House Finch

(Haemorhous mexicanus)

Conservation Status
House Finch
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNA - Not applicable

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
 
Description
 
 

The male has a bright red “eyebrow” line and a brown cap. The back is streaked brown. The flanks, belly, and undertail coverts are heavily streaked.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

5 to 6 in length

9½ wingspan

 
     
 

Voice

 
   
     
 

Similar Species

 
  Purple Finch (Carpodacus purpureus) male has a burgundy-red cap. The back is streaked brown and red. The flanks, belly, and undertail coverts are whitish and unstreaked.  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Urban and suburban areas, rural areas with buildings and lawns.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Migration

 
 

 

 
     
 

Nesting

 
 

 

 
     
 

Food

 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Nativity

 
 

Mexico and the southwestern United States

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Widespread and common year-round resident except in the northeast, where it is uncommon to rare year-round resident

House Finch is native to Mexico and the southwestern United States. In the early twentieth century it was captured and sold illegally in eastern pet stores as the “Hollywood Finch", named for its striking good looks. In the 1940’s New York began to enforce existing songbird regulations, and pet store owners released their House Finches to avoid prosecution. The birds adapted well to their new environment and spread rapidly, displacing the native Purple Finch. By 1968 they were common in the east from Cape Cod to the Virginia Tidewater Region. Today their range covers every state in the lower 48 and the southern tier of every Canadian border province. In Minnesota they are common in all but a handful of northern counties, where they are present but in small numbers.

 
         
 

Maps

 
 

The Minnesota Ornithologists’ Union All Seasons Species Occurrence Map

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Class Aves (birds)  
 

Order

Passeriformes (perching birds)  
 

Family

Fringillidae (true finches)  
  Subfamily Carduelinae  
 

Genus

Haemorhous (American rosefinches)  
       
 

This bird was formerly placed with the Old World finches in the genus Carpodacus.

 
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Central Mexican House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus mexicanus)

Guadalupe House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus amplus)

Guanajuato House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus centralis)

Guerrero House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus griscomi)

Northern House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus frontalis)

Oaxaca House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus roseipectus)

San Clemente House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus clementis)

San Lucas House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus ruberrimus)

San Luis House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus potosinus)

Sinaloa House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus rhodopnus)

Southwest Mexican House Finch (Haemorhous mexicanus coccineus)

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Carpodacus mexicanus

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
Visitor Photos
   

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   
  House Finch   House Finch
       
       

 

Camera

 

     
Slideshows
   
  House Finch
Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren
 
  House Finch  
     
  House Finch
JMC Nature Photos
 
  House Finch  
     
  House Finch
jt893x
 
  House Finch  

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
   

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Other Videos
 
  Male house finch sings to nesting female
Valerie Miller
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 10, 2012

A female house finch has built a nest in our window awning. I decided to put a webcam in the window and record some of their activities. I enjoyed watching the male sing to his mate, unfortunately my dog started barking and scared him away.....

   
       
  House Finch - HD Mini-Documentary
James Knott
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Feb 18, 2009

Mini-documentary about the House Finch of North America.

   
       
  House Finch (Fringillidae: Haemorhous mexicanus)
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Jul 6, 2009

Photographed at East Grand Forks, Minnesota (06 July 2009).

   
       
  House Finch Family Dinner
jimbolavirus
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Jul 20, 2009

Kitchener Southern Ontario Canada

July 19 2009 Video of Nesting House Finch.

Eggs hatched on July 18 2009

Finches took over abandoned Robin's nest on top of side door light.

   
       
  House finch (male) with spring song
Nat Bel
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Feb 14, 2011

House finch (male) is singing on the feeder. Mating season is about to start. Finally, female house finch is answering him, you can hear it.

https://sites.google.com/site/backyardbirdbathwildnature/backyard-birds---photos

San Francisco Bay Area.

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   

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Kaye Benson
3/16/2018

Location: feeder in Chanhassen

 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
         

 

 

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