oxeye daisy

(Leucanthemum vulgare)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

oxeye daisy

NatureServe

NNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

UPL - Obligate upland

Midwest

UPL - Obligate upland

Northcentral & Northeast

UPL - Obligate upland

Weed Status

State noxious weed in Cass, Hubbard, Itasca, and Lake of the Woods Counties

Invasive

 
Nativity

Native to Europe, Turkey, and Georgia. Introduced and naturalized in North America.

 
Occurrence

Common

 
Habitat

Fields, pastures, disturbed sites.

 
Flowering

June to August

     
Flower Color

White ray florets, yellow disk florets

     
Height

8 to 24

     

Identification

This is an erect, perennial forb that rises on usually 1 stem from fibrous roots with short rhizomes. It can be 8 to 24 tall but is usually no more than 12 tall.

The stems are erect, hairless or inconspicuously hairy, usually unbranched, and angled.

Basal leaves are spatulate or inversely lance-shaped with the attachment at the narrow end, ½ to 2 long, to 1 wide, but usually no more than 1 long and ¾ wide. They are on leaf stalks that are to 4 long but usually no more than 1 long. The margins usually have 3 to 7 lobes per side, with or without irregular teeth, or are unlobed and irregularly toothed.

Stem leaves are alternate, and inversely lance-shaped, spatulate to lance-shaped, or linear. They are 1 to 3 long, and 1 16 to 9 16 wide, becoming smaller and fewer as they ascend the stem. Lower stem leaves are on short leaf stalks, the stalks becoming shorter as they ascend the stem. Upper leaves are stalkless. Margins of the mid-stem leaves are usually irregularly toothed around the entire margin. The upper and lower surfaces are hairless.

The inflorescence is a single flower head on a long, slender stalk at the ends of the stems and branches.

The flowers are 1 to 2 wide, composed of 15 to 35 white ray florets surrounding a flattened, ¼ to ¾ wide disk of numerous yellow disk florets. The rays are ½ to 1 long though usually no longer than ¾, and are toothed at the tip. At the base of the flower head are several series of overlapping, green bracts with brown margins.

The fruit is an achene.

 
Similar
Species

Dog-fennel (Anthemis cotula) leaves are feathery, 2 to 3 times pinnately-divided, not lobed. The ray flowers are shorter, stubbier.

Wild chamomile (Matricaria recutita) leaves are feathery, 2 to 3 times pinnately-divided, not lobed. The ray flowers are shorter, stubbier.


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 22, 28.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Family:

Asteraceae (aster)

 

Subfamily:

Asteroideae

 

Supertribe:

Asterodae

 

Tribe:

Anthemideae (camomile)

  No Rank: Mediterranean clade
 

Subtribe:

Leucantheminae

 
Synonyms

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum var. boecheri

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum var. pinnatifidum

Leucanthemum ircutianum

Leucanthemum leucanthemum

Leucanthemum vulgare var. pinnatifidum

Matricaria leucanthemum

Pyrethrum leucanthemum

Tanacetum leucanthemum

 
Common
Names

common daisy

dog daisy

field daisy

margriet

marguerite

marguerite daisy

moon daisy

ox-eye daisy

 

oxeye daisy

oxeye-daisy

oxeyedaisy

poorland-flower

poorlandflower

white daisy

white-weed

whiteweed


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

achene

A dry, one-chambered, single-seeded fruit, formed from a single carpel, with the seed attached to the membranous outer layer (wall) only by the seed stalk; the wall, formed entirely from the wall of the superior ovary, does not split open at maturity, but relies on decay or predation to release the contents.

 

pinnate

Having the leaflets of a compound leaf arranged on opposite sides of a common stalk.

 

rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

       

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Habitat

  oxeye daisy    
       

Inflorescence

  oxeye daisy    
       

Flower Head

  oxeye daisy   oxeye daisy
       
  oxeye daisy    
       

Leaves

  oxeye daisy    
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Leucanthemum vulgare
Susanne Wiik
 
  Leucanthemum vulgare  
 
About

Prestekrage
Oxeye daisy

 
     
  Leucanthemum vulgare
Matt Lavin
 
  Leucanthemum vulgare  
 
About

Also known as Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. Introduced rhizomatous perennial, leaves shallowly toothed or lobed, stems 20-80 cm tall, involucral bracts arranged in several series and each bract has a brown translucent margin, receptacle naked, common along roadsides and in pastures (nutrient rich sites).

 
     
  Oxeye Daisy (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum)
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Oxeye Daisy (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum)  
 
About

A very common wild flower in Vermont.

 
     
  Oxeye Daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)
Bill Keim
 
  Oxeye Daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)  
     
  Chrysanthemum leucanthemum pinnatifidum OXEYE DAISY
Frank Mayfield
 
  Chrysanthemum leucanthemum pinnatifidum OXEYE DAISY  
     
  Plant portrait - Oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)
Identify that Plant
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 27, 2014

A detailed look at the life cycle of Oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare). These images can help to accurately identify the plant during different seasons of the year.

 
     

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
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Other Videos

 
  MyNature Apps; Identifying Oxeye Daisy, Leucanthemum vulgare
MyNatureApps
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Jun 11, 2011

How to identify an Oxeye Daisy, Leucanthemum vulgare www.mynatureapps.com

 
     
  Invasive Species - Oxeye Daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)
Wandering Sole TV
 
   
 
About

Published on Aug 24, 2012

This video is a first in my wildflower series, as it is the first invasive plant I have filmed and uploaded to my channel. I guess this illustrates my varying goals for posting these videos. Certainly part of the reason is identification and this is why I will document some number of invasive species before I am done.

The oxeye daisy, though pretty, is a Eurasian species that heartily invades fields and meadows and displaces native grasses.

 
     
  Oxeye Daisy (Leucanthemum Vulgare) - 2012-06-03
W3stlander
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 6, 2012

Leucanthemum vulgare, the oxeye daisy, (syn. Chrysanthemum leucanthemum).

---------------
De gewone margriet (Leucanthemum vulgare, synoniem: Chrysanthemum leucanthemum) is een vaste plant uit de composietenfamilie (Asteraceae).

 
     
  Leucanthemum vulgare
wander van laar
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 1, 2014

No description available.

 
     
  Large Skipper on Ox-eye Daisy - Rostfarbiger Dickkopffalter
rosmarinusofficialis
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Jun 19, 2009

The male skipper (Ochlodes venatus) sat on the ox-eye daisy for ten minutes waiting for sunshine. When the sun reappeared his proboscis got busy.

Der männliche Falter saß zehn Minuten lang auf der Margerite und wartete auf Sonnenschein. Als die Sonne erschien, wurde sein Rüssel fleißig.

 
     

 

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