oxeye daisy

(Leucanthemum vulgare)

Conservation Status
oxeye daisy
  IUCN Red List

not listed


NNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable


not listed

Weed Status

Oxeye daisy is listed as an invasive terrestrial plant by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources. However, it is not currently regulated in Minnesota.

Wetland Indicator Status
  Great Plains

UPL - Obligate upland


UPL - Obligate upland

  Northcentral & Northeast

UPL - Obligate upland


Oxeye daisy is an erect, perennial forb that rises on usually 1 stem from fibrous roots with short rhizomes. It can be 8 to 24 tall but is usually no more than 12 tall.

The stems are erect, hairless or inconspicuously hairy, usually unbranched, and angled.

Basal leaves are spatulate or inversely lance-shaped with the attachment at the narrow end, ½ to 2 long, to 1 wide, but usually no more than 1 long and ¾ wide. They are on leaf stalks that are to 4 long but usually no more than 1 long. The margins usually have 3 to 7 lobes per side, with or without irregular teeth, or are unlobed and irregularly toothed.

Stem leaves are alternate, and inversely lance-shaped, spatulate to lance-shaped, or linear. They are 1 to 3 long, and 1 16 to 9 16 wide, becoming smaller and fewer as they ascend the stem. Lower stem leaves are on short leaf stalks, the stalks becoming shorter as they ascend the stem. Upper leaves are stalkless. Margins of the mid-stem leaves are usually irregularly toothed around the entire margin. The upper and lower surfaces are hairless.

The inflorescence is a single flower head on a long, slender stalk at the ends of the stems and branches.

The flowers are 1 to 2 wide, composed of 15 to 35 white ray florets surrounding a flattened, ¼ to ¾ wide disk of numerous yellow disk florets. The rays are ½ to 1 long though usually no longer than ¾, and are toothed at the tip. At the base of the flower head are several series of overlapping, green bracts with brown margins.

The fruit is an achene.




8 to 24


Flower Color


White ray florets, yellow disk florets


Similar Species


Dog-fennel (Anthemis cotula) leaves are feathery, 2 to 3 times pinnately-divided, not lobed. The ray flowers are shorter, stubbier.

Wild chamomile (Matricaria recutita) leaves are feathery, 2 to 3 times pinnately-divided, not lobed. The ray flowers are shorter, stubbier.


Fields, pastures, disturbed sites.




June to August


Pests and Diseases






Distribution Map



2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 22, 28, 29, 30.




Native to Europe, Turkey, and Georgia. Introduced and naturalized in North America.





  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Asteranae  


Asterales (sunflowers, bellflowers, fanflowers, and allies)  


Asteraceae (sunflowers, daisies, asters, and allies)  
  Subfamily Asteroideae  
  Supertribe Asterodae  
  Tribe Anthemideae (chamomiles, yarrows, and allies)  
  Subtribe Leucantheminae  
  Genus Leucanthemum  

Subordinate Taxa


Two varieties have been described; the common nominate variety with deeply lobed leaves, and an uncommon variety with more entire leaves. However, the extremes appear to grade into each other. The varieties are not accepted by most taxonomists.




Chrysanthemum leucanthemum

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum var. boecheri

Chrysanthemum leucanthemum var. pinnatifidum

Leucanthemum ircutianum

Leucanthemum leucanthemum

Leucanthemum vulgare var. pinnatifidum

Leucanthemum vulgare var.vulgare

Matricaria leucanthemum

Pyrethrum leucanthemum

Tanacetum leucanthemum


Common Names


common daisy

dog daisy

field daisy



marguerite daisy

moon daisy

ox-eye daisy

oxeye daisy





white daisy


















A dry, one-chambered, single-seeded seed capsule, formed from a single carpel, with the seed attached to the membranous outer layer (wall) only by the seed stalk; the wall, formed entirely from the wall of the superior ovary, does not split open at maturity, but relies on decay or predation to release the contents.



On a compound leaf, having the leaflets arranged on opposite sides of a common stalk. On a bryophyte, having branches evenly arranged on opposite sides of a stem.



A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos


    oxeye daisy      


    oxeye daisy      

Flower Head

    oxeye daisy   oxeye daisy  
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    oxeye daisy   oxeye daisy  



  Leucanthemum vulgare
Susanne Wiik
  Leucanthemum vulgare  

Oxeye daisy

  Leucanthemum vulgare
Matt Lavin
  Leucanthemum vulgare  

Also known as Chrysanthemum leucanthemum. Introduced rhizomatous perennial, leaves shallowly toothed or lobed, stems 20-80 cm tall, involucral bracts arranged in several series and each bract has a brown translucent margin, receptacle naked, common along roadsides and in pastures (nutrient rich sites).

  Oxeye Daisy (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum)
Andree Reno Sanborn
  Oxeye Daisy (Chrysanthemum leucanthemum)  

A very common wild flower in Vermont.

  Chrysanthemum leucanthemum pinnatifidum OXEYE DAISY
Frank Mayfield
  Chrysanthemum leucanthemum pinnatifidum OXEYE DAISY  
  Plant portrait - Oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)
Identify that Plant

Published on Feb 27, 2014

A detailed look at the life cycle of Oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare). These images can help to accurately identify the plant during different seasons of the year.




Visitor Videos

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Other Videos
  MyNature Apps; Identifying Oxeye Daisy, Leucanthemum vulgare

Uploaded on Jun 11, 2011

How to identify an Oxeye Daisy, Leucanthemum vulgare www.mynatureapps.com

  Invasive Species - Oxeye Daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)
Wandering Sole TV

Published on Aug 24, 2012

This video is a first in my wildflower series, as it is the first invasive plant I have filmed and uploaded to my channel. I guess this illustrates my varying goals for posting these videos. Certainly part of the reason is identification and this is why I will document some number of invasive species before I am done.

The oxeye daisy, though pretty, is a Eurasian species that heartily invades fields and meadows and displaces native grasses.

  Oxeye Daisy (Leucanthemum Vulgare) - 2012-06-03

Published on Jun 6, 2012

Leucanthemum vulgare, the oxeye daisy, (syn. Chrysanthemum leucanthemum).

De gewone margriet (Leucanthemum vulgare, synoniem: Chrysanthemum leucanthemum) is een vaste plant uit de composietenfamilie (Asteraceae).

  Leucanthemum vulgare
wander van laar

Published on Jun 1, 2014

No description available.

  Large Skipper on Ox-eye Daisy - Rostfarbiger Dickkopffalter

Uploaded on Jun 19, 2009

The male skipper (Ochlodes venatus) sat on the ox-eye daisy for ten minutes waiting for sunshine. When the sun reappeared his proboscis got busy.

Der männliche Falter saß zehn Minuten lang auf der Margerite und wartete auf Sonnenschein. Als die Sonne erschien, wurde sein Rüssel fleißig.






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