field clover

(Trifolium campestre)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

 

No image available

NatureServe

NNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable

Minnesota

not listed

Nativity

Native to Europe, western Asia, and northern Africa. Introduced and naturalized in North America

Occurrence

Common

Habitat

Moist or moderately moist. Abandoned fields, roadsides, trails, waste places. Full or partial sun.

 
Flowering

May to August

     
Flower Color

Yellow

     
Height

4 to 16

     

Identification

The leaflets do not have any white markings. The lateral leaflets are unstalked or nearly unstalked and the terminal leaflet is conspicuously long stalked. The flowers are yellow. The top petal (keel) is grooved. After flowering the petals remain on the plant and become brown or nearly white and papery. The seedpod is dull brown and straight, not coiled.

 
Similar
Species

Black medick (Medicago lupulina) flower heads are smaller. The top keel is smooth, not grooved. The petals drop off after flowering. The mature seedpod is black and coiled.

Golden clover (Trifolium aureum) terminal leaflet is unstalked or nearly unstalked, no longer than the stalk of the lateral leaflets.


Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 22, 28, 29.

 

 

 

 


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Taxonomy

Family:

Fabaceae (pea)

 

Subfamily:

Faboideae (Papilionoideae)

 

Tribe:

Trifolieae

 

Genus:

Trifolium

 

Subgenus:

Chronosemium

 
Synonyms

Trifolium procumbens

Trifolium campestre var. campestre

Trifolium campestre var. minus

 
Common
Names

big hop clover

field clover

field hop clover

great hop trefoil

 

hop clover

large hop clover

lesser hop clover

low hop clover


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

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