millipedes

(Class Diplopoda)

               
Overview

Diplopoda (millipedes) is the largest class of myriapods. It occurs on every continent worldwide, including Antarctica. There are about 12,000 described species of millipedes worldwide, and an estimated 80,000 undescribed species. There are 914 described species in North America north of Mexico, and at least 14 species, probably many more, in Minnesota. They are found in almost all habitats in leaf litter, under the bark of rotting logs, under rocks, and on living trees. Most feed on decaying vegetation, some occasionally feed on live plants, a few are carnivorous.

millipede (Class Diplopoda)

  Photo by Luciearl
   
Identification

Millipedes have long, cylindrical or slightly flattened bodies with 20 to 100 body segments. The first four body segments each have a single pair of legs. The last segment bears the anus and has no legs. The remaining segments are fused together in pairs, and each fused segment has two pairs of legs. The antennae are short, elbowed, and usually have seven segments. Few millipedes are predatory and none are venomous. They do not bite.

 
Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 7, 24, 29, 30, 82.

 
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Taxonomy

Subphylum:

Myriapoda (myriapods)

 

Class:

Diplopoda (millipedes)

 
Subordinate Taxa

Subclass Helminthomorpha

Subclass Penicillata

Subclass Pentazonia

 
Synonyms

Chilognatha

 
Common
Names

millipedes

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       
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Alfredo Colon
       
  millipede (Class Diplopoda)   millipede (Class Diplopoda)
       
  millipede (Class Diplopoda)    
       
Luciearl
       
  millipede (Class Diplopoda)    
       
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  Diplopoda (Millipede )
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About

Nov 8, 2015

Millipedes are arthropods in the class Diplopoda characterised by having two pairs of jointed legs on most body segments. Each double-legged segment is a result of two single segments fused together as one. Most millipedes have very elongated cylindrical or flattened bodies with more than 20 segments, while pill millipedes are shorter and can roll into a ball. Although the name "millipede" derives from the Latin for "thousand feet", no known species has 1,000; the record of 750 legs belongs to Illacme plenipes. There are approximately 12,000 named species classified into sixteen orders and around 140 families, making Diplopoda the largest class of myriapods, an arthropod group which also includes centipedes and other multi-legged creatures.

   
       
  Animal Kingdom - Arthropoda - Chilopoda & Diplopoda
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About

Jul 10, 2019

Chilopoda includes centipede and Diplopoda includes Millipedes.

   
       

 

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Luciearl
5/10/2020

Location: Cass County

millipede (Class Diplopoda)


Alfredo Colon
8/23/2019

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

millipede (Class Diplopoda)


Alfredo Colon
6/14/2018

Location: Woodbury, Minnesota

millipede (Class Diplopoda)


         
         
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Created: 9/26/2020

Last Updated:

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