western germander

(Teucrium canadense var. occidentale)

Conservation Status
western germander
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

FACW - Facultative wetland

     
  Midwest

FACW - Facultative wetland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FACW - Facultative wetland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

The leaves have straight and spreading hairs on the lower surface. Many of the hairs, especially in the inflorescence, are gland-tipped.

The flowers are not hooded.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

12 to 40, but usually 24 or less

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Pink to purple

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  American germander (Teucrium canadense var. canadense) leaves have curled or crooked hairs on the lower leaf surface. None of the hairs, even in the inflorescence, are gland-tipped.  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Moist to wet. Woods, prairies, meadows, marshes.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

July to August

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

3, 4, 7, 30.

 
  4/17/2021      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (dicots)  
  Superorder Asteranae  
 

Order

Lamiales (mints, plantains, olives, and allies)  
 

Family

Lamiaceae (mint)  
  Subfamily Ajugoideae  
  Genus Teucrium (germander)  
  Species    
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Teucrium boreale

Teucrium canadense var. boreale

Teucrium canadense ssp. occidentale

Teucrium canadense ssp. viscidum

Teucrium occidentale

Teucrium occidentale var. boreale

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

American germander

western germander

wood sage

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

Colony

  western germander    
       

Plant

  western germander    
       

Inflorescence

  western germander    
       

Infructescence

  western germander   western germander
       
       

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
 
     
     
     

 

slideshow

       
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
         

 

 

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