Ohio spiderwort

(Tradescantia ohiensis)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

 

No image available

NatureServe

N5? - Secure

S4S5 - Apparently Secure to Secure

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

Nativity

Native

Occurrence

 

Habitat

Dry, moderate, or moist. Prairies, meadows, thickets, roadsides. Full to partial sun.

Flowering

April to July

     
Flower Color

Deep blue to purple

     
Height

16 to 40

     

Identification

This is a 16 to 40 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises on 1 to many stems from thick, fleshy, fibrous roots.

The stems are erect or ascending, often branched, usually hairless, bluish-green, and covered with a whitish, waxy or powdery film (glaucous). There are 3 to 8 nodes on the stem and up to 9 between nodes.

The leaves are alternate, linear, 4 to 14 long, and ¼ to ¾ wide but usually less than wide. They are flat, not rolled or keeled, firm, usually hairless, grayish-green or bluish-green, and glaucous. They form an angle of less than 90° with the stem and curve into an arch like a bow. The upper leaves are as narrow or narrower than the part of the leaf that surrounds the stem when it is opened and flattened. The base of the leaf surrounds the stem. The tip tapers to a point with concave sides along the tip. The margins are untoothed.

The inflorescence is a tight, umbrella-like cluster of many flowers arising from the same point. They appear at the end of the stem, at the ends of branches, and often on long stalks rising from the leaf axils. A pair of bracts below the inflorescence are similar to the leaves and about the same size, 1 to 8 long.

The flowers are 1 to 1½ wide. They are on ¼ to 1 long, hairless stalks which droop when in bud, becoming erect when the flower opens. The sepals are glaucous and usually hairless, but may have a tuft of hairs at the tip. The 3 petals are deep blue to purple and broadly egg-shaped. There are 6 stamens with bright yellow anthers. The petals last only one day, opening in the morning then turning to jelly in the mid-day heat. The central flowers bloom first. There is no floral scent.

The fruit is a papery, round capsule ¼ or less in diameter with 3 to 6 seeds.

 
Similar
Species

Bracted spiderwort (Tradescantia bracteata) is a smaller plant, 16 to 24 tall at maturity. The stems are usually unbranched and bright green. The leaves are bright green and keeled, not flat. Neither the stems nor the leaves are glaucous. The bracts are 2 to 12 long, often longer and wider than the leaves. The sepals and flower stalks are densely hairy with both long and short hairs.

Prairie spiderwort (Tradescantia occidentalis var. occidentalis) is a smaller plant, 8 to 24 tall at maturity. The leaves are bright green and rolled inward toward the upper side, not flat. The sepals and flower stalks are sparsely hairy with minute, glandular hairs. However, hairiness of sepals and flower stalks is an unreliable indicator in the field, as they may not be obvious and may be overlooked.


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Family:

Commelinaceae (spiderwort)

 

Subfamily:

Commelinoideae

 

Tribe:

Tradescantieae

 

Subtribe:

Tradescantiinae

 
Synonyms

Tradescantia canaliculata

Tradescantia foliosa

Tradescantia incarnata

Tradescantia ohiensis var. foliosa

Tradescantia reflexa

 
Common
Names

bluejacket

common spiderwort

Ohio spiderwort

smooth spiderwort


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

axil

The upper angle where the leaf stalk meets the stem.

 

bract

Modified leaf at the base of a flower stalk or flower cluster.

 

glaucous

Pale green or bluish gray due to a whitish, powdery or waxy film, as on a plum or a grape.

 

keeled

Folded, as in a grass blade, or with a raised ridge, as in a grass sheath; like the keel of a boat.

 

linear

Long, straight, and narrow, with more or less parallel sides, like a blade of grass.

 

node

The small swelling of the stem from which one or more leaves, branches, or buds originate.

 

sepal

An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.

 

sheath

The lower part of the leaf that surrounds the stem.

       

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  Tradescantia ohioensis (Common Spiderwort)
Allen Chartier
 
  Tradescantia ohioensis (Common Spiderwort)  
     
  Tradescantia ohiensis COMMON SPIDERWORT
Frank Mayfield
 
  Tradescantia ohiensis COMMON SPIDERWORT  
     
  Ohio Spiderwort - Tradescantia ohioensis
NativeWildflowers
 
   
 
About

Published on Jan 18, 2013

Earthyman shows Ohio Spiderwort - Tradescantia ohioensis blooming at Ion Exchange native seed and plant nursery. Spiderwort blooms in June and may bloom again in the fall. Slender, erect stems, often with a purple tinge. Flowers are blue to purple, occasionally white and appear in dense clusters at the tops of the stems. Leaves are long and quite like those of an Iris. Found in dry to mesic praires and savannas and along roadsides and railroads. Relatively common to all but the northwest portions of the Tallgrass biome.

Seeds and plants and be purchased at http://nativewildflowersandseeds.com

 
     

 

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  Ohio Spiderwort is a Good Native Pollinator
Ionxchange
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 27, 2013

Earthyman views Ohio Spiderwort (Tradescantia ohiensis) at Ion Exchange, Inc native seed and plant nursery in Northeast Iowa. Let's give the bees a little help by planting more native prairie plants. http://www.ionxchange.com

 
     
  Tradescantia ohiensis Opening.wmv
FLPhotoCatcher
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 9, 2012

Timelapse of the flower Tradescantia ohiensis opening in Florida. (common name Ohio Spiderwort). The flowers open before sunrise. The bug caused the flowers to move a little.

 
     
  Tradescantia ohiensis Spider Wort
dullard69
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 18, 2013

A nice little flowering plant

 
     
  Bumblebee visits spiderwort in Columbus, Ohio, USA
Robert Klips
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Dec 28, 2010

A bumblebee briefly visits a flower of Ohio spiderwort (Tradescantia ohioensis) at a garden in Columbus, Ohio, USA on May 29, 2010.

 
     

 

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