smooth sawgrass

(Cladium mariscoides)

Conservation Status

 

No image available

 
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

S3 - Vulnerable

     
  Minnesota

Special Concern

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

OBL - Obligate wetland

     
  Midwest

OBL - Obligate wetland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

OBL - Obligate wetland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

The leaves are very narrow, 1 32 to wide. The upper portion is folded inward and round in cross section. The lower portion is flat. The inflorescence is a terminal umbel and one or two unbels from leaf axils. The panicles are twice branched but not three times branched. The flowering spikelets are in groups of 3 to 5 and are reddish or reddish-brown.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

12 to 40

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Wet. Fens, lake shores. Full sun.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Maturing

 
 

Mid-July to late August

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 28, 29.

 
  7/30/2015      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Rare

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Liliopsida (monocots)  
 

Order

Poales (grasses, sedges, cattails, and allies)  
 

Family

Cyperaceae (sedge)  
  Subfamily Cyperoideae  
  Tribe Schoeneae  
 

Genus

Cladium (sawgrass)  
       
 

Some taxonomic authorities, including GRIN, place the genus Cladium in its own genus Cladieae.

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Mariscus mariscoides

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

smooth saw-grass

smooth sawgrass

twig-rush

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
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