mountain lion

(Puma concolor)

Conservation Status
mountain lion
Photo by Ramona Abrego
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

 
  NatureServe

N3 - Vulnerable

S3 - Vulnerable

 
  Minnesota

Special Concern

 
           
           
           
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Mountain lions are uniformly buff above, lighter below. There is usually a dark stripe down the middle of the back. The neck, chest, and belly are lighter. The fur is short and dense. The back of the ears, the sides of the nose, and the tip of the tail are dark brown.

Juveniles (cubs) are spotted.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Total length: 34 to 61

Tail: 21 to 32

 
     
 

Sign

 
 

 

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Mostly remote, heavily forested areas, but also agricultural areas.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Behavior

 
 

 

 
     
 

Lifespan

 
 

18 to 20 years

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

 

 
     
 

Food

 
 

Mostly deer

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

6, 15, 29, 30, 76.

According to the Minnesota DNR, “there is no evidence of a viable breeding population in Minnesota.” The map at left includes sightings verified by the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources..

 
  5/17/2022      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Occasional visitor

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Class Mammalia (mammals)  
  Subclass Theria  
  Infraclass Eutheria (placentals)  
  Magnorder Boreoeutheria  
  Superorder Laurasiatheria  
  Order Carnivora (carnivores)  
  Suborder Feliformia (cat-like carnivores)  
 

Family

Felidae (cat)  
 

Subfamily

Felinae (small cats)  
 

Genus

Puma  
       
 

This species was formerly named Felis concolor, placed in the genus with the domestic cat In 1993 its name was changed to Puma concolor, placing it in the genus with jaguarundi, a mammal only slightly larger than the domestic cat. The move was controversial because the species is more closely to the domestic cat than to the jaguar.

 
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Until recently, 32 subspecies were recognized. In 2000, mitochondrial DNA analysis showed that most of those are too similar to deserve subspecies recognition. There are currently only six subspecies recognized, only one, eastern cougar (Puma concolor couguar), occurs in North America north of Latin America.

The U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service (USFWS) concluded in 2011 that the eastern cougar (Puma concolor couguar) has been extinct since the 1930s. Subsequent sightings in the eastern United States, according to USFWS, represent individuals that escaped or were released from captivity, individuals of a western subspecies that have wandered east, misidentification of smaller cat species, and deception or self-deception (ala “bigfoot” sightings).

 
       
 

Argentine cougar (Puma concolor cabrerae)

Costa Rican cougar (Puma concolor costaricensis)

Eastern South American cougar (Puma concolor anthonyi)

North American cougar (Puma concolor couguar)

Northern South American cougar (Puma concolor concolor)

Southern South American cougar (Puma concolor puma)

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Felis concolor

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

cougar

mountain lion

panther

puma

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

Share your photo of this mammal.

 
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Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.
 
 

LJHarren

 
 

juveniles? not certain as these appear the size of Bobcats but tails are too long and ears are not tufted.

 
    mountain lion   mountain lion  
 

Ramona Abrego

 
 

Captive – Wildlife Science Center

 
    mountain lion   mountain lion  
           
    mountain lion      
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

 

 
           

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
  Cougar
DianesDigitals
 
  Cougar  
 
About

Copyright DianesDigitals

 
  Cougar
Valerie
 
  Cougar  
  Pumas (Cougars, Mountain Lions)
Steve Tracy Photography
 
  Pumas (Cougars, Mountain Lions)  
  Mountain Lion Biology
MtnLionFdn
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on May 12, 2011

The Mountain Lion Foundation presents information about the biology and behavior of America's Lion, the mountain lion which is also known as cougar, panther, puma, painter, tyger, ghost walker, klandagi, cuguacuarana, leopardo, catamount, koe-ishto, ko-icto, el leon, mountain cat, mountain screamer, felis concolor, and puma concolor.

 

 

slideshow

       
 
Visitor Videos
 
       
 

Share your video of this mammal.

 
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Other Videos
 
  Puma Concolor Couguar
AC Vector Control Services
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Aug 11, 2011

Mountain Lion (Puma concolor couguar) being trapped.

   
  Cougars: From the Mountains to Hollywood | Nat Geo Live
National Geographic
 
   
 
About

Published on Jan 27, 2014

Wildlife photographer Steve Winter combines patience and groundbreaking technology to photograph North America's elusive and nocturnal big cat.

➡ Subscribe: http://bit.ly/NatGeoSubscribe

About National Geographic:
National Geographic is the world's premium destination for science, exploration, and adventure. Through their world-class scientists, photographers, journalists, and filmmakers, Nat Geo gets you closer to the stories that matter and past the edge of what's possible.

Get More National Geographic:
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The National Geographic Live! series brings thought-provoking presentations by today's leading explorers, scientists, photographers, and performing artists right to your YouTube feed. Each presentation is filmed in front of a live audience at National Geographic headquarters in Washington, D.C. New clips air every Monday.

Cougars: From the Mountains to Hollywood | Nat Geo Live
https://youtu.be/T-KxkcaLEVM

National Geographic
https://www.youtube.com/natgeo

   
  Eastern Cougar Declared Extinct
The Global Report TV
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Mar 11, 2011

The eastern cougar has been declared extinct, according to a report issued this past week by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.

   
  Mountain Lion Stand Off With Hiker
Trevor Rasmussen
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 16, 2015

Here is my standoff with a mountain lion that happened last summer in Glacier National Park. I did see the abscess when filming it and the first thing I did when I got out of the woods was report it to some rangers. I showed them the video, the abscess and told them the location where it happened. Fortunately it was in a place that was easy enough to remember and the park rangers were on top of it. :)

I was carrying bear spray.

https://www.facebook.com/FronkeyAdventures/

To use this video in a commercial player or in broadcasts, please email licensing@storyful.com Please like, comment and share. Thanks a lot!

   

 

Camcorder

 
 
Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

Report a sighting of this mammal.

 
  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.
 
  LJHarren
5/17/2022

Location: Rogers, MN

juveniles? not certain as these appear the size of Bobcats but tails are too long and ears are not tufted.

mountain lion

 
  Ramona Abrego

Location: Wildlife Science Center

Captive

mountain lion

 
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

 

 

 

 

Binoculars


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