common chickweed

(Stellaria media ssp. media)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not listed

common chickweed

NatureServe

NNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

Nativity

Native to Eurasia. Widely naturalized throughout North America.

 
Occurrence

Common

 
Habitat

Open woodlands, streambanks, river banks, bottomland forests, sloughs, bases of bluffs, crop fields, abandoned feilds, ditches, roadsides, lawns, gardens.

 
Flowering

March to November

     
Flower Color

White

     
Height

2 to 16 in height, stems 4 to 32 long

     
 
Identification

This is a 2 to 16 tall, annual or short-lived perennial forb that rises from a slender taproot.

The stems are sometimes ascending but more commonly the lower portion of the stem reclines on the ground (decumbent) while the upper portion is erect or ascending. They are 4 to 32 long but only 2 to 16 due to their decumbent form. They are green or burgundy, 4-sided, abundantly branched below the middle, and hairless except for a single line of hairs on one side between the nodes.

The leaves are opposite, egg-shaped to elliptic, 3 16 to 1½ long, and 1 16 to ¾ wide. They are rounded to wedge-shaped at the base and angled or tapered at the tip. Lower leaves are on short leaf stalks, middle and upper leaves are stalkless. The upper surface is green and hairless. The lower surface is paler green and hairless. The margins are untoothed.

The inflorescence is occasionally a solitary flower, more commonly a branched cluster (cyme) of 5 to many flowers at the end of the stem and branches. Each flower cluster is subtended by a pair of leaf-like bracts. The bracts are 1 32 to ½ long and egg-shaped, resembling small leaves.

The flowers are to ¼ wide. There are 5 green, oblong lance-shaped, to 3 16 long sepals. The sepals have a fringe of hairs along the margin and do not have a reddish band at the base. The are 5 white, 1 16 to long petals. The petals are deeply divided to 4 5 of the way to the base into 2 narrow lobes each, giving the appearance of 10 petals. The sepals are longer than the petals. Sometimes there are no petals. There are usually 3 to 5, sometimes as many as 8, stamens with reddish-violet anthers.

The fruit is a green to straw-colored, egg-shaped, to 3 16 long capsule.

 
Similar
Species

Giant chickweed (Myosoton aquaticum) stems are moderately to densely covered with glandular hairs. The flowers are larger, ¼ to ½ wide. The sepals are shorter than the petals.

Mouse-ear chickweed (Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare) stems are densely hairy.

 
Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 22, 24, 28.
 
Comments

 

 
Taxonomy

Family:

Caryophylaceae (pink)

 

Subfamily:

Alsinoideae

 

Tribe:

Alsineae

 
Synonyms

Alsine media

Stellaria apetala

Stellaria media var.media

Stellaria media var. procera

 
Common
Names

chickweed

common chickweed

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Bract

Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk or flower cluster.

 

Cyme

A branched, flat-topped or convex flower cluster in which the terminal flower opens first and the outermost flowers open last.

 

Decumbent

Reclining on the ground but with the tips ascending.

 

Glandular hairs

Hairs spread over aerial vegetation that secrete essential oils. The oils act to protect against herbivores and pathogens or, when on a flower part, attract pollinators. The hairs have a sticky or oily feel.

 

Node

The small swelling of the stem from which one or more leaves, branches, or buds originate.

 

Sepal

An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.

       
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  common chickweed    
       
       

 

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Slideshows
   
  Stellaria media
Susanne Wiik
 
  Stellaria media  
 
About

Vassarve, chickweed

 
     
  Common Chickweed
Wez Smith
 
  Common Chickweed  
 
About

Common Chickweed (Stellaria media).

 
     
  Plant portrait - Common chickweed (Stellaria media)
Identify that Plant
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 16, 2013

A detailed look at the life cycle of Common chickweed (Stellaria media). These images can aid in identifying this plant.

 
     

 

slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  Chickweed - How To Identify This Tasty Wild Food ( Stellaria media )
athatcher85
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 7, 2013

Chickweed ( Stellaria media ) is a plant native to europe which grows as a weed here in the us. It is totally edible and super nutritious. Eat it fresh in a salad, cook in your favorite omelet or even juice it.

   
       
  Survival Route: Wilderness Survival Skills - Wild Edible Plants - Stellaria Media
fwrlabs
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 2, 2013

Survival Route - http://www.survivalroute.org

As part of Survival Route's Wilderness Survival Skills, we are taking a trip to the wild to find edible plants! On this video, we present Stellaria Media, also known as chickweed or chickenwort.

It can be found in many parts of the world and is fairly easy to identify, making it ideal for those who are just learning how to identify wild edible plants. It is very tasty, nutricious, and can be enjoyed both raw and cooked. It also has a long history of medicinal use in several cultures.

Before attempting to consume any plant, you must be able to positively identify that it is the exact same plant you think it is. Mistakes can lead to severe illness and/or death. Even though we mention that several other plants of this family are also edible, never consume any plant unless you know which exact plant it is and whether this specific variety is edible or not, and under which conditions. Not all parts of all edible plants are edible. Also, not all edible plants can be eaten raw.

Stellaria Media is easy to identify and is safe to consume raw. All parts of this plant are edible, but it is good practice to avoid consuming the seeds. Just throw them back on the ground. This will ensure that there will be more where this came from. Do not tear the root out when you pick it. Just cut off the tops of the plants by hand or with a knife. You should always wash wild plants with clean water before consuming.

Enjoy and stay safe!

   
       
  Common Chickweed (Stellaria Media) - 2012-08-04
W3stlander
 
   
 
About

Published on Aug 7, 2012

Stellaria media, common chickweed, is a cool-season annual plant native to Europe, which is often eaten by chickens. It is commonly also called Chickenwort, Craches, Maruns, Winterweed.

---------
Vogelmuur (Stellaria media) is een lage, eenjarige plant uit de anjerfamilie (Caryophyllaceae). De bloeitijd loopt van januari tot december.

   
       
  Common Chickweed - Stellaria media
adamitshelanu
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 3, 2014

Common Chickweed - Stellaria media

Uncle Steve admires the delicate beauty of this tiny flower of Common chickweed (Stellaria media) in Uncle Steve's yard in Asheboro, Randolph County, North Carolina.

Date: 03 APRIL 2014

[vado sansa avidemux audacity irfanview]

   
       
  LA PAMPLINA: Stellaria media (http://riomoros.blogspot.com.es)
rioMoros
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 10, 2013

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Más sobre LA PAMPLINA (Stellaria media) en: http://riomoros.blogspot.com.es

   
       

 

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Crystal Boyd
6/2/2013

Location: Pine Bend Bluffs SNA


     
     
 
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