European larch

(Larix decidua)

Conservation Status
European larch
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

     
  NatureServe

NNA - Not applicable

SNA - Not applicable

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
 
Description
 
 

European larch is a medium-sized to large tree, 98 tall or taller and up to 40 in diameter at breast height.

Needles are borne singly or in clusters of 30 to 40.

The twigs are pale yellow and hairless.

Mature seed cones are ¾ to 1¾ long and are covered with 40 to 60 scales.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

82 to 98

 
     
 

Record

 
 

There is no state record for nonnative trees.

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Tamarack (Larix laricina) is a small tree. Needles are borne singly or in clusters of 12 to 30. The twigs are pale orangish-brown. Mature seed cones are to ¾ long and are covered with 10 to 30, but usually 12 to 15, scales. It is very common in Minnesota.

 
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Moist to moderately moist. Parks. Full sun. Shade intolerant. Well drained soil.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Pollination

 
 

March to May or June

 
     
 

Pests and Diseases

 
 

larch canker

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 24, 29, 30.

 
  3/11/2021      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native to Europe. Widely cultivated as an ornamental in southern Canada and northeastern United States. Occasionally escapes cultivation.

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Rare or absent in natural areas in Minnesota.

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Pinopsida (conifers)  
  Subclass Pinidae  
 

Order

Pinales (pines)  
 

Family

Pinaceae (pines)  
  Subfamily Laricoideae  
 

Genus

Larix (larch)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

European larch (Larix decidua var. carpatica)

European larch (Larix decidua var. decidua)

Polish larch (Larix decidua var. polonica)

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Pinus larix

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

European larch

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

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Randy

 
  Forming cones on a European Larch, June 2021, Owatonna, Minnesota, hanging in characteristic pendulous form.  
    European larch      
           
 

Forming cone and prior year's mature cone on a European Larch, June 2021, Owatonna, Minnesota

 
    European larch      
           
 

Stand of old European Larch on grounds of the Orphanage Museum on State Avenue in Owatonna, MN

 
    European larch      
           
 

Close up of forming cone on a Europena Larch, roughly twice the size of an American Larch cone.

 
    European larch      
           
 

European Larch, Austin, MN, November 2016, fall color not as brilliant as Tamarack

 
    European larch   European larch  
           
 

European larch in Owatonna, MN , July 2016

 
    European larch   European larch  
           
    European larch      
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

 

 
  Trees European larch      
           
 

Branch

 
    European larch   European larch  
           
 

Needles

 
    European larch   European larch  
           
    European larch      
           
 

Seed Cone

 
    European larch      
           

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  European Larch
Wez Smith
 
  European Larch  
 
About

European Larch (Larix decidus).

 
  Larix decidua
Blake C. Willson
 
  Larix decidua  
 
About

European Larch

 
  Larix decidua
Duncan Slater
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 27, 2016

This short video has been created to help you identify this tree species that is naturalised in the UK and Ireland

 
     

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
       

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Other Videos
 
  Larix decidua European Larch
Trees Planet
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 15, 2016

Larix decidua commonly known as European Larch is native to Europe. It is best known deciduous conifer in Europe.
http://treesplanet.blogspot.com/2016/03/larix-decidua-european-larch.html

   
  Euorpean Larch -Larix decidua â 'Puliâ' ™ American Conifer Society
American Conifer Society
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 29, 2013

A selection from the 2010 ACS Collector's Conifer of the Year, Larix decidua â 'Puliâ' ™, a form of the European Larch, gives a a curtain of light green to the landscape. A deciduous conifer, it turns a vivid golden yellow before shedding its needles in the fall. Learn more about this wonderful conifer for your garden.

   
  Larix decidua
VT Dendrology
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 18, 2016

European larch

   
       

 

Camcorder

 
 
Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

Report a sighting of this plant.

 
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  Randy
June 2021

Location: Owatonna, MN

Stand of old European Larch on grounds of the Orphanage Museum on State Avenue in Owatonna, MN

European larch

 
  Randy
November, 2016

Location: Austin, MN

fall color not as brilliant as Tamarack

European larch

 
  Randy
July, 2016

Location: Owatonna, MN

European larch

 
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

 

 

 

 

Binoculars


Created: 10/31/2016

Last Updated:

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