Butter Waxcap

(Hygrocybe ceracea)

Conservation Status
Butter Waxcap
Photo by Luciearl
  IUCN Red List

not listed

 
  NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

 
  Minnesota

not listed

 
           
           
           
           
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Butter Waxcap is a small, brightly colored, late season, gilled mushroom. It occurs in Europe, North America, and Australia. In the United States it occurs from the East Coast to the Upper Midwest and in the Pacific Northwest. It is common in Europe, less common in North America, and uncommon in Minnesota. It is found from late summer through fall, in areas with short grass, including grasslands, pastures, parks, and lawns, and in mixed woodlands. It grows on the ground, scattered or in groups, on soil or on moss. The ecology is uncertain.

The cap can be to 1½ (1 to 4 cm) in diameter but is usually no more than 1 (25 mm) in diameter. When it first appears it is hemispherical, not cone-shaped. It is lemon yellow to orangish-yellow, darker towards the center. The margins are translucent and faintly lined (striate). The upper surface is hairless and is covered with tiny nodules that are visible only under magnification. It is somewhat shiny and appears waxy. This is the feature that gives the genus its common name. As it ages, the cap becomes broadly convex; it fades to straw yellow; and the margins slowly fade to white. Mature caps are dry and almost flat or slightly depressed. When moist they are sticky or greasy (viscid) to the touch but are never slimy. On older caps the margins often turn upward slightly, exposing the gills.

The stalk can be ¾ to 2 (2 to 5 cm) long and 116 to (2 to 4 mm) thick, but is usually no more than 1½ (4 cm) long. It is hollow and the same size at the base and the top. It is hairless and the same color as the cap, sometimes orangish at the base. It is slightly viscid when young but soon becomes dry. It is usually round in cross section, sometimes compressed. There is no ring on the stem.

The gills are soft, thick, waxy, and spaced far apart. They are pale yellow to nearly white. They are either broadly attached to the stalk or slightly run down the stalk. Between adjacent primary gills there is a smaller, shorter gill.

The flesh is yellowish, thin, fragile, and very soft. It is edible and colorful, but insubstantial and flavorless.

The sport print is white.

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
 

Golden Waxy Cap (Hygrocybe flavescens) cap is larger. The cap is lemon yellow to golden yellow or sometimes orange toward the center. The gills may be closely or widely spaced. They are narrowly attached to the stem or not attached (free). It is found in woodlands.

 
     
 
Habitat and Hosts
 
 

Grasslands, pastures, parks, lawns, and mixed woodlands

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Season

 
 

Late summer to fall

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

4, 24, 26, 29, 30, 77.

 
  11/22/2021      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Uncommon in Minnesota

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Fungi (fungi)  
  Subkingdom Dikarya  
  Division Basidiomycota (club fungi)  
  Subdivision Agaricomycotina (jelly fungi, yeasts, and mushrooms)  
  Class Agaricomycetes (mushroom-forming fungi)  
  Subclass Agaricomycetidae  
  Order Agaricales (common gilled mushrooms and allies)  
  Suborder Hygrophorineae  
  Family Hygrophoraceae  
  Subfamily Hygrocyboideae  
  Tribe Hygrocybeae  
  Genus Hygrocybe (waxcaps)  
  Subgenus Pseudohygrocybe  
  Section Coccineae  
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Agaricus ceraceus

Agaricus cereus

Agaricus hypozanthus

Gymnopus ceraceus

Hygrocybe vitellinoides

Hygrophorus ceraceus

Pseudohygrocybe ceracea

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

Butter Waxcap

Golden Yellow Waxgill

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Striate

Striped or grooved in parallel lines (striae).

 

Not Saprobic

Hygrocybe mushrooms were long thought to get their nutrients from dead or decaying organic matter (saprobic). This is now known to be untrue. However, the hosts and type of partnerships to those hosts remains unclear.

 
 
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Luciearl

 
 

Bright yellow mushrooms.

 
    Butter Waxcap   Butter Waxcap  
           
 

Appeared to have tiny mites on it.

 
    Butter Waxcap      
           
 
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Other Videos
 
  Hygrocybe ceracea, Butter Waxcaps, field wild mushroom
Adrian through nature
 
   
 
About

Jun 5, 2019

Hygrocybe ceracea, Butter Waxcaps, field wild mushroom

I go through the forests, mountains, hills, fields, and waters to understand the living world and to create a living mind.

I'm just a man who is on passing on this living earth.

A living earth that is closer to death, because of us, of the human being. I spend all my time in nature, enjoying its show. All this time I try to make a video encyclopedia with flora and fauna that I encounter on this living earth. Sometimes with human fauna ...

I meet wild mushrooms, medicinal mushrooms, edible mushrooms, dead mushrooms, toxic mushrooms, magic mushrooms. Every wild mushroom with its mystery and story. The living earth is still amazing. I meet plants, flowers, trees, shrubs, grass, leaves fallen on the living land, leaves fallen on the dead land, leaves that dance in our thoughts and soul. I meet insects, invertebrates of all kinds, butterflies, worms, larvae, birds, fish, mammals, reptiles, amphibians...

But I also encounter deforested forests, hunters, poachers, animals killed, tormented, in a suffering that words can not express. I also meet people who think it is good that they behave like this.

I stretch my hand and save an insect from the drowning. But this people trample under foot my hand. They make their choice. I make my choice.

Sometimes I manage to correctly identify the species of living beings: mushrooms, plants, animals, insects. Sometimes not. What I know is much less than what I do not know. I am just a man in front of a knowledge that surpasses me, overcomes us.

I do not know enough English yet to make my clips more attractive. But I'm learning...A wonderful life, I wish you all!

 

 

Camcorder

 
 
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  Luciearl
10/18/2021

Location: Fairview Twp, Cass County

Butter Waxcap

 
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
 

 

 

 

 

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Created: 11/22/2021

Last Updated:

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