white-tailed jackrabbit

(Lepus townsendii)

Conservation Status

 

No Image Available

  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
 
Description
 
 

White-tailed jackrabbit is the largest member of the rabbit or hare family (Leporidae) in Minnesota.

In summer, the fur is brownish-gray above and white or pale gray below. In winter the fur is white or pale gray except for a black patch at the tip of each ear.

The tail is usually white above and below, sometimes mostly white above and white below.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Total length: 22 to 25

Head and body: 18 to 22

Tail: 2½ to 4

 
     
 

Sign

 
 

 

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Eastern cottontail (Sylvilagus floridanus) is much smaller, no more than 19 in total length including the tail. It does not turn white in winter.

Snowshoe hare (Lepus americanus) is smaller, no more than 20 in total length including the tail. The tail is dark above and white below. It inhabits woods, thickets, and coniferous swamps and bogs.

 
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Open grassy areas

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Behavior

 
 

They are active at night (nocturnal) and in twilight (crepescular).

 
     
 

Lifespan

 
 

5 to 8 years

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

 

 
     
 

Food

 
 

A large variety of grasses, forbs, and shrubs in summer. Bark and twigs if woody plants and coniferous foliage in winter.

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

7, 15, 29, 72, 76.

 
  4/8/2016      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Class Mammalia (mammals)  
  Subclass Theria  
  Infraclass Eutheria (placentals)  
  Magnorder Boreoeutheria  
  Superorder Euarchontoglires  
  Clade Glires (rodents and rabbits)  
  Order Lagomorpha (hares, pikas, and rabbits)  
 

Family

Leporidae (rabbits and hares)  
 

Genus

Lepus (hares and jackrabbits)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

white-tailed jackrabbit (Lepus townsendii campanius)

white-tailed jackrabbit (Lepus townsendii townsendii)

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

white-tailed jack rabbit

white-tailed jackrabbit

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

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Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  White-Tailed Jackrabbit
ajweiss23
 
   
 
About

Published on May 24, 2015

My friend and I did this for our biology project

 
     

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
       

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Other Videos
 
  Whitetail Jackrabbit (Leporidae: Lepus townsendii) Close-up
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Sep 5, 2009

Photographed at Grand Forks, North Dakota (05 September 2009).

   
       
  Prairie Life: Hide-and-Seek
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 17, 2015

A brief peek at a winter-pelage White-tailed Jackrabbit (Lepus townsendii). Photographed at East Grand Forks, Minnesota (17 February 2015).

   
       
  Whitetail Jackrabbit (Leporidae: Lepus townsendi) Defensive Posture
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Sep 5, 2009

Photographed at Grand Forks, North Dakota (05 September 2009).

   
       
  Trapping white tailed jackrabbits 2
MN Harvester
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 14, 2014

Another one in a snare

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
         

 

 

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