American marten

(Martes americana)

Conservation Status
American marten
Photo by Laurie Wachholz
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

S4S5 - Apparently Secure to Secure

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
           
 
Description
 
 

The fur (pelage) is long, thick, and yellowish-brown on the body, shading into dark brown to blackish on the legs and tail. The belly is paler. There is a buff to orangish-yellow patch on the throat and breast. The head is usually lighter in color.

Females are smaller than males.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Total length: 14 to 17

Tail: 7 to 9

 
     
 

Sign

 
 

 

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
     
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Both young and old deciduous and coniferous forests

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Behavior

 
 

 

 
     
 

Lifespan

 
 

Up to 17 years in captivity, less in the wild

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

 

 
     
 

Food

 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

15, 24, 29, 30, 76.

There is a single confirmed sighting (iNaturalist) of an American marten in Minneapolis in September 2017, though that is well outside of its previously known range.

 
  3/8/2021      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Increasingly common in northern Minnesota

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Class Mammalia (mammals)  
  Subclass Theria  
  Infraclass Eutheria (placentals)  
  Magnorder Boreoeutheria  
  Superorder Laurasiatheria  
  Order Carnivora (carnivores)  
  Suborder Caniformia (dog-like carnivores)  
 

Family

Mustelidae (weasel, mink, badger, martens and others)  
 

Subfamily

Guloninae (wolverines, martens, and tayras)  
 

Genus

Martes (martens)  
       
 

Recent DNA studies have suggested that the traditional arrangement of family Mustelidae into two subfamilies based on morphological differences is invalid. Under this arrangement, the subfamily Mustelinae is polyphyletic (derived from more than one evolutionary ancestor.) Two molecular phylogenetic analyses in Sato et al (2004) and Koepfli et al (2008) suggest separating the family into eight subfamilies. Under this scheme, martens are placed in the subfamily Martinae. This suggestion has not been widely adopted.

 
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

Alaska marten (Martes americana actuosa)

American marten (Martes americana vulpina)

British Columbia marten (Martes americana abietinoides)

Eastern American pine marten (Martes americana americana)

farthest north marten (Martes americana boria)

Hudson Bay marten (Martes americana abieticola)

Humboldt marten (Martes americana humboldtensis)

Kenai Peninsula marten (Martes americana kenaiensis)

Newfoundland pine marten (Martes americana atrata)

North Labrador marten (Martes americana brumalis)

Pacific marten (Martes americana caurina)

Queen Charlotte marten (Martes americana nesophila)

Rocky Mountain marten (Martes americana origensis)

Vancouver Island marten (Martes americana vancouverensis)

Western marten (Martes americana sierrae)

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Mustela americanus

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

American marten

pine marten

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Pelage

The coat of a mammal, consisting of fur, wool, or hair, and including a soft undercoat and stiff guard hairs.

 

       
Visitor Photos
   

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Laurie Wachholz
       
  American marten    
       
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
   
       
       
       

 

Camera

     
Slideshows
   
  Pine Marten 2
Chas Moonie
 
  Pine Marten 2  
     
  Pine Marten Family
David Geddes
 
  Pine Marten Family  
 
About

These images represent two short and steep learning curves.

The first was realising and understanding a little of the Pine Marten family that frequent our garden almost entirely at night.

The second is the adaptation and continual review of camera settings, night time lighting, and the habitat scenario.

Eventually the Martens were being photographed in some intimacy from 1.5 metres distance from inside our kitchen or sunroom.

This is a fascinating work in progress.

 
     

 

slideshow

       
Visitor Videos
       

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Other Videos
 
  The Pine Marten is Nature's Most Adorable Assassin!
Brave Wilderness
 
   
 
About

Published on Dec 23, 2014

Please SUBSCRIBE NOW! http://bit.ly/BWchannel

Coyote Peterson claims the ability to climb trees like a cat, but is he nimble enough to follow a lightning quick Pine Marten all the way to the top? Without a doubt it’s going to be a tricky climb up but really it’s the getting down that’s going to be the challenge! Check out this episode and see one of nature’s most adorable assassin’s in it’s natural environment - the Pine Marten in the high canopy’s of Montana!

Breaking Trail leaves the map behind and follows adventurer and animal enthusiast Coyote Peterson and his crew as they explore a variety of wildlife in the most amazing environments throughout North America!

Watch More Breaking Trail: https://www.animalist.com/breakingtrail

Subscribe Now! https://www.youtube.com/user/BreakingTrail

Find more info at: https://www.CoyotePeterson.com

Coyote Peterson on Twitter: https://twitter.com/COYOTEPETERSON

Coyote Peterson on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/CoyotePeterson

https://plus.google.com/+CoyotePeterson

   
       
  American marten (Martes americana)
The Nature Box
 
   
 
About

Published on Dec 8, 2013

An American marten (Martes americana) is looking at a dog from a tree, next to a hiking trail in New Hampshire.

Author: Melikamp
License: Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-SA 3.0)
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en

Link: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:American_marten_%28Martes_americana%29.ogv

Details of the licenses can be found on this channel's "About" page.

In this video, no changes or modifications have been made to the original material.

   
       
  Animal Spotlight: American Marten
Hersheypark
 
   
 
About

Published on Jan 28, 2015

For more information visit: http://www.zooamerica.com/animals/?id=57

   
       
  American Pine Marten raids bird feeder in Canmore, Alberta, Canada
e2mwpg
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 23, 2017

A bandit so cute you can forgive him/her for stealing from the local mountain chickadee and pine grosbeak population. While cuddling the American Pine Marten, always mind the large canine teeth and razor sharp claws.

   
       

 

Camcorder

         
Visitor Sightings
   

Report a sighting of this mammal.

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Be sure to include a location.

Nancy Fulliam
8/23/2019

Location: St. Paul

I sure ive been a seeing a marten in st paul east side johnson pkwy and 3rd st towards mounds park im sure of it


     
     
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
         

 

 

 

Binoculars


Created: 2/18/2018

Last Updated:

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