cabbage white

(Pieris rapae)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

cabbage white

NatureServe

NNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable

Minnesota

not listed

Nativity

Native to Europe and Asia. European subspecies introduced and widely naturalized in North America.

Occurrence

Common to abundant and widespread; crop pest

Flight/Season

Three broods. Early May to late September.

Photo by Tom Baker
Habitat

Open or lightly wooded areas; gardens, roadsides, crop lands, urban areas.

 
Size

Wingspan: 1¾ to 2¼

 

Identification

This is a small- to medium-sized butterfly. It was introduced in Quebec in the 1860s and has become widespread and in some areas abundant. It is a crop pest.

The upperside of the wings are white. There is a black spot in the middle of the forewing and a black or blackish wingtip. There is also a black spot near the middle of the leading margin of the hindwing. The female has an additional black spot on the forewing near the inner margin.

The underside of the forewing is white with with one (male) or two (female) black spots and a pale yellow wingtip. The underside of the hindwing is uniformly pale yellowish-green or grayish-green.

 
Similar
Species

Mustard white (Pieris oleracea) has no black spots in the middle of the forewing. The veins of the underside of the hindwing are highlighted with yellowish-green or grayish-green.


Larval Food

Plants in the mustard (Brassicaceae) and caper (Capparidaceae) families.

 
Adult Food

Flower nectar from mustard, dandelion, red clover, aster, and mint.

 
Life Cycle

Females lay single eggs on the underside of a host leaf. The pupa overwinters as a chrysalis.

 
Behavior

 


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 7, 20, 21, 29, 71.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Order:

Lepidoptera (butterflies and moths)

 

Suborder:

Glossata

 

Infraorder:

Neolepidoptera

 

Parvorder:

Heteroneura

 

No Rank:

Ditrysia

 

No Rank:

Obtectomera

 

Superfamily:

Papilionoidea (butterflies [excluding skippers])

 

Family:

Pieridae (whites, yellows and sulphurs)

 

Subfamily:

Pierinae (whites)

 

Tribe:

Pierini

 

Subtribe:

Pierina

 
Subordinate Taxa

cabbage white (Pieris rapae atomaria)

cabbage white (Pieris rapae crucivora)

cabbage white (Pieris rapae eumorpha)

cabbage white (Pieris rapae leucosoma)

cabbage white (Pieris rapae mauretanica)

cabbage white (Pieris rapae napi)

cabbage white (Pieris rapae novangliae)

cabbage white (Pieris rapae orientalis)

cabbage white (Pieris rapae rapae)

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

cabbage butterfly

cabbage white

imported cabbageworm (larva)

small cabbage white


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

chrysalis

The pupa (third) stage of a butterfly or moth during which the caterpillar metamorphoses into an adult. In moths, the pupa is enclosed in a silk cocoon. In butterflies, the pupa is naked but protected by a hardened outer shell.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

Visitor Photos

   
Share your photo of this insect.

Tom Baker


  cabbage white   cabbage white
       
  cabbage white   cabbage white

       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   
  cabbage white   cabbage white
       
  cabbage white    
       

Female

  cabbage white    
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Cabbage White
DianesDigitals
 
  Cabbage White  
 
About

Copyright DianesDigitals

European Cabbage White Butterfly, Pieris rapae

 
     
  Cabbage White (Pieris rapae)
Bill Keim
 
  Cabbage White (Pieris rapae)  
     
  Pieris rapae (Cabbage White)
Allen Chartier
 
  Pieris rapae (Cabbage White)  
     
  Cabbage White
Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren
 
  Cabbage White  

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this insect.

     
     

Other Videos

 
  Cabbagewhite Butterfly --Pieris rapae-- Life Cycle
FastPlants
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Dec 13, 2011

Pieris rapae, also known as the Cabbagewhite or Brassica butterfly, completes its entire life cycle in this minimally-narrated video. Pieris rapae raised along with Wisconsin Fast Plants provide a rich example of interdependence and interrelatedness among organisms who share a habitat. For open access lessons and additional information about Pieris, visit the Wisconsin Fast Plant Program's website at www.fastplants.org and search our digital library under the "Activities" tab.

 
     
  Cabbage White Butterfly (Pieridae: Pieris rapae) Female on Leaf
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Aug 6, 2011

Photographed on the Wisconsin side of the Mississippi River north of Red Wing, Minnesota (04 August 2011). Thank you to Kelly Fiegle (@Bugguide.net) for confirming the identity and identifying the sex of this specimen!

 
     
  Pieris rapae - gdoremi.altervista.org
www.gdoremi.altervista.org
 
   
 
About

Published on Jan 3, 2013

Comunissima farfalla della famiglia delle Pieirdae

 
     
  Cabbage White Butterfly
mylensview
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Oct 8, 2011

Cabbage White Butterfly common in all North America

 
     

 

Camcorder

         

Visitor Sightings

   
Share your sighting of this insect.

Tom Baker
9/8/2012

 

cabbage white


Tom Baker
9/19/2011

 

cabbage white


Tom Baker
8/27/2011

 

cabbage white


Tom Baker
6/28/2010

 

cabbage white


     
     
 

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