Carolina anemone

(Anemone caroliniana)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

Carolina anemone

NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Nativity

Native

Occurrence

 

Habitat

Dry. Prairies, barrens, pastures, meadows, open woods. Full or partial sun.

Flowering

April to May

     
Flower Color

White to rose or blue to purple

     
Height

4 to 6

     

Identification

This is an erect perennial rising from a globular, ascending or vertical tuber and one to several ascending or horizontal underground stems (rhizomes). The rhizomes grow quickly and the plant is often found carpeting large areas.

One to three basal leaves rise from the ground on stalks 1 to 4 long. They are divided into three leaflets, each of which is again divided into three lobes. The leaflets are hairless and toothed. In early spring the leaves are often reddish purple, but they eventually turn green.

A solitary flower rises at the top of an reddish purple, unbranched stem that is hairless at the base but has long, soft, shaggy, but unmatted hairs near the top.

On the lower part of the stem is a whorl of 3 leaves. The stem leaves are similar to the basal leaves only smaller, ½ to 1 long. They are attached to the stem without a stalk and are fused at the base. They are divided into three leaflets, each of which is again divided into three lobes with pointed tips. The leaflets are toothed above the middle and have sparse long, soft, straight hairs.

The flower is 1 to 1½ wide, daisy-like, unscented, with 10 to 20 white to rose or purple, petal-like sepals. At the center are a number of yellow pistils and stamens. The bud is light pink or light purple. The flowers open in the morning and close by mid-afternoon.

 
Similar
Species

 


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Family:

Ranunculaceae (buttercup)

 

Subfamily:

Ranunculoideae

 

Tribe:

Anemoneae

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

Carolina anemone

Carolina anemone

prairie anemone


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

 

sepal

An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.

 

tuber

An underground root (as with dahlias) or stem (as with potatoes), thickened by the accumulation of reserved food (usually starch), which serves for food storage and vegetative propagation.

       

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  Carolina anemone   Carolina anemone
       

Sepals

  Carolina anemone    
       

Flower

  Carolina anemone   Carolina anemone
       

Leaves

  Carolina anemone   Carolina anemone
       
       

 

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