May-apple

(Podophyllum peltatum)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not yet assessed

May-apple

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Wetland
Indicator
Status

Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

Nativity

Native

 
Occurrence

 

 
Habitat

Moist. Mixed deciduous forest, road banks, river banks. Partial sun.

 
Flowering

May to June

     
Flower Color

White or pale green

     
Height

12 to 24

     

Identification

This is a 12 to 24 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises on a single stem from a short or elongated rhizome. The rhizome elongates in distinct, 2 to 8 long annual increments. It produces 1 leaf or flowering stalk per year. The plant is often found in large colonies. This is a spring ephemeral, with all above-ground parts disappearing by mid-summer.

The stems, when present, are erect, hairless or sparsely hairy, 12 to 23½ tall, and unbranched.

Leaves of non-flowering plants are solitary, basal, rising from the ground on a stout, erect, stem-like leaf stalk that attaches to the lower surface of the leaf at the center of the blade. The blade is 7 to 15 in diameter and more or less round.

Flowering plants have 2 alternate, nearly opposite leaves on 2 to 6 long leaf stalks rising from the top of the stem. The leaf stalks attach to the lower surface of the leaves near the margins. The blades are 2 to 14 long, 4 to 15¾ wide, slightly unequal in size, and half round to kidney-shaped.

Both types of leaves are deeply divided into 5 to 7, sometimes 9, lobes. The lobes are frequently divided near the tip into 2 secondary lobes, though they may have no secondary lobes. The margins may be coarsely toothed or untoothed. The upper surface is hairless. The lower surface is hairless or sparsely hairy.

The inflorescence is a solitary flower at the end of the stem of flowering plants. It droops downward on a short, nodding, flower stalk that rises from the top of the stem at the angle between the two leaves.

The flowers are to 2 in diameter. There are 6 white or pale green sepals that drop off early, and 6 to 9 white, rarely pink (fo. deamii), inversely egg-shaped petals. The number of stamens is double the number of petals. The flowers are fragrant.

The fruit is a yellow, rarely orange or maroon, egg-shaped berry with 30 to 50 seeds.

 
Similar
Species

 


Distribution Distribution Map   Sources: 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28.

Comments

 


Taxonomy

Family:

Berberidaceae (barberry)

 

Subfamily:

Berberidoideae

 

Tribe:

Berberideae

 

Subtribe:

Epimediinae

 

Genus:

Podophyllum

 

Section:

Podophyllum

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

American mandrake

Indian-apple

mandrake

May apple

May-apple

Mayapple

raccoon-berry

wild jalap

wild lemon

wild mandrake

wild-mandrake


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Rhizome

A horizontal, usually underground stem. It serves as a reproductive structure, producing roots below and shoots above at the nodes.

 

Spring ephemeral

Early blooming, short-lived wildflower that emerges in early spring and disappears by early summer. They develop above-ground parts in March or April, quickly flower and go to seed, then die back to their underground parts by May or June.

       

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MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   

Plant

  May-apple    
       

Flower

  May-apple   May-apple
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Mayapple
DianesDigitals
 
  Mayapple  
 
About

Copyright DianesDigitals

 
     
  Podophyllum peltatum
Blanca Triginer
 
   
 
About

Published on May 12, 2013

http://www.pfaf.org/user/Plant.aspx?LatinName=Podophyllum+peltatum

http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?29138

 
     

 

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Other Videos

 
  Mayapple [Podophyllum peltatum]
BlackOwlOutdoors
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 11, 2013

Krik of Black Owl Outdoors ID's the Mayapple. Known by various common names such as: hogapple, Indian apple, mayflower, umbrella plant, the Mayapple Podophyllum peltatum, is used for it's medicinal qualities. While the mayapple is not edible, doing so will result in a violent expulsion of fluids from the body, it has been proven to inhibit cell growth in the field of cancer research.

 
     
  Mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum)
wvoutdoorman
 
   
 
About

Published on May 11, 2012

Mayapple (Podophyllum peltatum)

 
     
  Mayapple with flowers in first week of May, Podophyllum peltatum, or May Apple
qhumvee
 
   
 
About

Published on May 10, 2013

Podophyllum peltatum, commonly called Mayapple, or May Apple

Very beautiful ground cover.

Poisonous though.

 
     
  Mayapple, with berries of cherry size, first week of June
qhumvee
 
   
 
About

Published on Jun 6, 2013

Poisonous plant.

 
     

 

Camcorder

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