bald cypress

(Taxodium distichum var. distichum)

Conservation Status
bald cypress
Photo by Randy
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

OBL - Obligate wetland

     
  Midwest

OBL - Obligate wetland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

OBL - Obligate wetland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

 

 
     
 

Height

 
 

Up to 130

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Wet to moist. Brownwater rivers, lake margins, swamps, sloughs. Full sun.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Pollination

 
 

March and April

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 22, 24, 28, 29, 30, 72.

 
  6/8/2017      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native to southeastern United States north to Illinois and Missouri.

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Abundant and widespread in southeastern United States. Absent from Minnesota.

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Pinopsida (conifers)  
  Subclass Pinidae  
 

Order

Pinales (pines)  
 

Family

Cupressaceae (cypress, redwood)  
 

Subfamily

Taxodioideae  
 

Genus

Taxodium (baldcypress)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

 

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Cupressus disticha

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

bald cypress

bald-cypress

baldcypress

swamp-cypress

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
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Randy
       

Bald cypress cones, Freeborn County, MN, July 2017

  bald cypress    
       

Gray tree frog perched in a bald cypress at marsh's edge, Freeborn County, Minn., June 2017

  bald cypress   bald cypress
       
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slideshow

       
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Other Videos
 
  Trees with Don Leopold - baldcypress
ESFTV
 
   
 
About

Published on Oct 21, 2011

   
       
  Bald Cyprus Tree- Taxodium distichum - How to grow Bald Cypress
GardenClips
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 27, 2012

Baldcypress are an American native, whose native range extends from Delaware south to Florida, west to Illinois, Missouri and south from there to Louisiana and Texas.They have been planted far outside of this range though, and have been found to be hardy to 30 below zero Fahrenheit. Specimens can be found in Canada and Minnesota.

Their natural habitat is poorly drained (think swampland) rich alluvial soils, but they are very adaptable, growing in sand or clay, and in dry soils as well. The Cypress swamps of the Carolina's and Louisiana are the quintessential habitat, with Spanish moss and alligators. The one soil attribute that will not be to their liking would be a high pH, as leaf chlorosis (yellowing of the foliage) occurs.

Baldcypress are generally narrowly pyramidal in youth, growing at a fairly fast rate (2 feet per year when they are correctly sited which is fast for a tree) in their early years, slowing as they reach middle age, and finally becoming irregularly flat-topped as an older plant. The eventual height in the wild can reach above seventy feet, but under cultivation they generally top out at sixty or so feet, with a spread of only a quarter of that.

One of about six species of deciduous conifers, Baldcypress trees lose their leaves in the fall, just like a Maple or an Oak. The leaves turn a bronze or pumpkin orange in November, lasting for about a week or ten days. Subtle as compared to the Maples and other trees and shrubs highlighted in this column, yet beautiful in its own right.

Baldcypress are available in the nursery trade, either in pots or balled-andburlapped. They are supposed to be hard to transplant because of a taproot, but if properly root-pruned in the nursery, this problem seems to be negligible. Again planting in the right spot (wet soil, full sun is best) is important, and then you have a carefree, pest-free deciduous conifer to add to your collection. By the way, the others are the American Larch, the European Larch, the Dawn-Redwood and another species of Taxodium.

   
       
  Taxodium distichum
VT Dendrology
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 20, 2016

baldcypress

   
       
  Species of Spring Lake: Bald Cypress Tree
The Meadows Center for Water and the Environment
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 8, 2016

Naturalist Josh Arrants of Arrants Outdoors gives an in-depth lesson on Bald Cypress Trees here at the Meadows Center.

We hope that you learn something new with this series and we'll continue to publish more "Species of Spring Lake" videos as Spring continues!

   
       

 

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Visitor Sightings
   

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Randy
July, 2017

Location: Freeborn County, MN

Bald cypress cones

bald cypress


Randy
June, 2017

Location: Freeborn County, MN

Gray tree frog perched in a bald cypress at marsh's edge, Freeborn County, Minn., June 2017

bald cypress


     
     
 
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Created: 6/8/2017

Last Updated:

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