Carolina anemone

(Anemone caroliniana)

Conservation Status
Carolina anemone
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Carolina anemone is an erect perennial rising from a globular, ascending or vertical tuber and one to several ascending or horizontal underground stems (rhizomes). The rhizomes grow quickly and the plant is often found carpeting large areas.

One to three basal leaves rise from the ground on stalks 1 to 4 long. They are divided into three leaflets, each of which is again divided into three lobes. The leaflets are hairless and toothed. In early spring the leaves are often reddish purple, but they eventually turn green.

A solitary flower rises at the top of an reddish purple, unbranched stem that is hairless at the base but has long, soft, shaggy, but unmatted hairs near the top.

On the lower part of the stem is a whorl of 3 leaves. The stem leaves are similar to the basal leaves only smaller, ½ to 1 long. They are attached to the stem without a stalk and are fused at the base. They are divided into three leaflets, each of which is again divided into three lobes with pointed tips. The leaflets are toothed above the middle and have sparse long, soft, straight hairs.

The flower is 1 to 1½ wide, daisy-like, unscented, with 10 to 20 white to rose or purple, petal-like sepals. At the center are a number of yellow pistils and stamens. The bud is light pink or light purple. The flowers open in the morning and close by mid-afternoon.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

4 to 6

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

White to rose or blue to purple

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Dry. Prairies, barrens, pastures, meadows, open woods. Full or partial sun.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

April to May

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

 
  12/26/2011      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Ranunculanae  
 

Order

Ranunculales (buttercups, poppies, and allies)  
 

Family

Ranunculaceae (buttercups)  
  Subfamily Ranunculoideae (anemones, buttercups, larkspurs and allies)  
  Tribe Anemoneae (anemones and allies)  
 

Genus

Anemone (anemone)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
       
       
 

Synonyms

 
     
       
 

Common Names

 
 

Carolina anemone

Carolina anemone

prairie anemone

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

 

Sepal

An outer floral leaf, usually green but sometimes colored, at the base of a flower.

 

Tuber

An underground root (as with dahlias) or stem (as with potatoes), thickened by the accumulation of reserved food (usually starch), which serves for food storage and vegetative propagation.

       
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Plant

  Carolina anemone   Carolina anemone
       

Sepals

  Carolina anemone    
       

Flower

  Carolina anemone   Carolina anemone
       

Leaves

  Carolina anemone   Carolina anemone
       
       

 

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