smooth carrionflower

(Smilax herbacea)

Conservation Status
smooth carrionflower
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Midwest

FAC - Facultative

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FAC - Facultative

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Smooth carrionflower is a vine. The stem has no prickles. Almost all of the nodes have tendrils. The leaf upperside is dull, not shiny. The leaf underside is pale green and hairless. The stalk of the inflorescence is 4 to 8 times as long as the stalk of the adjacent leaf.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

Up to 10 long

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

Greenish

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Blue Ridge carrion flower (Smilax lasioneura) leaf underside has fine hairs along the veins and sometimes between the veins. The tendrils are conspicuously curled and arise from almost all nodes, including those from which peduncles rise. The peduncle is less than 4 times as long as the petioles of the adjacent leaf. It is much more common and is found throughout the state.

It has been suggested that smooth carrionflower (Smilax herbacea) does not occur in Minnesota, and that all records and herbarium specimens in the state be referred to as Blue Ridge carrion flower (Smilax lasioneura). Field observations of potential specimens should be carefully examined for fine hairs along the veins on the lower leaf surface. Smooth carrionflower should be completely hairless.

 
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Moist. Woods, savannas, thickets, prairies, fencerows. Full to partial sun.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
  May to June  
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 28, 30.

 
  8/7/2017      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Liliopsida (monocots)  
 

Order

Liliales (lilies, supplejacks, and allies)  
 

Family

Smilacaceae (catbrier)  
 

Genus

Smilax (greenbriar)  
  Section Nemexia  
       
 

There are two distinct groups within the genus Smilax. One group, section Nemexia, has herbaceous unarmed stems that die back to the ground each year. The second group, section Smilax, has woody perennial stems with thorns. Plants in the former group, including smooth carrionflower, were formerly classified in the genus Nemexia, which is now considered invalid.

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Nemexia herbacea

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

herbaceous greenbriar

Jacob’s lader

smooth carrionflower

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
Visitor Photos
   

Share your photo of this plant.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.

       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   

Vine

  smooth carrionflower    
       

Leaves

  smooth carrionflower    
       
       

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
 
     
     
     

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
       

Share your video of this plant.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more videos or YouTube links and, if you like, a caption.

       
       
Other Videos
 
       
       
       
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   

Report a sighting of this plant.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.

     
     
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
         

 

 

Binoculars


Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2021 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.