Ruffed Grouse

(Bonasa umbellus)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

Ruffed Grouse

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Common year-round resident

Habitat

Deciduous forests, mixed forests, riparian wiidlands

Size

15 to 19 in length

22 wingspan

Photo by Dan W. Andree
 
Identification

 

 
Voice

 

 
Similar
Species

 

 
Food

 

 
Nesting

 

 
Migration

 

 
Comments

 

 
Taxonomy

Order:

Galliformes (megapodes, curassows, pheasants, quails, and relatives)

 

Family:

Phasianidae (turkeys, grouse, pheasants, and partridges)

 

Subfamily:

Tetraoninae (grouse)

 
Subordinate Taxa

Appalachian Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus monticola)

Columbian Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus affinis)

Eastern Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus umbellus)

Gray Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus umbelloides)

Hoary Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus incana)

Idaho Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus phaia)

Midwestern Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus mediana)

Olympic Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus castanea)

Pacific Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus sabini)

Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus labradorensis)

Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus thayeri)

St. Lawrence Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus togata)

Vancouver Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus brunnescens)

Yukon Ruffed Grouse (Bonasa umbellus yukonensis)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
Visitor Photos
   
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Ramona Abrego
       
  Ruffed Grouse   Ruffed Grouse
       
  Ruffed Grouse   Ruffed Grouse
  Ruffed Grouse    
       
       
Dan W. Andree
       

Ruffed Grouse Nest and Eggs

I didn’t stick around there long. It was kind of windy and chilly so took a couple quick photos and left so she would return to the nest.

  Ruffed Grouse   Ruffed Grouse
       

Ruffed Grouse on her nest...

It was located on an incline so difficult angle to photograph from. At one point my foot slipped and she did leave the nest pretending to be wounded and making a sound like she was. That was when I noticed she had more eggs than the first time(5-7-20) I encountered the nesting grouse. Anyway I left right away and it was a milder day. She would have just stayed on her nest hadn’t I slipped. I was a distance away and zoomed all the way in on her.

  Ruffed Grouse    
       

Now there are 12 eggs...

Same nest, just more eggs.

  Ruffed Grouse    
       

Ruffed Grouse 10-26-19...

In the woods rural Norman County, Mn.

  Ruffed Grouse    
       

Adult female Ruffed Grouse and...

While out on a woodland trail near Twin Valley, Mn. I noticed a ruffed grouse that showed up suddenly near me acting kind of peculiar. She would make strange sounds wander into the brush then re-emerge sometimes ruffing up her feathers.

As I looked a little closer I noticed she had some little baby ones. They were so small and when lying still extremely hard to notice or see. I noticed one walking off and then looked much closer to be sure I did not accidentally step on one. I spoke softly…Do not worry momma grouse I am not going to hurt your babies. She just kind of looked at me funny and seemed to calm down. I took a couple quick photos and quietly walk back in the other direction not to disturb their outing. Some of the little ones were resting right on the wide trail. Possibly even napping as small as they were.

  Ruffed Grouse    
       
  Ruffed Grouse  
       
Bill Reynolds
       
  Ruffed Grouse    
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   
       
       
       

 

Camera

 

     
Slideshows
   
  Ruffed Grouse
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Ruffed Grouse  
 
About

Bonasa Umbellus

 
     
  Ruffed Grouse
Allen Chartier
 
  Ruffed Grouse  
     
  Ruffed Grouse - Bonasa umbellus
Jean-François Hic
 
  Ruffed Grouse - Bonasa umbellus  

 

slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  Ruff Grouse Drumming
Dale Bohlke
 
   
 
About

Ruff grouse "drum "on the same log each year to attract a mate and proclaim their territory to other males. Drumming continues at regular intervals throughout the day and lasts through May. Occasionally drumming is heard during the summer. Footage acquired with a Canon 7D and C100 over two seasons.

   
       
  Ruffed Grouse Basics
DirksOutdoors
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Feb 27, 2012

I met Dr. Linda Ordiway at the 2012 Eastern Outdoor Sports show in Harrisburg PA. She agreed to give us a few minutes in front of the camera to review Ruffed Grouse basic biology.

www.ruffedgrousesociety.org

www.dirksoutdoors.com

   
       
  Ruffed Grouse Drumming
The Music of Nature
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Feb 4, 2010

In the spring, male Ruffed Grouse perch on fallen logs and make a low-pitched drumming sound by opening and closing their wings in rapid succession. The thumping starts slow but quickly gains in speed, and the rapidly beating wings turn into a complete blur when the drumroll reaches its peak.

One might think the thumps are produced by the beating of the wings against the chest, but in actuality the thumps are little sonic booms created as air suddenly fills a vacuum made when the wings are thrust outward from the breast.

Check out our blog post about this subject at the musicofnature.org web site: http://www.musicofnature.org/home/ruffed_grouse_drumming/

video and sounds © 2010 Lang Elliott & Bob McGuire

   
       
  Voices: Ruffed Grouse
LabofOrnithology
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on May 24, 2010

Listen as Macaulay Library Audio Archivist Martha Fischer describes listening to the drum of a male Ruffed Grouse.

Learn more about Ruffed Grouse on All About Birds: http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/ruffed_grouse/id

Audio recordings by Jonathan R. Storm. Photographs by Marie Read. To explore more audio recordings visit the Macaulay Library: http://macaulaylibrary.org/index.do

   
       
  Two Ruffed Grouse Visit the Ontario FeederWatch Cam
LabofOrnithology
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 15, 2013

You can watch live between 7AM and 7PM EST at http://allaboutbirds.org/feederwatchcam

Two Ruffed Grouse have a leisurely dinner on the feeder platform at the FeederWatch Cam.

Keep up with all the Cornell Lab of Ornithology's Bird Cams happenings by subscribing to our eNews: http://info.allaboutbirds.org/birdcam...

   
       
  Ruffed Grouse Society Lehigh Valley Chapter Habitat Project
James10252010
 
   
 
About

Published on Aug 23, 2012

The Lehigh Valley Chapter of the RGS combined efforts with the Pennsylvania Game Commission to create early successional habitat growth in SE Pennsylvania to benefit the Ruffed Grouse.

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   
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Be sure to include a location.

Ramona Abrego

Location: Cook County

Ruffed Grouse


Dan W. Andree
5/14/2020

Location: Woodlands in Norman County, Mn.

It was located on an incline so difficult angle to photograph from. At one point my foot slipped and she did leave the nest pretending to be wounded and making a sound like she was. That was when I noticed she had more eggs than the first time(5-7-20) I encountered the nesting grouse. Anyway I left right away and it was a milder day. She would have just stayed on her nest hadn’t I slipped. I was a distance away and zoomed all the way in on her.

Ruffed Grouse


Dan W. Andree
5/7/2020

Location: Woodlands in Norman County, Mn.

I didn’t stick around there long. It was kind of windy and chilly so took a couple quick photos and left so she would return to the nest.

Ruffed Grouse


Dan W. Andree
10/26/2019

Location: Rural Norman Co., Mn.

In the woods

Ruffed Grouse


Ramona Abrego
10/28/2018

Location: Becker County

Ruffed Grouse


Ramona Abrego
10/24/2018

Location: Becker County

Ruffed Grouse


Dan W. Andree
June 2018

Location: near Twin Valley, Mn

While out on a woodland trail near Twin Valley, Mn. I noticed a ruffed grouse that showed up suddenly near me acting kind of peculiar. She would make strange sounds wander into the brush then re-emerge sometimes ruffing up her feathers. As I looked a little closer I noticed she had some little baby ones. They were so small and when lying still extremely hard to notice or see. I noticed one walking off and then looked much closer to be sure I did not accidentally step on one. I spoke softly…Do not worry momma grouse I am not going to hurt your babies. She just kind of looked at me funny and seemed to calm down. I took a couple quick photos and quietly walk back in the other direction not to disturb their outing. Some of the little ones were resting right on the wide trail. Possibly even napping as small as they were.

Ruffed Grouse


Bill Reynolds
5/16/2008

Location: Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge

Ruffed Grouse


     
     
 
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