skunk cabbage

(Symplocarpus foetidus)

Conservation Status
skunk cabbage
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

OBL - Obligate wetland

     
  Midwest

OBL - Obligate wetland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

OBL - Obligate wetland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

 

 
     
 

Height

 
 

12 to 24

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Green flowers on a purple green to spadix inside a purple hood

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Wet. Marshes, swamps. Full or partial shade.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

March to May

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

 
  4/22/2021      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Liliopsida (monocots)  
  Subclass Alismatidae  
 

Order

Alismatales (water-plantains, seagrass, and allies)  
 

Family

Araceae (arum)  
  Subfamily Orontioideae  
 

Genus

Symplocarpus (skunk cabbage)  
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Spathyema foetida

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

eastern skunk cabbage

skunk cabbage

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
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Plant

  skunk cabbage   skunk cabbage
       

Flower

  skunk cabbage   skunk cabbage
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Symplocarpus foetidus
Zi W
 
  Symplocarpus foetidus  
     
  Eastern Skunk Cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus)
Bill Keim
 
  Eastern Skunk Cabbage (Symplocarpus foetidus)  
     
  A Wild Skunk Cabbage Blooms
Phil Pursley
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Apr 22, 2011

The Symplocarpus foetidus (Eastern Skunk Cabbage) emerges through the snow and ice of an Illinois forest (Goodenow Grove, Will County Forest Preserve District, Beecher, IL) to blossum for all to enjoy. This plant shows an amazing ability to generate its own heat (thermogenesis), anywhere from 65 to 95 degrees F.

 
     

 

slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  Skunk Cabbage - A Sign of Spring [Plant ID Guide]
BlackOwlOutdoors
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 1, 2013

Krik of Black Owl Outdoors talks about Skunk Cabbage [Symplocarpus foetidus] a hearty plant that is an indicator of spring's impending return. A reason the Skunk Cabbage is able to sprout so early is because of thermogenesis, the ability to generate its own heat. The Skunk Cabbage can melt snow around it and use it's heat to spread it's smell and attract pollinators such as flys and beetles. The Skunk Cabbage has a wide range of population, spanning from eastern Asia to Eastern North America, but is found in wet, low-lying, boggy areas.

   
       
  ザゼンソウ(座禅草、Symplocarpus foetidus)
clothoid
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Feb 27, 2010

群馬県前橋市富士見町沼の窪のザゼンソウ群生地 2010年2月27日撮影

   
       
  Eastern Skunk Cabbage
MrILoveTheAnts
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Feb 23, 2012

Eastern Skunk Cabbage, Symplocarpus foetidus, is one of the earliest plants to flower. It's an important sources of early pollen for pollinators, mainly carrion flies, beetles, and early bees. The flower shields the insects from the cold and often they'll spend the night within the flower. Occasionally this kills the pollinator but I've found most of the flowers rot or are damaged enough that escape is easy. This plant normally grows in mucky bog-like soil in wetlands and along creeks and streams.

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   

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Katie
3-13-2018

Location: Minnehaha Regional Park (4801 S Minnehaha Dr, Minneapolis, MN 55417)

Sighted three years in a row in wet areas between falls and confluence of Minnehaha Creek and Mississippi River, take the path on the south side of the creek that alternates between boardwalk and beaten soil path. Is currently blooming.


     
     
 
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