millipede

(Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus)

Conservation Status
millipede (Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus)
Photo by Alfredo Colon
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus is a large snake millipede native to western and northern Europe, Scandinavia, and the United Kingdom. Human activities have greatly contributed to the dispersal of this species. Its range continues to expand east and southeast in Europe. It was recently found for the first time in Hungary. It was introduced into North America and now occurs across northern United States and southern Canada.

Adults are ¾ to 13 16 long, and cylindrical, not flattened. The head is large and rounded, not beak-shaped. Simple eyes (ocelli) are present. The face has a short vertical groove (suture) on top that does not extend to the upper lip (labrum).

There are more than 32 body segments (rings), and each ring is covered with a hard, rigid, body wall. The rings are brownish-black with bronze-colored edges. Young specimens have a whorl of hairs (setae) at the back margin of each ring. There is no longitudinal groove on top (dorsal groove), and there are no lateral extensions (paranota) on each ring. The last body segment (telson) does not have a pointed projection.

On males, the legs on the first segment are short and hook-like.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Total Length: ¾ to 13 16

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Open areas near humans, urban areas, gardens

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Season

 
 

Year-round

 
     
 

Behavior

 
 

 

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

 

 
     
 

Food

 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

24, 29, 30.

Shelley, Rowland M. and Snyder, Bruce A., "Millipeds from the eastern Dakotas and western Minnesota, USA, with an account of Pseudopolydesmus serratus (Say, 1821) (Polydesmida: Polydesmidae); first published records from six states and the District of Columbia" (2012). Insecta Mundi. 752.

 
  1/12/2021      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Widely distributed

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
 

Subphylum

Myriapoda (myriapods)  
 

Class

Diplopoda (millipedes)  
  Subclass Helminthomorpha (worm-like millipedes)  
  Superorder Juliformia (round-backed millipedes)  
 

Order

Julida (snake millipedes)  
 

Superfamily

Juloidea  
 

Family

Julidae  
 

Genus

Cylindroiulus  
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

 

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

This species has no common name. The common name of the class Diplopoda is millipedes, and is applied here for convenience.

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Ocellus

Simple eye; an eye with a single lens. Plural: ocelli.

 

 

 

 

 

       
Visitor Photos
   

Share your photo of this myriapod.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.

       
Alfredo Colon
       
  millipede (Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus)   millipede (Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus)
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   
       
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus
Lloyd Davies
 
  Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus  
 
About

Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus

 
     
  Snake Millipede, Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus
Wildlife in a Dorset garden.
 
  Snake Millipede, Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus  
 
About

Found in moth trap and identified 31/5/13

 
     

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
       

Share your video of this myriapod.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach a video, a YouTube link, or a cloud storage link.

       
       
Other Videos
 
  Julid Millipede Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus crossing a patio
DAVID ELEMENT
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 21, 2018

OK, a confession. It was entirely unnecessary to have side-illuminated this film of a (presumed) Julid Millipede Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus (a species with almost as many letters in its scientific name as legs), but having put the torch on the ground whilst preparing to film it struck me that having the shadow as an integral part of the film would make it more interesting. With this mischief in mind I make no apology for showing the fascinating undulating leg-movements of this creature by projection! I don't know much about diplopods so I hope that the identification is correct (over to you, experts!).

   
       
  Annelies van Klinken - Brede Kronkel – Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus
Annelies van Klinken
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 23, 2018

   
       
  Millipede (Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus) Prague Zoo מרבה רגליים אירופאי
Snakes.co.il
 
   
 
About

Published on Oct 4, 2015

מרבה רגליים צולים בגן החיות בפראג, אין יותר מידע על המין הזה אם יש לכם תרשמו לי בתגובות ואני אערוך את התאור ?

Google Translation: There are no more information about this species if you have any comments on me and I will do the description?

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   

Report a sighting of this myriapod.

This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.

Alfredo Colon
7/29/2018

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

millipede (Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus)


Alfredo Colon
6/14/2018

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

millipede (Cylindroiulus caeruleocinctus)


     
     
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
         

 

 

 

Binoculars


Created: 1/31/2019

Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2021 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.