moose

(Alces americanus)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

 

No Image Available

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

Special Concern

Occurrence

Locally common

Habitat

Second-growth, mixed forest with bodies of water; forest openings; lakes; swamps and other wetlands; burned over or cut areas with successional growth. Boggy, low areas in northwestern Minnesota. Hilly, forested areas in northeastern Minnesota.

Lifespan

Mostly 8 to 12 years, but up to 22 years

Size

Total length: 94 to 110

Tail: 3 to 4

Male: 992 to 1,102 lb

Female: 750 to 926 lb


Identification

 

 
Sign  
 
Similar
Species

 


Food

In the summer, new growth leaves, twigs, and bark of trees and shrubs; and aquatic plants, especially those high in sodium. In the winter, twigs of trees and shrubs.

 
Life Cycle

 

 
Behavior

 


Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 15, 29, 30, 76.

Moose occasionally stray south out of their usual range but do not set up resident populations there. Hazard15 shows town records in Polk, Beltrami, Hubbard, Pine, Hennepin, Dakota, and Le Sueur Counties. Those records are not included in the map at left.


Comments

Taxonomy
There is some disagreement about the taxonomic classification of North American moose. Until recently, only one species, Alces alces, was recognized. Studies in 1998 and 1999 separated two species, Eurasian elk (Alces alces) and moose (Alces americanus), based on chromosomal differences (karyotype) and morphology. Older print sources and many online sources continue to recognize just one species, Alces alces. In either classification, there are four subspecies in North America and one in Minnesota.

Population
Most moose in the Minnesota are in the northeastern counties. There are far fewer moose in the northwest. An areal survey of moose is conducted each year in northeastern Minnesota by the Minnesota DNR. Based on the 2016 survey, there are an estimated 4,020 moose in the state. That is a decline of almost 55% in ten years.


Taxonomy

Order:

Artiodactyla (even-toed ungulates)

 

Suborder:

Cetruminantia (ruminants, whales, and hippos)

 

No Rank:

Ruminantiamorpha

 

Infraorder:

Pecora

 

Family:

Cervidae (deer)

 

Subfamily:

Capreolinae (Odocoileinae)

 

Tribe:

Capreolini

 
Subordinate Taxa

Alaska moose (Alces americanus gigas)

eastern moose (Alces americanus americanus)

northwestern moose (Alces americanus andersoni)

Shiras moose (Alces americanus shirasi)

 
Synonyms

Alces alces

Cervus americanus

 
Common
Names

eastern moose

moose

Siberian elk


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   
       
       

 

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Slideshows

   
  Moose
Andree Reno Sanborn
 
  Moose  
 
About

Alces alces

 
     
  Alces alces (Moose)
Allen Chartier
 
  Alces alces (Moose)  
     
  Moose
Dave
 
  Moose  
     
  Alces americana
Leon Kay
 
  Alces americana  

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
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Other Videos

 
  Moose (Cervidae: Alces americanus) Antlered Male
Carl Barrentine
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Oct 9, 2010

Photographed at the Glacial Ridge NWR, Minnesota (09 October 2010). Go here to learn more about moose in Minnesota: http://www.nrri.umn.edu/moose/

 
     
  October Minnesota Moose - 2015
ThomasJSpence images
 
   
 
About

Published on Oct 25, 2015

October moose in Superior National Forest, NE Minnesota.

 
     
  Moose Mortality Study 2014 - Michelle Carstensen
Minnesota DNR
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 20, 2014

Minnesota DNR Wildlife Health Program Supervisor Michelle Carstensen talks about the 2014 Moose Mortality Project.

 
     
  Minnesota DNR Moose Research Project - 2013
Minnesota DNR
 
   
 
About

Published on Jan 29, 2013

A study to determine why Minnesota's moose population is in decline, has started. See video from the field as the first moose are captured. For more information on Minnesota's moose, go to http://www.mndnr.gov/moose.

 
     
  Shooting with Sparky—Moose Calling Successful! Minnesota
Sparky Stensaas
 
   
 
About

Published on Aug 24, 2013

September 26, 2012

See what happens when I imitated the call of a cow Moose!

Superior National Forest
Lake County Minnesota

Contact Sparky:
thesparkygroup@gmail.com or call him: 218.341.3350

Sparky's websites:
Blog is www.ThePhotoNaturalist.com

Galleries at www.SparkyPhotos.com His non-profit organization:
www.SaxZim.org

 
     

 

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