Lipstick Powderhorn

(Cladonia macilenta)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

not listed

Lipstick Powderhorn

NatureServe

NNR - Unranked

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Widespread and very common

Habitat/Hosts

 

 

 

 

 

    Photo by Luciearl
 
Identification

Lipstick Powderhorn is a widespread and very common lichen. It has a worldwide distribution that includes every continent except Antarctica. It occurs across North America but is most common east of the Great Plains and on the West Coast. It is common in Minnesota. It grows on dead wood and often at the bases of trees. It sometimes grows on bare ground or on rock.

Lipstick Powderhorn produces two types of vegetative growth (thallus). The primary thallus is composed entirely of flat, overlapping, leaf-like scales (squamules) that adhere closely to the substrate. Each of these basal squamules is 1 32 to ¼ (1 to 6 mm) long and 1 16 to 3 16 (2 to 5 mm) wide. They are sometimes covered with tiny granules (soredia).

The secondary thallus is a slender vertical stalk (podetium) that rises from the center of a basal squamule. The podetia is grayish-green to whitish-green, hollow, more or less curved, usually unbranched, to 13 16 (10 to 30 mm) tall, and 1 32 to (1 to 4 mm) wide. The layer of protective tissue (cortex) is thick at the base, disappears in the upper portions, and is thick below the reproductive structure (apothecium). The podetia is mealy due to a covering of soredia.

The apothecia appear as a bright red, 1 64 to (.05 to 3 mm) wide tip to many but not all of the podetia.

 
Similar
Species

British Soldiers (Cladonia cristatella) is often branched at the tip.

 
Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 4, 24, 26, 29, 30, 77.

 
Comments

 

 
Taxonomy

Division:

Ascomycota (sac fungi)

 

No Rank:

saccharomyceta

 

Subdivision:

Pezizomycotina

 

No Rank:

leotiomyceta

 

Class:

Lecanoromycetes

 

Subclass:

Lecanoromycetidae

 

Order:

Lecanorales

 

Suborder:

Lecanorineae

 

Family:

Cladoniaceae

 

Mycobiont:

Cladonia macilenta

 

Photobiont:

 

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

Lipstick Powderhorn

Lipstick Powderhorn Lichen

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Apothecium

An open, disk-shaped or cup-shaped, reproductive structure, with spore sacs on the upper surface, that produces spores for the fungal partner of a lichen. Plural: apothecia.

 

Soredium

The reproductive structure of a lichen consisting of a cluster of algal cells (the photobiont) wrapped in fungal filaments (the mycobiont). Plural: soredia.

 

Thallus

The vegetative body of a lichen composed of both the alga and the fungus.

       
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Luciearl
       
  Lipstick Powderhorn    
       
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Other Videos
 
  Cladonia macilenta en el Monte San Lois (Noia). Ría de Noia.
Ría de Noia
 
   
 
About

Published on Sep 10, 2017

La cladonia macilenta es un liquen poco común en la zona de la Ría de Noia, se puede encontrar en suelos minerales pobres, turberas, madera en descomposición o en las bases de los árboles mas viejos, en lugares abiertos o en bosque cerrado.
Autor: Enrique Martínez
Web: http://www.riadenoia.es

Google Translation: The cladonia macilenta is a rare lichen in the area of the Ria de Noia, it can be found in poor mineral soils, peat bogs, decomposing wood or in the bases of older trees, in open places or in closed forest.

   
       

 

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Luciearl
8/2/2019

Location: Cass County (Paul Bunyan Trail)

Lipstick Powderhorn


     
     
 
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Created: 8/18/2019

Last Updated:

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