red fox

(Vulpes vulpes)

Conservation Status
red fox
  IUCN Red List

LC - Least Concern

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
           
 
Description
 
 

Northern plains fox (Vulpes Vulpes regalis), the Minnesota subspecies, is the largest North American subspecies of red fox. The fur (pelage) is yellowish-red. All four feet are black, appearing as black “socks”. The tail is very long and has a white tip The ears are very large and broad.

 
     
 

Size

 
 

Total length: 33 to 41

Tail: 11½ to 15

 
     
 

Sign

 
 

 

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  Gray fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) pellage is mostly grizzled gray with areas of rusty-yellow. A black stripe runs down the top of the back and tail. The tip of the tail is black. The feet do not have black “socks”.  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

A variety of habitats, usually semi-open to mature forest.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Behavior

 
 

 

 
     
 

Lifespan

 
 

Average 3 years

 
     
 

Life Cycle

 
 

 

 
     
 

Food

 
 

Mostly mice and voles, but also other small animals, including rabbits and hares, woodchucks, ground and tree squirrels, muskrats, song and game birds, snakes, turtles, and frogs. In warm months they also eat insects and fruits.

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

7, 15, 24, 29, 76.

 
  12/15/2015      
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

Common and widespread

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Class Mammalia (mammals)  
  Subclass Theria  
  Infraclass Eutheria (placentals)  
  Magnorder Boreoeutheria  
  Superorder Laurasiatheria  
  Order Carnivora (carnivores)  
  Suborder Caniformia (dog-like carnivores)  
 

Family

Canidae (coyotes, dogs, foxes, jackals, wolves)  
 

Genus

Vulpes (kit foxes, red foxes)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

There are 46 recognized subspecies of red fox (Vulpes Vulpes) worldwide. Only one, northern plains fox (Vulpes Vulpes regalis), is found in Minnesota. There is one report of American red fox (Vulpes Vulpes fulvus), the eastern subspecies, in Minnesota. However, this report is from a museum specimen in 1892 and the location where it was collected was not recorded.

 
     
 

Afghan red fox (Vulpes Vulpes griffithi)

American red fox (Vulpes Vulpes fulvus) (?)

Anadyr fox (Vulpes Vulpes beringiana)

Anatolian fox (Vulpes Vulpes anatolica)

Arabian fox (Vulpes Vulpes arabica)

Atlas fox (Vulpes Vulpes atlantica)

Barbary fox (Vulpes Vulpes barbara)

British Columbian fox (Vulpes Vulpes abietorum)

Cascade Mountain fox (Vulpes Vulpes cascadensis)

Cyprus fox (Vulpes Vulpes indutus)

eastern trans-Caucasian fox (Vulpes Vulpes alpherakyi)

European fox (Vulpes Vulpes crucigera)

hill fox (Vulpes Vulpes montana)

Iberian fox (Vulpes Vulpes silacea)

Japanese fox (Vulpes Vulpes japonica)

Karaganka fox (Vulpes Vulpes karagan)

Kenai Peninsula fox (Vulpes Vulpes kenaiensis)

Kodiak fox (Vulpes Vulpes harrimani)

Korean fox (Vulpes Vulpes peculiosa)

Kurile Island fox (Vulpes Vulpes splendidissima)

Labrador fox (Vulpes Vulpes bangsi)

Newfoundland fox (Vulpes Vulpes deletrix)

Nile fox (Vulpes Vulpes niloticus)

north Caucasian fox (Vulpes Vulpes caucasica)

northern Alaskan fox (Vulpes Vulpes alascensis)

northern Chinese fox (Vulpes Vulpes tschiliensis)

northern plains fox (Vulpes Vulpes regalis)

Nova Scotia fox (Vulpes Vulpes rubricosa)

Palestinian fox (Vulpes Vulpes palaestina)

red fox fox (Vulpes Vulpes dorsalis)

Sacramento Valley red fox (Vulpes Vulpes patwin)

Sakhalin fox (Vulpes Vulpes schrencki)

Sardinian fox (Vulpes Vulpes ichnusae)

Scandinavian red fox (Vulpes Vulpes vulpes)

Sierra Nevada red fox (Vulpes Vulpes necator)

southern Chinese fox (Vulpes Vulpes hoole)

Steppe fox (Vulpes Vulpes stepensis)

Tobol'sk fox (Vulpes Vulpes tobolica)

Trans-Baikal fox (Vulpes Vulpes daurica)

Trans-Caucasian montane fox (Vulpes Vulpes kurdistanica)

Turkestan fox (Vulpes Vulpes ochroxantha)

Turkmenian fox (Vulpes Vulpes flavescens)

Ussuri fox (Vulpes Vulpes dolichocrania)

Wasatch Mountain fox (Vulpes Vulpes macroura)

white-footed fox (Vulpes Vulpes pusilla)

Yakutsk fox (Vulpes Vulpes jakutensis)

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Canis vulpes

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

red fox

 
       

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Pelage

The coat of a mammal, consisting of fur, wool, or hair, and including a soft undercoat and stiff guard hairs.

 

 

 
 
Visitor Photos
 
           
 

Share your photo of this mammal.

 
  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach one or more photos and, if you like, a caption.
 
 

Luciearl

 
    red fox      
 

Ramona Abrego

 
 

Captive Fox

 
    red fox      
           
 

Wild fox on the Gunflint Trail

 
    red fox   red fox  
           
    red fox   red fox  
 

Norm & Peg Dibble

 
 

Beautiful Red Fox looking for a treat at our back door January 2018. First sighting ever was Christmas Eve! What a treat. It came by every day for quite a while so we have many photos and films.

 
    red fox      
           
 

Resting in the frozen pond area waiting for another treat. It was strange to watch him curl up and sleep in plain sight, but he probably had one eye open. He is so gorgeous!

 
    red fox   red fox  
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
    red fox   red fox  
           
    red fox   red fox  
           
    red fox   red fox  
           

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes)
Bill Keim
  Red Fox (Vulpes vulpes)  
Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)
Allen Chartier
  Vulpes vulpes (Red Fox)  
Red Fox
Andy Reago & Chrissy McClarren
  Red Fox  
     

 

slideshow

       
 
Visitor Videos
 
       
 

Share your video of this mammal.

 
  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Attach a video, a YouTube link, or a cloud storage link.
 
 

 

 
     
     
       
       
       
 
Other Videos
 
  Dmitry Belyaev and Fox Experiments
O Kit
 
   
 
About

Published on May 8, 2013

In the 1950s, Belyaev and his team spent years breeding the silver fox (Vulpes vulpes) and selecting only those that showed the least fear of humans.

After about ten generations of controlled breeding, the domesticated silver foxes no longer showed any fear of humans and often wagged their tails and licked their human caretakers to show affection. They also started to have spotted coats, floppy ears, and curled tails.

As a result of domestication, the adrenaline levels of the domesticated foxes were significantly lower than normal. The presence of their multicolor coats is theorized by the scientists to be related to changes in melanin, which controls pigment production and shares a biochemical pathway with adrenaline. It could also be that it was a result of hormonal changes that occurred as the foxes became increasingly tame.

The changes to the foxes' coats as they became domesticated may have helped solve the biological riddle of how dogs evolved to have coats different from wolves.

 
  Fox Dives Headfirst Into Snow | North America
Discovery
 
   
 
About

Published on Jul 5, 2013

A red fox pinpoints field mice buried deep beneath the snow, using his sensitive hearing and the magnetic field of the North Pole to plot his trajectory. | For more North America, visit http://dsc.discovery.com/tv-shows/north-america/#mkcpgn=ytdsc1

Subscribe to Discovery! | http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=discoverynetworks

Watch full episodes of North America! | http://www.youtube.com/show/northamerica

 
  Moocher Red Fox at Minnesota Scenic State Park.
douginda44's channel
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Aug 28, 2011

 
  Scream of the red fox
dan izzo
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Feb 26, 2008

Scream of the red fox

 
  North Dakota Red Fox pups
jednpep
 
   
 
About

Published on May 8, 2012

Recorded on May 8, 2012 using a Flip Video camera. There are five little guys here! If you watch some of my newer videos you can see these pups all grown up. Two of them I believe didn't survive.

 
       

 

Camcorder

 
 
Visitor Sightings
 
           
 

Report a sighting of this mammal.

 
  This button not working for you?
Simply email us at info@MinnesotaSeasons.com.
Be sure to include a location.
 
  Luciearl
4/11/2021

Location: Cass County

red fox

 
  John Valo
9/9/2018

Location: Burnsville, MN

I was startled awake at 1:25 this morning by a noise in the back yard. It sounded at first like a woman’s scream, about one and a half seconds long. After a ten second pause it was repeated. Again. And again. Then it became a long (one and a half second) scream followed by three shorter ones. After a ten second pause, that was repeated. Again. And again. I thought it may be a squirrel or rabbit being attacked by a red fox I have seen around. It turns out to have been the fox itself. Here is a link to Popular Science article of a screaming fox.

What Sound Does A Fox Really Make?

 
  Norm & Peg Dibble
January 2018

Location: Maple Grove, MN

Beautiful Red Fox looking for a treat at our back door January 2018. First sighting ever was Christmas Eve! What a treat. It came by every day for quite a while so we have many photos and films.

red fox

 
  Ramona Abrego
2/20/2017

Location: Gunflint Trail

Wild fox on the Gunflint Trail

red fox

 
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Sightings
 
   

 

 

Binoculars


Last Updated:

About Us | Privacy Policy | Contact Us | © 2021 MinnesotaSeasons.com. All rights reserved.