American marten

(Martes americana)

               
Conservation Status

IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

American marten

NatureServe

N5 - Secure

S4S5 - Apparently Secure to Secure

Minnesota

not listed

Occurrence

Increasingly common in northern Minnesota

Habitat

Both young and old deciduous and coniferous forests

Lifespan

Up to 17 years in captivity, less in the wild

Size

Total length: 14 to 17

Tail: 7 to 9

          Photo by Laurie Wachholz

Identification

The fur (pelage) is long, thick, and yellowish-brown on the body, shading into dark brown to blackish on the legs and tail. The belly is paler. There is a buff to orangish-yellow patch on the throat and breast. The head is usually lighter in color.

Females are smaller than males.

 
Sign  
 
Similar
Species

 


Food

 

 
Life Cycle

 

 
Behavior

 


Distribution Distribution Map  

Sources: 15, 24, 29, 30, 76.

There is a single confirmed sighting (iNaturalist) of an American marten in Minneapolis in September 2017, though that is well outside of its previously known range.


Comments

Taxonomy
Recent DNA studies have suggested that the traditional arrangement of family Mustelidae into two subfamilies based on morphological differences is invalid. Under this arrangement, the subfamily Mustelinae is polyphyletic (derived from more than one evolutionary ancestor.) Two molecular phylogenetic analyses in Sato et al (2004) and Koepfli et al (2008) suggest separating the family into eight subfamilies. Under this scheme, martens are placed in the subfamily Martinae. This suggestion has not been widely adopted.


Taxonomy

Order:

Carnivora (carnivores)

 

Suborder:

Caniformia (caniform carnivores)

 

Family:

Mustelidae (weasel, mink, badger, martens and others)

 

Subfamily:

Mustelinae

 

Genus:

Martes

 

Subgenus:

Pekania

 
Subordinate Taxa

Alaska marten (Martes americana actuosa)

American marten (Martes americana vulpina)

British Columbia marten (Martes americana abietinoides)

Eastern American pine marten (Martes americana americana)

farthest north marten (Martes americana boria)

Hudson Bay marten (Martes americana abieticola)

Humboldt marten (Martes americana humboldtensis)

Kenai Peninsula marten (Martes americana kenaiensis)

Newfoundland pine marten (Martes americana atrata)

North Labrador marten (Martes americana brumalis)

Pacific marten (Martes americana caurina)

Queen Charlotte marten (Martes americana nesophila)

Rocky Mountain marten (Martes americana origensis)

Vancouver Island marten (Martes americana vancouverensis)

Western marten (Martes americana sierrae)

 
Synonyms

 

 
Common
Names

American marten

pine marten (eastern subspecies)


 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Pelage

The coat of a mammal, consisting of fur, wool, or hair, and including a soft undercoat and stiff guard hairs.

 

       

Visitor Photos

   
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Laurie Wachholz


  American marten    

       
       
       

MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos

   
       
       
       

 

Camera

     

Slideshows

   
  Pine Marten
Chas Moonie
 
  Pine Marten  
     
  Pine Marten 2
Chas Moonie
 
  Pine Marten 2  
     
  Pine Marten Family
David Geddes
 
  Pine Marten Family  
 
About

These images represent two short and steep learning curves.

The first was realising and understanding a little of the Pine Marten family that frequent our garden almost entirely at night.

The second is the adaptation and continual review of camera settings, night time lighting, and the habitat scenario.

Eventually the Martens were being photographed in some intimacy from 1.5 metres distance from inside our kitchen or sunroom.

This is a fascinating work in progress.

 
     

 

slideshow

     

Visitor Videos

   
Share your video of this mammal.

     
     

Other Videos

 
  The Pine Marten is Nature's Most Adorable Assassin!
Brave Wilderness
 
   
 
About

Published on Dec 23, 2014

Please SUBSCRIBE NOW! http://bit.ly/BWchannel

Coyote Peterson claims the ability to climb trees like a cat, but is he nimble enough to follow a lightning quick Pine Marten all the way to the top? Without a doubt it’s going to be a tricky climb up but really it’s the getting down that’s going to be the challenge! Check out this episode and see one of nature’s most adorable assassin’s in it’s natural environment - the Pine Marten in the high canopy’s of Montana!

Breaking Trail leaves the map behind and follows adventurer and animal enthusiast Coyote Peterson and his crew as they explore a variety of wildlife in the most amazing environments throughout North America!

Watch More Breaking Trail: https://www.animalist.com/breakingtrail

Subscribe Now! https://www.youtube.com/user/BreakingTrail

Find more info at: https://www.CoyotePeterson.com

Coyote Peterson on Twitter: https://twitter.com/COYOTEPETERSON

Coyote Peterson on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/CoyotePeterson

https://plus.google.com/+CoyotePeterson

 
     
  American marten (Martes americana)
The Nature Box
 
   
 
About

Published on Dec 8, 2013

An American marten (Martes americana) is looking at a dog from a tree, next to a hiking trail in New Hampshire.

Author: Melikamp
License: Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported (CC BY-SA 3.0)
https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/deed.en

Link: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:American_marten_%28Martes_americana%29.ogv

Details of the licenses can be found on this channel's "About" page.

In this video, no changes or modifications have been made to the original material.

 
     
  Animal Spotlight: American Marten
Hersheypark
 
   
 
About

Published on Jan 28, 2015

For more information visit: http://www.zooamerica.com/animals/?id=57

 
     
  American Pine Marten raids bird feeder in Canmore, Alberta, Canada
e2mwpg
 
   
 
About

Published on Feb 23, 2017

A bandit so cute you can forgive him/her for stealing from the local mountain chickadee and pine grosbeak population. While cuddling the American Pine Marten, always mind the large canine teeth and razor sharp claws.

 
     

 

Camcorder

         

Visitor Sightings

   
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MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings

   

 


 

 

Binoculars

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