Virginia spring beauty

(Claytonia virginica var. virginica)

Conservation Status
Virginia spring beauty
 
  IUCN Red List

not listed

     
  NatureServe

N5 - Secure

SNR - Unranked

     
  Minnesota

not listed

     
           
Wetland Indicator Status
     
  Great Plains

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Midwest

FACU - Facultative upland

     
  Northcentral & Northeast

FACU - Facultative upland

     
           
 
Description
 
 

Virginia spring beauty is a 3 to 6 tall, erect, perennial forb that rises on 1 to a few stems from a rounded, vertical, thickened corm. This is a spring ephemeral.

The stems are hairless and light green or reddish green.

There are 1 to few basal leaves rising on 2 to 8 long leaf stalks. The blades are linear, 1 to 5½ long, and 3 16 to ¾ wide. The stem has a single pair of opposite leaves. They are hairless and stalkless or on short leaf stalks that are barely differentiated from the leaf blades. The blades are linear, to 4 long but rarely less than 2¾ long. All of the leaves are at least 8 times as long as wide.

The inflorescence is an unbranched, elongated, loose cluster at the end of the stem. The cluster has 5 to 19 flowers on slender, ½ to 1 long flower stalks.

The flowers are fragrant and 3 16 to ½ in diameter. They have 5 petals that are white or pinkish with fine pink stripes. There are only 2 sepals beneath the petals. On sunny days the flowers open and the stems become erect. On cloudy days and at night the buds remain closed and the stalks droop.

The fruit is an egg-shaped capsule with several seeds.

 
     
 

Height

 
 

3 to 6

 
     
 

Flower Color

 
 

White or pinkish with fine pink stripes

 
     
 

Similar Species

 
  Carolina spring beauty (Claytonia caroliniana var. caroliniana) has broad egg-shaped to oblong leaves that are 3 to 8 times as long as wide. The stalk of the stem leaves is obviously distinguishable from the leaf. It is much less common in Minnesota, its range restricted to the northeast and Hennepin County.  
     
 
Habitat
 
 

Moderate moisture. Woods. Dappled sunlight.

 
     
 
Biology
 
 

Flowering

 
 

April to June

 
     
 

Pests and Diseases

 
 

 

 
     
 
Use
 
 

 

 
     
 
Distribution
 
 

Distribution Map

 

Sources

2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 24, 28, 29, 30.

 
  6/29/2022      
         
 

Nativity

 
 

Native

 
         
 

Occurrence

 
 

 

 
         
 
Taxonomy
 
  Kingdom Plantae (green algae and land plants)  
  Subkingdom Viridiplantae (green plants)  
  Infrakingdom Streptophyta (land plants and green algae)  
  Superdivision Embryophyta (land plants)  
  Division Tracheophyta (vascular plants)  
  Subdivision Spermatophytina (seed plants)  
  Class Magnoliopsida (flowering plants)  
  Superorder Caryophyllanae  
 

Order

Caryophyllales (pinks, cactuses, and allies)  
 

Family

Montiaceae (pussypaw)  
  Genus Claytonia (spring beauty)  
  Section Claytonia  
  Species Claytonia virginica (Virginia spring beauty)  
       
 

Subordinate Taxa

 
 

 

 
       
 

Synonyms

 
 

Claytonia media

Claytonia robusta

 
       
 

Common Names

 
 

narrowleaf spring beauty

narrow-leaved spring beauty

spring beauty

springbeauty

Virginia spring beauty

Virginia springbeauty

Virginia spring-beauty

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Glossary

Corm

A short, solid, vertical, thickened, underground stem that serves as a storage organ.

 

Linear

Long, straight, and narrow, with more or less parallel sides, like a blade of grass.

 

Spring ephemeral

Early blooming, short-lived wildflower that emerges in early spring and disappears by early summer. They develop above-ground parts in March or April, quickly flower and go to seed, then die back to their underground parts by May or June.

 
 
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Nancy Falkum

 
    Virginia spring beauty      
           
 
MinnesotaSeasons.com Photos
 
 

Plant

 
    Virginia spring beauty   Virginia spring beauty  
           
 

Inflorescence

 
    Virginia spring beauty   Virginia spring beauty  
           
 

Flower

 
    Virginia spring beauty      

 

Camera

     
 
Slideshows
 
Claytonia virginica
Butler Herbarium
  Claytonia virginica  

 

slideshow

       
 
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Other Videos
 
  Early Spring Signs Of Plant Life - Foraging Edible Spring Beauty
MiWilderness
 
   
 
About

Published on Apr 5, 20131

Foraging for wild edible and medicinal plants of late winter and early spring. Plants harvested were spring beauty, garlic mustard, basswood buds and mullein.

This was a harsh late winter with lots of ice and snow, and many of the plants that normally survive through the winter months didn't fair so well.

It's getting toward the end of the season for harvesting most wild root crops, pretty soon they will be springing up from the ground, the roots will get pithy and no longer be palatable.

If you'd like to find more up to date information on foraging wild plants and mushrooms, what is in season right now, and information on the best field guides and identification books I use visit my Facebook page.

www.facebook.com/michigan.wilderness

Thanks for watching, subscribing, and supporting this channel. If you like this video please give a thumbs up and share it with others. If you have any questions or tips please leave a comment.

   
  Spring Beauty (Claytonia virginica)
wvoutdoorman
 
   
 
About

Published on Mar 23, 2012

Spring Beauty in Bloom. It is an early wildflower (Claytonia virginica)

   
  Spring Beauty (Claytonia virginica)
PrettyWorld2011
 
   
 
About

Uploaded on Apr 12, 2011

http://www.InBloomThisWeek.com A delicate Spring Beauty flower.

   

 

Camcorder

 
 
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  Nancy Falkum
5/6/2022

Location: Whitewater WMA, Main Branch Unit

Virginia spring beauty  
           
 
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