common reed

(Phragmites australis)

North American common reed












Distribution Map



2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 22, 28.

  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Liliopsida (monocots)  


Poales (grasses, sedges, cattails, and allies)  


Poaceae (grasses)  
  No Rank PACMAD clade  
  Subfamily Arundinoideae (reeds, giant canes, and allies)  
  Tribe Molinieae  
  Subtribe Moliniinae  


Phragmites (reeds)  

Subordinate Taxa


European common reed (Phragmites australis ssp. australis)

North American common reed (Phragmites australis ssp. americanus)

Subtropical common reed (Phragmites australis ssp. berlandieri)




Arundo altissima

Arundo australis

Arundo graeca

Arundo isiaca

Arundo maxima

Arundo occidentalis

Arundo palustris

Arundo phragmites

Arundo vulgaris

Cynodon phragmites

Oxyanthe phragmites

Phragmites altissimus

Phragmites australis ssp. maximus

Phragmites australis var. berlandieri

Phragmites berlandieri

Phragmites capensis

Phragmites caudatus

Phragmites chilensis

Phragmites communis ssp. berlandieri

Phragmites communis ssp. maximus

Phragmites communis var. berlandieri

Phragmites communis var. flavescens

Phragmites communis var. genuinus

Phragmites communis var. hispanicus

Phragmites communis var. isiacus

Phragmites communis var. mauritianus

Phragmites communis var. variegatus

Phragmites communis

Phragmites dioicus

Phragmites fissifolius

Phragmites hispanicus

Phragmites isiacus

Phragmites martinicensis

Phragmites mauritianus

Phragmites maximus

Phragmites maximus var. berlandieri

Phragmites maximus var. variegatus

Phragmites occidentalis

Phragmites phragmites

Phragmites vulgaris

Phragmites vulgaris ssp. maximus

Phragmites vulgaris var. mauritianus

Reimaria diffusa

Trichoon phragmites


Common Names


common reed











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  Phragmites australis (Common Reed)
Allen Chartier
  Phragmites australis (Common Reed)  



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Other Videos
  common reed (Phragmites australis)

Uploaded on May 24, 2010

Aquatic and Invasive Plant Identification Series by the UF/IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants ( ) and the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission, Invasive Plant Management Section.

For more information about common reed, go to

Video editor/videographer - Phil Chiocchio

  The Common Reed, Phragmites with Tim Simmons
Danger in the Reeds

Published on Feb 11, 2014

Viewers who may never have the opportunity to visit the Great Marsh will quickly understand from Tim's clear and precise explanations why these 14 square miles of marsh lands are so important to all of us and how Phragmites has evolved into a "super" species capable of damaging ecosystems like the Great Marsh wherever it is allowed to expand.




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