Eurasian Collared-Dove

(Streptopelia decaocto)

Conservation Status
Eurasian Collared-Dove
Photo by Richard Thrasher
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

     
  NatureServe

NNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable

     
  Minnesota

Invasive

     
           
           
 
Description
 
 

The upper parts are very pale brownish-gray. There is a black collar on the back of the neck. The tail is square.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

11¾ to 12½ in length

22 wingspan

 
     
 

Voice

 
 

 

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  Mourning Dove (Zenaida macroura) is slightly smaller. The upper plumage is darker. The underparts are washed with pink. The wings have dark spots. There is no black collar on the back of the neck. The tail is long-tapered.  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Open deciduous woodland, shrubland, desert, old fields, and around human habitation

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Migration

 
 

 

 
     
 

Nesting

 
 

 

 
     
 

Food

 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Nativity

 
 

Europe, western Asia, the Middle East, Korea, and the Indian subcontinent

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Uncommon in Minnesota

 
         
 

Maps

 
 

The Minnesota Ornithologists’ Union All Seasons Species Occurrence Map

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Class Aves (birds)  
 

Order

Columbiformes (pigeons and doves)  
 

Family

Columbidae (pigeons and doves)  
 

Subfamily

Columbinae  
 

Genus

Streptopelia (turtle-Doves and collared-Doves)  
       
 

The current subdivision by many of the family Columbidae into five subfamilies has been shown by DNA analysis to be incorrect. For this reason, most sources do not include the subfamily when listing the taxonomic tree for doves.

 
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Burmese Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto xanthocycla)

Eurasian Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto decaocto)

 
       
 

Some sources (Handbook of the Birds of the World) treat Burmese Collared-Dove (Streptopelia decaocto xanthocycla) as a separate species, Streptopelia xanthocycla.

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
Visitor Photos
   

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ABaker
       

Saw these for the first time in December of 2017. Didn’t know what they were. So fun to have new neighbors. These are several pair in the area.

  Eurasian Collared-Dove    
       
Dan W. Andree
       

Kind of cute. Even though non-native...

  Eurasian Collared-Dove    
       
Richard Thrasher
       

A pair of Eurasian Collared Dove's are nesting nearby and visiting the area under our bird feeders

  Eurasian Collared-Dove   Eurasian Collared-Dove
       
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
       
       
       

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
 
     
     
     

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
   

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Other Videos
 
  Eurasian Collared-Dove
pwalpar
 
   
 
About

Published on May 8, 2014

Video of two types of Doves together at my bird Bath. The Eurasian Collared Dove and the Mourning Dove. Check out these links to learn the differences. Eurasian...https://www.youtube.com/redirect?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.allaboutbirds.org%2Fguide%2Feurasian_collared-dove%2Fid&redir_token=Z-I5BNXkqh5WF3LjD2vNeehAwUt8MTQ5ODU4MDUzMUAxNDk4NDk0MTMx and the Mourning Dove...https://www.youtube.com/redirect?q=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.allaboutbirds.org%2Fguide%2FMourning_Dove%2Fid&redir_token=Z-I5BNXkqh5WF3LjD2vNeehAwUt8MTQ5ODU4MDUzMUAxNDk4NDk0MTMx

   
       
  Eurasian Dove, an invasive species.
SouthWestIron
 
   
 
About

Published on Aug 18, 2012

Eurasian collared dove are excellent eating just like morning and white wings. Being an invasive species they can be legally harvested year round. Here we demonstrate how to clean a dove.

   
       
  Eurasian Collared-Dove calling
naturalist97333
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 24, 2009

The dove calls for a while until a cranky Western Wood-Pewee chases the dove from his perch.

   
       
  Eurasian Collared Dove Documentary
pwalpar
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 11, 2009

This is a Documentary about the Eurasian Collared Dove, which is recient years has been spreading all over the United States. These birds are not native to the America's. Introduced into the Bahamas in 1975. They are spreading across the country.

   
       
  Eurasian collared dove or Collared dove or (Streptopelia decaocto)
Shirishkumar Patil
 
   
 
About

Published on Jan 4, 2015

The Eurasian collared dove (Streptopelia decaocto), most often simply called the collared dove, also sometimes hyphenated as Eurasian collared-dove, is a species of dove native to Asia and Europe, and also recently introduced in North America.It is a medium sized dove, distinctly smaller than the wood pigeon, similar in length to a rock pigeon but slimmer and longer-tailed, and slightly larger than the related turtle dove, with an average length of 32 cm (13 in)[7] from tip of beak to tip of tail, with a wingspan of 47–55 cm (19–22 in), and a weight of 125–240 g (4.4–8.5 oz). It is grey-buff to pinkish-grey overall, a little darker above than below, with a blue-grey under wing patch. The tail feathers are grey-buff above, and dark grey tipped white below; the outer tail feathers also tipped whitish above. It has a black half-collar edged with white on its nape from which it gets its name. The short legs are red and the bill is black. The iris is red, but from a distance the eyes appear to be black, as the pupil is relatively large and only a narrow rim of reddish-brown iris can be seen around the black pupil. The eye is surrounded by a small area of bare skin, which is either white or yellow. The two sexes are virtually indistinguishable; juveniles differ in having a poorly developed collar, and a brown iris.Collared doves typically breed close to human habitation wherever food resources are abundant and there are trees for nesting; almost all nests are within 1 km (0.62 mi) of inhabited buildings. The female lays two white eggs in a stick nest, which she incubates during the night and which the male incubates during the day. Incubation lasts between 14 and 18 days, with the young fledging after 15 to 19 days. Breeding occurs throughout the year when abundant food is available, though only rarely in winter in areas with cold winters such as northeastern Europe. Three to four broods per year is common, although up to six broods in a year has been recorded.The male's mating display is a ritual flight, which, as many other pigeons, consists of a rapid, near-vertical climb to height followed by a long glide downward in a circle, with the wings held below the body in an inverted "V" shape. At all other times, flight is typically direct using fast and clipped wing beats and without use of gliding.

The collared dove is not wary and often feeds very close to human habitation, including visiting bird tables; the largest populations are typically found around farms where spilt grain is frequent around grain stores or where livestock are fed. It is a gregarious species and sizeable winter flocks will form where there are food supplies such as grain (its main food) as well as seeds, shoots and insects. Flocks most commonly number between ten and fifty, but flocks of up to ten thousand have been recorded.The song is a coo-COO-coo, repeated many times. It is phonetically similar to the Greek decaocto ("eighteen"), to which the bird owes its zoological name. It also makes a harsh loud screeching call lasting about two seconds, particularly in flight just before landing. A rough way to describe the screeching sound is a hah-hah. Collared doves cooing in early spring are sometimes mistakenly reported as the calls of early-arriving cuckoos and, as such, a mistaken sign of spring's return.They are almost always seen in pairs and, like many birds, remain loyal to their mates.

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   
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ABaker
8/25/2020

Location: Kimball, MN Stearns County

Saw these for the first time in December of 2017. Didn’t know what they were. So fun to have new neighbors. These are several pair in the area.

Eurasian Collared-Dove


Nate Hartwell
9/9/2017

Location: Naussa, MN

Sighted many in western Minnesota and listened to their unique hoo-hoo, hoo coo in Naussa, MN where there were at least a dozen in town. Whatch for their square ended tail to differentiate from Mourning doves (pointed tail). The ring neck is only visible up close or with magnification.


Richard
Thrasher

6/19/2017

Location: Green Isle, MN (Sibley County)

A pair of Eurasian Collared Dove's are nesting nearby and visiting the area under our bird feeders

Eurasian Collared-Dove


     
     
 
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Created: 6/26/2017

Last Updated:

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