis)

prairie onion (Allium stellatum)

prairie rose (Rosa arkansana)

prickly sow thistle (Sonchus asper)

purple locoweed (Oxytropis lambertii var. lambertii)

purple lovegrass (Eragrostis spectabilis)

purple prairie clover (Dalea purpurea var. purpurea)

red clover (Trifolium pratense)

redroot amaranth (Amaranthus retroflexus)

rough blazing star (Liatris aspera)

sawtooth sunflower (Helianthus grosseserratus)

Siberian elm (Ulmus pumila)

sideoats grama (Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula)

silverleaf scurfpea (Pediomelum argophyllum)

smooth blue aster (Symphyotrichum laeve)

smooth scouring rush (Equisetum laevigatum)

spotted water hemlock (Cicuta maculata)

stiff goldenrod (Solidago rigida ssp. rigida)

stiff sunflower (Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus)

stinging nettle (Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis)

tall thistle (Cirsium altissimum)

velvet-leaf (Abutilon theophrasti)

water smartweed (Persicaria amphibia)

western marbleseed (Lithospermum occidentale)

western poison ivy (Toxicodendron rydbergii)

white heath aster (Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides)

white panicled aster (Symphyotrichum lanceolatum)

white prairie clover (Dalea candida var. candida)

white sage (Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana)

white sweet clover (Melilotus albus)

wild bergamot (Monarda fistulosa)

yellow foxtail (Setaria pumila ssp. pumila)

yellow goat’s beard (Tragopogon dubius)

yellow sweet clover (Melilotus officinalis)

 

Abutilon theophrasti (velvet-leaf)

Achillea millefolium (common yarrow)

Allium stellatum (prairie onion)

Amaranthus retroflexus (redroot amaranth)

Ambrosia artemisiifolia (common ragweed)

Ambrosia trifida var. trifida (giant ragweed)

Amorpha canescens (leadplant)

Amphicarpaea bracteata var. comosa (American hog peanut)

Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Anemone canadensis (Canada anemone)

Anemone cylindrica (candle anemone)

Apocynum cannabinum (Indian hemp)

Artemisia ludoviciana ssp. ludoviciana (white sage)

Asclepias syriaca (common milkweed)

Asclepias viridiflora (green milkweed)

Asparagus officinalis (asparagus)

Bouteloua curtipendula var. curtipendula (sideoats grama)

Calystegia sepium (hedge bindweed)

Carduus acanthoides (plumeless thistle)

Cicuta maculata (spotted water hemlock)

Cirsium altissimum (tall thistle)

Cirsium arvense (Canada thistle)

Cirsium discolor (field thistle)

Cirsium flodmanii (Flodman’s thistle)

Convolvulus arvensis (field bindweed)

Coreopsis palmata (prairie coreopsis)

Cyclachaena xanthiifolia (giant sumpweed)

Dalea candida var. candida (white prairie clover)

Dalea purpurea var. purpurea (purple prairie clover)

Echinacea angustifolia (narrow-leaved purple coneflower)

Elymus canadensis (Canada wildrye)

Equisetum laevigatum (smooth scouring rush)

Eragrostis spectabilis (purple lovegrass)

Fraxinus pennsylvanica (green ash)

Helianthus grosseserratus (sawtooth sunflower)

Helianthus hirsutus (hairy sunflower)

Helianthus maximilianii (Maximilian’s sunflower)

Helianthus pauciflorus ssp. subrhomboideus (stiff sunflower)

Heliopsis helianthoides var. occidentalis (false sunflower)

Lathyrus palustris (marsh vetchling)

Liatris aspera (rough blazing star)

Liatris punctata var. punctata (dotted blazing star)

Lithospermum occidentale (western marbleseed)

Medicago sativa ssp. sativa (alfalfa)

Melilotus albus (white sweet clover)

Melilotus officinalis (yellow sweet clover)

Mirabilis nyctaginea (heart-leaved four o’clock)

Monarda fistulosa (wild bergamot)

Oenothera biennis (common evening primrose)

Oxytropis lambertii var. lambertii (purple locoweed)

Pediomelum argophyllum (silverleaf scurfpea)

Persicaria amphibia (water smartweed)

Phlox pilosa ssp. fulgida (downy phlox)

Physalis heterophylla var. heterophylla (clammy groundcherry)

Populus deltoides ssp. molinifera (plains cottonwood)

Prunus americana (American plum)

Ratibida pinnata (gray-headed coneflower)

Rosa arkansana (prairie rose)

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis (American elderberry)

Setaria faberi (giant foxtail)

Setaria pumila ssp. pumila (yellow foxtail)

Setaria viridis var. viridis (green foxtail)

Silphium laciniatum (compass plant)

Silphium perfoliatum var. perfoliatum (cup plant)

Solanum dulcamara (bittersweet nightshade)

Solidago altissima (late goldenrod)

Solidago rigida ssp. rigida (stiff goldenrod)

Sonchus asper (prickly sow thistle)

Spartina pectinata (prairie cordgrass)

Sporobolus heterolepis (prairie dropseed)

Symphyotrichum ericoides var. ericoides (white heath aster)

Symphyotrichum laeve (smooth blue aster)

Symphyotrichum lanceolatum (white panicled aster)

Toxicodendron rydbergii (western poison ivy)

Tragopogon dubius (yellow goat’s beard)

Trifolium pratense (red clover)

Ulmus pumila (Siberian elm)

Urtica dioica ssp. gracilis (stinging nettle)

Verbena bracteata (bracted vervain)

Zizia aptera (heart-leaved golden alexanders)

American elderberry

American plum

Canada anemone

common evening primrose

common yarrow

compass plant

downy phlox

field bindweed

gray-headed coneflower

green milkweed

leadplant

prairie onion

prairie rose

purple prairie clover

red clover

sawtooth sunflower

spotted water hemlock

stiff sunflower (ssp. subrhomboideus)

yellow goat’s beard

yellow sweet clover


 

 

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